86 notecards = 22 pages (4 cards per page)
Identify the letter that indicates structures that assist in
filtering, heating, and humidifying
Identify the letter that indicates a muscular tube that serves as a
common passageway for food
Identify the letter that indicates a flexible tube that has C-shaped
cartilaginous rings that keep
Identify the letter that indicates the opening of the
Identify the letter that indicates the uvula.
Identify the letter that indicates Ciliated cells in this layer
transport mucus laden with dust,
Identify the letter that indicates the fibromusculocartilaginous
layer with hyaline cartilaginous
Identify the letter that indicates the trachealis muscle.
Identify the letter that indicates the soft wall of the trachea
allows the esophagus to expand
Identify the letter that indicates a muscular tube that propels
swallowed food to the stomach.
Identify the letter that indicates the cartilage that has a laryngeal
prominence that is also
Identify the letter that indicates the vocal fold, or true vocal
Identify the letter that indicates the cartilage that folds over the
opening of the larynx — the
Identify the letter that indicates the vestibular fold, or false
Identify the letter that indicates the cartilage that anchors the
vocal cords posteriorly.
Anatomical region of the nasal cavity containing nose hairs.
The smallest airway of the bronchial tree that is primarily
responsible for creating
Alveolar cells that allow rapid diffusion of respiratory
The serous membrane lining of the wall of the thoracic
The region of the lung served by secondary, or lobar,
Fluid that reduces surface tension of the alveolar walls.
These are peripheral chemoreceptors that monitor changes in
respiratory gasses and blood
The medial opening between the vocal folds through which air
Specific location within the lungs where gas exchange occurs.
Fissure separating the upper and middle lobes of the right
The superior and middle nasal conchae are bony projections from
Which cells produce surfactant?
Which part of the nose is composed of dense fibrous connective
The rubbing together of inflamed pleural membranes that produces a
stabbing pain in the
Which structure is not located within the nasopharynx?
Which of the following is not a function of the nasal
When the diaphragm contracts, the size of the thoracic cavity
________, the pressure inside
In lung cancer, the cancer cells usually arise from
Which muscle contracts during forced expiration?
The part of the brain that generates the basic respiratory rhythm is
Sympathetic stimulation of terminal bronchioles causes
The left lung
Which portion of the nasal cavity is lined with sebaceous and sweat
glands and numerous
The detergent-like molecule that keeps the alveoli from collapsing
between breaths is called
The passageway between the nasopharynx and the middle ear is
Of the three different layers of tissue in the wall of the trachea,
the outermost layer is the
What type of epithelium occurs in the respiratory mucosa?
Some bronchi have names such as the "right upper-lobe
bronchus," "left lower-lobe
The correct definition of bronchopulmonary segments is
The ________ flaps over the glottis when we swallow food.
The respiratory mucosa is present throughout each of the following
areas except the
Most foreign substances in inspired air fail to reach the lungs
because of the
The ability to vary the pitch of the voice results from
In the wall of the trachea and bronchi, the cartilage rings lie
within which tissue layer?
The aortic bodies
Of the following, which is the only organ that is not an upper
respiratory structure? (Hint:
An aortic aneurysm that presses on the left recurrent laryngeal nerve
could lead to
The main function of the elaborate venous plexus in the nasal mucosa
The vocal ligaments attach between the thyroid cartilage and
The trachealis muscle
The pharyngeal tonsil is
Embryologically, the nasal cavity develops from
Supportive cartilage disappears from the bronchial tree at the level
The lobes of a lung are easy to recognize and distinguish from one
The space between the right and left vocal folds is called
Which structure does not enter or exit from the hilum of a
Which structure is both a lower respiratory structure and in the
conducting zone? (Hint:
In a runner who is breathing heavily during a race, the rima
It is easy to see on the outer surface of a smoker's lung hexagons
approximately the size of
Which muscle is used for both quiet inspiration and forced
Which of the following changes does not occur as the conducting tubes
of the respiratory tree
The ventral respiratory group (VRG) is a group of neurons located
In a preserved cadaver, the first rib is likely to form a groove on
which surface of the lung?
The lungs are located in the
The trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles are all located within the lungs.
Changes in the size of the thoracic cavity bring about inspiration and expiration.
Type II alveolar cells produce pleural fluid to keep the walls of the
alveoli from collapsing or
Gas exchange occurs across the bronchi and bronchioles.
The left lung has both a horizontal fissure and oblique fissure.
The pleural cavities extend two ribs below the inferior border of the lungs.
The external intercostal muscles are involved in active inspiration.
The groove through which air passes between nasal conchae is called a choanae.
The respiratory zone begins at the large bronchioles.
The only laryngeal cartilage to form a complete ring is the cuneiform.
When the diaphragm contracts, it raises the floor of the thoracic cavity upward.
The scalene muscles are involved in deep inspiration.
The number of secondary, or lobar, bronchi is a distinguishing
characteristic of the right and
The vocal ligaments are attached between the cricoid and arytenoid cartilages.
The mucosal epithelium transitions from pseudostratified columnar to
simple cuboidal along