26 notecards = 7 pages (4 cards per page)
A sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for a functional product is a(n)
Which process results in a new double-
In DNA replication, the newly added nucleotide is joined to the growing DNA strand by
DNA polymerase adds new nucleotides to the _____ end only on a DNA strand.
Which of the following enzymes joins DNA strands and joins Okazaki fragments and new segments in excision by forming covalent bonds?
What carries the coded information for making specific proteins from DNA to ribosomes?
Which molecules recognize specific codons and transport amino acids?
A group of three nucleotides is called a(n)
Transcription begins when RNA polymerase binds to the DNA at the
Of the 64 codons, how many are sense
Perhaps 60–80% of genes are NOT regulated, but are
What is the process that turns on the
A set of operator and promoter sites and the structural genes they control defines
Inhibition of the metabolism of alternative
Epigenetic inheritance is
Ionizing radiation causes
Ultraviolet light is a form of mutagenic radiation, which causes cellular damage that can be
What is the most common type of mutation involving single base pairs?
Mutations in which one or a few nucleotide pairs are deleted or inserted in the DNA are called
Approximately what percentage of substances found by the Ames test to be mutagenic have been found to be carcinogenic in animals?
Which of the following is defined as the
Transformation is the transfer of DNA from a donor to a recipient cell
The process in which bacterial DNA is transferred from a donor cell to a recipient cell inside a bacteriophage is called
The process in which genetic material is transferred from one bacterium to another is called
Which type of plasmid carries genes for sex pili and for the transfer of the plasmid to another cell?
What provides a natural mechanism for the movement of genes from one region of a DNA molecule to another?