61 notecards = 16 pages (4 cards per page)
1. Which of these is reflective of the hierarchical organization of
life from most to least inclusive?
2. Evolution is biology's core theme that ties together all the other
3. A controlled experiment is one in which
4. About 25 of the 92 occurring elements are known to be essential to
life. Which four of these 25 elements make up approximately 96% of
5. Which drawing below depicts the electron configuration of oxygen
6. What does the reactivity of an atom depend on?
7. A covalent chemical bonds is one in which
8. What results from an unequal sharing of electrons between
9. Which bonds must be broken for water to vaporize?
10. One mole (mol) of a substance is
11. One liter of a solution of pH has how many more hydrogen ions
(H+) than 1 L of a solution of pH 6?
12. Observe the structure of glucose and fructose in the Figure
13. Polymers of polysaccharides, fats and proteins are all
synthesized from monomers by which process?
14. If 128 molecules of the general type shown in the figure above
were covalently joined together in sequence, the single molecule that
would result would be a
15. The 20 different amino acids found in polypeptides exhibit
different chemical and physical properties because of
16. The tertiary structure of a protein is the
17. What would be an unexpected consequence of changing one amino
acid in a protein consisting of 325 amino acids?
18. Which of the following best describes the flow of information in
19. All of the following nitrogenous bases are found in DNA
20. Which of the following types of molecules are the major
structural components of the cells membrane?
21. A patient has had a serious accident and lost a lot of blood. In
an attempt to replenish body fluids, distilled water, equal to the
volume of blood lost is transferred directly into one of his veins.
What will be the most probable result of this transfusion?
22. The movement of a substance across a biological membrane against
its concentration gradient with the help of energy input is
23. The sodium-potassium is called an electrogenic pump because
24. Which term most precisely describes the cellular process of
breaking down large molecules into smaller ones?
25. Living organism increase in complexity as they grow, resulting in
a decrease in the entropy of an organism. How does this relate to the
second law of thermodynamics?
26. Which of the following statements regarding ATP is (are)
27. Increasing the substrate concentration in an enzymatic reaction
could overcome which of the following?
28. What is the term used for the metabolic pathway in which glucose
(C6O12H6) is degraded to carbon
dioxide (CO2) and water?
29. In addition to ATP, what are the end products of
30. Which kind of metabolic poison would most directly interfere with
31. The primary role of oxygen in cellular respiration is to
32. In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes
33. Which of the following statements best represents the
relationship between the light reactions and the Calvin Cycle?
34. From the perspective of the cell receiving the message, the three
stages of cell signaling are
35. Which of the following is (are) true of ligand-gated ion
36. The correct sequence of steps in the M phase of the cell cycle
37. Which of the following is true of the process of meiosis?
38. What was the most significant conclusion that Gregor Mendel drew
from his experiments with pea plants?
39. Two characters that appear in a 9:3:3:1 ratio in the F2
generation should have which of the following properties?
A woman who has blood type A has a daughter who is type O positive
and a son who is type B negative. Rh positive is a simple dominant
trait over Rh negative.
41. When Thomas Hunt Morgan crossed his red-eyes F1 generation flies
to each other, the F2 generation included both red-and white-eyed
flies. Remarkably, all the white-eyed flies were male. What was the
explanation for this result?
42. How could one explain a test-cross involving F1 dihybrid flies in
which more parental-type offspring that recombinant-type offspring are
43. Which of the following statements does not apply to the Watson
and Crick model of DNA?
44. The leading and the lagging strands differ in that
45. A possible sequence of nucleotides in the template strand DNA
that would code for the polypeptide sequence phe-leu-ile-val would
46. RNA polymerase and DNA polymerase differ in that
47. A frameshift mutation could result from
48. What is the function of reverse transcriptase in
49. What are prions?
50.What does the operon model attempt to explain?
51. Which two functional groups are always found in amino
52. In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent
general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following
organelles function in this?
53. A cell has the following molecules and organelles enzymes: DNA,
ribosomes, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. This could be
54. Plasmodesmata in plant cells are most similar in function to
which of the following structures in animal cells?
55. Which of the following statements concerning prokaryotic and
eukaryotic cells is not correct?
56. Celery stalks that are immersed in fresh water for several hours
become stiff and hard. Similar stalks left in a salt solution become
limp and soft. From this we can deduce that the cells of the celery
57. The active site of an enzyme is the region that
58. When you have a severe fever, what may be a grave consequence if
it is not controlled?
59. Where are the proteins of the electron transport chain
60. Inside an active mitochondrion, most electrons follow which
61. Which of the following occurs in the cytoplasm of an eukaryotic