115 notecards = 29 pages (4 cards per page)
Mobility muscles differ from stability muscles in that:
mobility muscles are located in the arms and legs.
When lifting a patient, why would you stand with your feet apart?
to increase the base of support
All of the following are true of the Pigg-O-Stat infant immobilizer EXCEPT:
it can be used for supine abdominal studies of the child.
Toward which side should all transfers be initiated?
patient’s strong side
Which of the following statements represents proper protocol for transferring a patient from a wheelchair to a table (the patient is able to stand but cannot walk)?
The radiographer positions the wheelchair at a 45-degree angle so that the patient’s stronger side is closer to the table.
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, one of the most common work-related injuries resulting in lost work time and disability is:
Which of the following immobilization devices is used for a lateral chest film on a nonambulatory patient?
Positioning sponges are the most commonly used immobilization devices.
Which of the following statements describes the narrowest base of support?
standing on one foot
Which of the following wheelchair transfers is used for non-weight bearing?
What is meant by the statement, “To stand tall in pediatric radiology, you have to get down on your knees”?
Communication with the patient is best accomplished at eye level.
A sudden drop in a patient’s blood pressure caused by standing or sitting upright is called:
Which of the following cart transfers has the greatest potential for back strain in the radiographer?
The Pigg-O-Stat is an immobilization device used for which examination?
When immobilizing neonates and young infants:
using a sheet for mummification can prove to be very effective.
Why is it necessary to place sandbags by the wheels on a cart?
To prevent the cart from moving.
As you enter a patient’s room to perform a portable examination you notice the patient sleeping on her side with one leg over the other with the knees bent. This patient is in the _____ position.
The center of gravity for a standing patient is:
at approximately the second sacral segment
When is removing a cervical collar permissible?
after the physician has reviewed the images and determined it is safe
Wheelchair wheels should be locked for all transfers.
All of the following statements refer to Velcro strap restraints except:
They reduce physical strain on the patient from holding a position.
If a patient cannot assist with a cart-to-table transfer:
a draw sheet or transfer assist device should be used.
All of the following are related EXCEPT:
log roll assist.
When radiographing a patient with severe abdominal trauma and possible hemorrhagic shock, it is important to:
radiograph the patient through the antishock garment the patient is wearing.
The technique of wrapping a patient in a sheet:
is known as mummification.
A key component to effective communication with a patient is
Which of the following might be used to immobilize a patient for an upright lateral chest radiograph?
When obtaining cervical spine images on a patient with a cervical collar, complete:
all projections with the cervical collar in place.
Traction splints should be removed for radiographic procedures.
Which of the following immobilization devices is/are useful for pediatric imaging?
all of the above
What causes patients to feel lightheaded, queasy, or faint when they stand up quickly from a sitting or supine position?
decreased blood pressure
When moving a patient to or from a stretcher:
lock the stretcher securely against the examination table.
For efficient and safe patient transfers and handling, the imaging professional should:
use red postural muscles for support.
What is the minimum number of persons to use for a cart-to-table transfer when no moving devices are available?
When performing a lumbar spine series on an elderly patient:
allow the patient to bend hips and knees between exposures to lessen back strain.
Stability muscles are found in the extremities.
You have received a patient from the nursing floor who needs to be transferred by way of a hydraulic lift. The patient arrives to medical imaging on a cart without a transfer sling. To proceed with a safe lift you should:
call the nursing floor and return the patient to be placed on a sling.
Which of the following statements applies to all types of wheelchair transfers?
transfer toward the strong side
What is the most commonly used immobilization device?
The Octostop immobilization device is used:
on infants and children younger than 1 year.
If a moving device is not readily available, the patient can be transferred to a table by using a drawsheet.
When moving a patient from a cart to the radiographic table, it would be appropriate to:
do both a and c.
Tape, Velcro restraints, and Plexiglas all can be useful immobilization devices.
Which of the following immobilization devices is used to help keep the patient from falling off the table?
In which of the following circumstances should a moving device be used to transfer a patient from a cart to a radiography table?
patients who are unable to assist in the move
The purpose of the cervical collar is to:
place traction on the spine to prevent movement
To achieve extreme dorsiflexion of the ankle, the most effective immobilization method employs the use of:
Why does orthostatic hypotension occur in patients who have been in bed for long periods?
A decrease in vasomotor tone in blood vessels results in a decrease in oxygen to the brain.
When assessing the wheelchair patient for transfer, it is important to:
determine the patient’s abilities by talking to the person
How can the severity of orthostatic hypotension be minimized?
by moving slowly
Proper immobilization can reduce the need for repeat radiographs and increase radiation exposure.
Which of the following immobilization devices is radiopaque?
When using a sheet to “mummify” an infant, the sheet should first be formed into a:
The most important communication that occurs in a radiology department takes place between the radiographer and the
For which type of patient is it appropriate to use a hydraulic lift?
Which of the following body parts does a backboard immobilize?
all of the above
When transferring patients for medical imaging procedures, communication is an essential component of a safe and efficient transfer. Which of the following is not a recommended communication strategy to achieve a safe transfer?
During the transfer, try and stay quiet so as not to alarm the patient.
Which of the following is an example of a spinal trauma immobilization device?
When performing a two-person lift of a patient from a wheelchair, it is important to:
lift the patient as a unit, with his or her arms crossed and legs straight.
