96 notecards = 24 pages (4 cards per page)
Identify the letter that indicates the major calyx.
Identify the letter that indicates the blood vessel that branches
from the abdominal aorta
Identify the letter that indicates the blood vessels that delineate
the cortex from the medulla.
Identify the letter that indicates an expanded portion of the
Identify the letter that indicates a cortical radiate artery.
Identify the letter that indicates the afferent arteriole.
Identify the letter that indicates the vasa recta.
Identify the letter that indicates the glomerulus.
Identify the letter that indicates blood vessels that absorb solutes
from the convoluted tubules.
Identify the letter that indicates the region of the nephron with
receptors sensitive to
Identify the letter that indicates the parietal layer of glomerular
Identify the letter that indicates the proximal convoluted
Identify the letter that indicates the efferent arteriole.
Identify the letter that indicates the visceral layer of the
Identify the letter that indicates blood vessels covered by
Knot of capillaries that directs blood into the efferent
The medial concave cleft in which vessels, ureters, and nerves
enter/leave the kidney.
A large fat-filled space within the kidney that also contains the
renal pelvis, blood vessels,
Cup-shaped tubes that enclose the papillae of the pyramids.
85% of nephrons are described by this term that relates to their
location in the kidney.
Region of the distal tubule that monitors concentration of the
The descriptive term for the location of the kidneys relative to the
Contraction of this muscle forces urine from the bladder.
Ladderlike looping blood vessels within the medulla.
Blood vessel that contains granular cells involved in blood pressure
Which of the following is not normally found in urine?
If you looked closely at the tip of a renal papilla with a hand lens,
the hundreds of little
Vessels and nerves enter and leave the kidney through the
The most superficial layer of the kidney is the
How much of the fluid filtered by the kidney actually becomes
Which of the following supportive tissues is most
Before it enters the ureter, urine collects in the
Infection of the renal pelvic and calyces is known as
Which vessels lie within the renal columns?
Which of the following is not part of the filtration
Which of the following processes does not participate in the
production of urine in the
Which of the following is not found in the renal corpuscle?
The only embryonic kidney that survives into adulthood is the
The function of the collecting duct is to
The kidneys lie behind the ________ cavity.
The name of the inferior of the three openings in the trigone of the
bladder is the
Renin is produced in
The mucosal folds in the bladder (rugae)
Why are urinary tract infections more common in females than in
Which of the following conditions is most often seen in elderly males
Which of the following would not inhibit micturition?
Which segment of the nephron has a simple squamous
An important difference between a cuboidal epithelial cell of the
proximal versus the distal
An important difference between the peritubular capillaries and the
vasa recta in the kidney
From which embryonic tissue layer(s) does the kidney arise?
Which of the following is not usually associated with the formation
of renal calculi?
The left renal vein ________ the right renal vein.
Which of the following statements about the urinary bladder is
Based on what you know about the location of the kidneys in the
posterior abdominal wall,
Which of the following is found exclusively in the renal
The part of the nephron whose epithelial cells are most responsible
for resorption and
The layer of podocytes is the same as the
Of the following, the only epithelial type that does not line the
Which of the following statements about the internal urethral
sphincter is false?
Arteries that branch to form the afferent arterioles to the glomeruli
Which of the following structures is most numerous within a
The embryonic urogenital sinus
The ureters develop from
The external urethral sphincter is located
The condition in which the metanephros has failed to ascend
During a dissection, Arnie saw the ureters entering the lateral
corners of the bladder but
The parts of the nephron whose epithelial cells contain the most
mitochondria are the
In the micturition reflex, the detrusor muscle is stimulated to
In the juxtaglomerular apparatus, the macula densa belongs to
Another name for the neck of the bladder is the
The longest of the three parts of the male urethra is the
Which structure(s) is (are) most important for holding the kidney in
place in the abdomen?
The micturition center is located in the
Cortical nephrons are different from juxtamedullary nephrons in
When Melinda was asked to identify a "mystery" slide on a
histology test, she immediately
Which of the following regions of the nephron is most likely to be
found in the renal
Urine passes through the
An increase in the permeability of collecting tubule cells to water
is due to
The epithelium lining the urinary bladder that permits distension
Which gland sits atop each kidney?
The glomerular capsule and the glomerular capillaries together make up the renal corpuscle.
Urine flows from the kidney to the bladder by gravity and peristalsis.
The epithelial cells of the distal convoluted tubule have an abundance of absorptive microvilli.
The descending thin limb of the nephron loop consists of a simple squamous epithelium.
In females, the urinary bladder lies anterior to the vagina and uterus.
The location and length of the urethra are two factors that
contribute to the high incidence of
The urinary bladder, when empty, lies within both the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
A network of peritubular capillaries surrounds the convoluted tubules
and nephron loop for
The internal urethral sphincter is composed of smooth muscle and is
The kidneys are located just below lumbar vertebrae L2 and L3.
The correct sequence of arterial blood flow is the renal artery to
the segmental arteries to the
Venous structures of the kidney mirror those of the arterial circuit,
except for the absence of
Urine drains from the kidney in the following sequence: from the
collecting duct to the minor
The ureters enter the bladder obliquely at the anterolateral corners.
Cortical and juxtamedullary nephrons can be distinguished by the
absence of a vasa recta in