25 notecards = 7 pages (4 cards per page)
The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints.
All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight.
Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes.
Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood.
The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability.
The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement.
The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion.
Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint.
A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint.
The knee joint allows for extension and flexion only.
A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination.
The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements.
Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball-and-socket joints.
Moving the arm in a full circle is an example of circumduction.
Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion.
The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint.
The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint.
The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity.
Chondromalacia patellae is hardening of the articular cartilage on the posterior patella surface.
Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris.
A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loos of the synovial fluids.
A ball-and-socket joint is a multiaxial joint.
Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion.
A nonaxial movement is usually seen at a joint such as a hinge.
Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa.