77 notecards = 20 pages (4 cards per page)
The hindbrain of the embryo develops into the pons, the medulla oblongata, part of the spinal cord, and what other structure?
12) The telencephalon develops into what adult brain
The diencephalon develops into the thalamus, the epithalamus, and
what other structure?
During the human embryonic and fetal periods, the brain grows
rapidly, most noticeably the growth of what structure?
Which of these regions of the brain regulates body temperature,
hunger, and thirst?
Which of these regions of the brain, besides the cerebrum, has an
outer cortical layer of gray
Which of these regions has two hemispheres connected by the corpus
Which of these regions superior-most aspect is found in close
proximity to the fourth ventricle and lies just posterior to the
Which of these regions of the brain has frontal, parietal, temporal,
and occipital lobes, as well as the insula?
The insula is considered to be part of the ________.
Which of these regions of the brain contains the basal forebrain
nuclei in the deep gray matter?
Which of these regions is the largest part of the diencephalon and
forms the upper and lateral walls of the third ventricle?
Which of these regions functions to direct nearly all sensory input,
except olfactory impulses, to the cerebral cortex?
Which of these regions of the brain regulates hormonal secretions
from the pituitary gland (hypophysis)?
Which of these regions lies between the optic chiasma and the
posterior border of the mammillary bodies?
A "motor homunculus" can be visualized as an overlay on the
precentral gyrus. The reason why the facial region of this homunculus
covers such a large surface area is because
It is easy to confuse the terms sulcus and gyrus (on the cerebral
cortex). The difference between these two terms is that
The cell bodies located in the anteriormost region of the spinal
cord's gray matter belong to this group.
The axons in the inferior olivary nuclei relay sensory impulses
The visual association area of the cerebral cortex is located in
The fluid-filled ventricles within the cerebrum are similar in
function to the ________ of the spinal cord.
The function of the blood-brain barrier is to
Three "seeing/vision" nuclei that occupy the midbrain of
humans are the
Shearing of axons in a diffuse axonal injury causes such widespread
disruptions because such an injury involves
Which of the following is a descending motor spinal tract?
What types of sensory information are conveyed toward the brain in
the lateral spinothalamic tracts?
Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by choroid plexuses in all the
following locations except the
Which of these lobes of the cerebrum lies anterior to the central
Which region of the cerebellum functionally sequences complex
voluntary muscle contractions to adjust posture as body position
The second largest region of the brain is the
The sheet of dura mater that separates the right and left cerebral
hemispheres is the
At what vertebral level does the spinal cord terminate (inferiorly)
in the average adult?
The cell bodies located in the posteriormost region of the spinal
cord's gray matter belong to this group.
All of the following are structures of the limbic system except
Which of the following is not a hindbrain structure?
Which of the following is not a function of nuclei within the
The subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of
Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located
The tough, dense fibrous connective tissue meningeal layer is
Cutting the corpus callosum would lead to which of the
What is the anatomical distinction between the basal ganglia and the
basal forebrain nuclei?
The abstract representation of the homunculus overlaid on the
somatosensory cerebral cortex has the
Which of the following is a motor area for vision?
Posterior gray horns of the spinal cord consist of
The cauda equina
The calcarine sulcus contains which functional area?
A lesion to the inferior olivary nucleus in the medulla would
interfere with the function of which other structure(s)?
One of the distinctions between the cerebrum and cerebellum is
Cerebrospinal fluid is located within the
The only one of the meninges that follows the brain surface into a
cerebral sulcus is the
Which areas of the brain are most likely to process and store motor
Which of the following grooves separates the cerebrum from the
After someone faints, smelling salts of ammonia may be placed under
the person's nose. The person breathes the ammonia vapors, which
deliver a sharp jolt to the nasal membranes, and the person wakes up.
Two parts of the brain that are most involved in emotions are
A cerebrovascular accident patient who is unable to recognize faces
and objects but can still visually perceive spatial arrangement of
objects most likely has damage to
The main visceral control center of the brain is the
Sleep-wake cycles are controlled by the pineal gland and the
If the most caudal part of the CNS is the conus medullaris, then the
most rostral part is/are the
Which of the following is not part of the basal ganglia?
Which of the following is not a midbrain structure?
The brain stem consists of the
Neural centers that control heart rate, respiration, and blood
pressure are located in the
A shallow groove on the surface of the cerebral cortex is called
The hypothalamus, in addition to the cerebral cortex, is in control of emotional responses.
The pituitary gland (hypophysis) is connected to the hypothalamus and receives regulatory impulses that control the secretion of hormones.
The ventral portion of the cerebral peduncles connect the midbrain to the cerebellum and contain the pyramidal (corticospinal) motor tracts descending to the spinal cord.
The vasomotor center of the medulla regulates blood pressure.
In the olivary nuclei in the medulla, mostly proprioceptive sensory impulses are relayed to the cerebellum.
The medullary respiratory center controls the rhythm and rate of breathing.
Spinal nerve pairs in the cervical region of the spinal cord are found inferior to the vertebral bodies of the same number.
The cerebellum has an outer cortex, internal white matter, and areas of gray matter buried deep in the white matter.
Cerebrospinal fluid passes through choroidal villi to enter the superior sagittal sinus.
The reticular activating system (RAS) contains structures that
regulate and cause emotional
The amygdala is part of the limbic system and has neurons that process the emotions and reactions to fear.
The limbic system has neural ties to the autonomic nervous system, the hypothalamus, and the reticular formation.
The meninges of the brain differ from those of the spinal cord in that the dura mater of the brain splits into two layers and that there is no epidural space.
The white matter of the spinal cord contains ascending and descending pathways known as tracts.