19 notecards = 5 pages (4 cards per page)
What does interest group mean?
Organizations that seek to influence gov't decisions.
What is policy agenda?
The set of issues under consideration by policy makers.
What have political scientist identified as ways to overcome the collective action problem?
A: Selective benefits provided to group members, typically material or monetary, but also social or ideological
What his the ultimate goal of interest groups?
Ultimate goal of interest groups is to shape the public policy in ways consistent w/ group of interests values, and beliefs.
An indépendant non party group that raises and spends money on political activities.
In the executive branch who gets lobbied the most?
Executive branch agencies
What was the ultimate outcome about PAC contributions and does it affect votes?
Most research finds that PAC contributions do not buy the votes of their legislators.
Every two years and the elections of the house of representatives, how many of those elections are true races?
Only about 2 dozen.
How many members in the house of representatives, how often are they voted in, and how many ppl do they represent?
How often are senators voted in? How many are there?
Often voted in: 6 years
What are the responsibilities that each house of congress has? What are the different responsibilities btwn the senate and house?
Both: oversee the bureaucracy, declare war, regulating interstate commerce, raising and supporting armies, and making laws.
"House of Representatives" what is the main focus for congressmen?
What is a standing committee, select committee, and joint committee?
Standing committee: Permanent committee with a well defined, relatively fixed policy jurisdiction that develops , writes, & updates important legislation.
What is a party caucus, and a party conference? Who elects the speaker of the house?
Party Caucus: the gathering of all democratic members of the house or senate
What is a whip?
designated members of congress who deliver messages from the party leaders, keep track of members votes, and encourage members to stand together on key issues.
What is an open rule? Closed rule?
Open rule: the terms and conditions applied to a particular bill that allow members of congress to make a wide range of amendment to it
What is filibuster and a cloture?
Fillbuster: va procédure by which senators delay or prevent action on a bill by making long speeches and engaging in unlimited debate
What is the double A "authorization and appropriations"?
Authorization: the granting of legal authority to operate federal programs and agencies.
What is a continuing resolution?
funds to keep programs up and running when regular appropriations have not been approved by the end of the fiscal year