Patient immobilization is a critical part of achieving optimum image quality. Even the smallest, undetectable involuntary motion can degrade the final image. Effective methods to reduce the amount of patient motion include:
all of the above.
Which of the following cart transfer devices requires lifting rather than sliding of the patient?
What term describes the hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated?
center of gravity
What is the difference between an air splint and a traction splint used on the lower leg?
An air splint provides stability.
Effective techniques to use when radiographing children include:
getting down to eye level with the child and establishing rapport.
Which of the following items is used to transfer patients from a cart to a table?
all of the above
After successfully completing a safe hydraulic lift of a large patient, the imaging professional should:
return the patient in a wheelchair with the transfer sling under the patient.
For which of the following fractures would traction splints be used?
Head clamps help immobilize the head and cervical spine.
Where is the human center of gravity located?
at approximately sacral level two
The purpose of inflatable trousers is to:
slow the rate of hemorrhage
Orthostatic hypotension results from which of the following?
being in bed for long periods
By asking a patient what his or her moving capabilities are, the radiographer provides only the assistance needed to move the patient comfortably.
Which of the following types of wheelchair transfers requires minimal assistance by the radiographer?
An effective way to reduce motion is to:
communicate with the patient
The purpose of a patient transfer is to:
safely move a patient from one area to another.
When using sandbags as immobilization devices:
make a note for the radiologist, as the sandbag is radiopaque and may leave an artifact.
If a patient arrives in a wheelchair and on a sling, which type of transfer is indicated?
The ideal patient immobilization device would be:
radiolucent, durable, and easy to use for the radiographer.
Which of the following is the foundation on which a body rests?
base of support
Voluntary motion is under the control of the
What term is used to describe the drop in blood pressure some patients experience when they stand up quickly?
Which of the following pathologic conditions requires special handling?
all of the above
All of the following are examples of simple immobilization techniques EXCEPT:
wrapping a child in a sheet (mummy wrap).
Transfers should be arranged so that which side of the patient is next to the table?
An inflatable air splint is used under what circumstances?
Lower extremity trauma
How can the base of support be increased?
standing with the legs far apart
When lifting patients it is important to:
keep your back stationary and lift with your legs.
Which branch of science applies the laws of physics, specifically the action of forces on bodies at rest or in motion?
The ideal way to perform a transfer is to:
allow the patient to do as much work as possible
One of the greatest fears of a geriatric patient is
The person lifting the torso will grab what part of the patient to lift the person?
Why are Velcro straps used for the axial projection of the calcaneus?
They assist the patient in dorsiflexing the foot.
A basic principle of lifting states that the patient should never assist in the move.
You have received an examination request for a pediatric wrist and hand. The examination history states that the child caught her hand in a fan. The child’s hand shows soft tissue swelling but no cuts or abrasions. The patient is brought to you with the mother who is quite distraught and upset over her child’s injury. As you proceed to image the daughter, how would you effectively handle the parent in this situation?
Refer to departmental policy on parents in the examination room, and use your best experience to deal with the mother, which may include having her leave the room as you do the examination.
In a two-person lift, who should lift the torso?
the stronger person
When tape is used as an immobilization tool with an infant:
twist the tape so the nonadhesive side is against the infant’s skin.
Spine boards or backboards are used only for patients with spinal injuries.
When transferring a patient from a wheelchair to a radiographic table:
allow the patient to help with the transfer if it is safe and he or she is capable of doing so.
When positioning a patient in a rolling motion transfer:
always move the patient toward you.
A sandbag cannot be placed directly over the injured site for which of the following reasons?
because it is radiopaque
Which of the following statements describes the advantage(s) of using a spine board?
a and b
For a patient with internal bleeding of the abdomen and unstable vital signs, paramedics will apply which of the following immobilization devices?
A transfer belt can be used to transfer a patient safely and effectively.
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
When lifting someone or something, stand as close as possible to whatever you’re lifting.
All of the following radiography procedures can involve the use of positioning sponges except procedures for the:
As you raise a cardiac patient from a supine position on the radiographic table:
do all of the above.
Establishing a rapport with a patient contributes greatly to a successful immobilization exercise. To establish patient rapport, the imaging professional should:
gently tell the patient what you need to accomplish and how you would like to move forward with the examination.
Which immobilization device is radiopaque?
none of them
Which of the following transfers can be used to move a patient from a wheelchair to an examination table?
all of the above
Patient immobilization methods contribute significantly to a patient’s x-ray exposure. The desirable features of an immobilization device, from a radiation protection standpoint, would be:
all of the above.
All of the following statements apply to an assisted standing pivot wheelchair transfer except:
The person doing the transfer stands behind the patient.
A patient arrives at medical imaging for a skull series after being hit in the head by a softball. The patient comes to you with a cervical collar, but it is apparent that the collar may not be needed as the patient is turning his head to converse with you as the examination starts. A professional imaging technologist would:
complete the skull images with the collar in place using the positioning flexibility of your equipment.
All of the following are true of good lifting mechanics EXCEPT:
extend your reach beyond the center of gravity to broaden your arm coverage.
When immobilization techniques are used, which radiographic factor is being controlled?
Which of the following statements is true about immobilization devices applied to trauma patients?
They must be left in place during initial filming.