38 notecards = 10 pages (4 cards per page)
-not just material things but what we expect out of life
S.G. The ability to get your way, even over the resistance of others
S.G. according to Weber, large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, prestige, and power; according to Marx, one of two groups: capitalist who own the means of production and workers who sell their labor.
Three Variables that Max Weber identified as defining Social class
property: owning the property does not matter if one has control over it
S.G. The total value of everything someone owns, minus the debts
Thinking we have a bigger influence and effect on the decisions made in government. and ideology marx said is installed in us by the people of power.
Mill's term to refer to those who make the big decisions in the US society
Background Profile of most US presidents
S.G. ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others; also called status discrepancy.
S.G. the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
Numerically the race of the majority of the poor in the US
Feminization of poverty
S.G. refers to the situation that most poor families in the US are headed by women
Segment most likely to experience poverty today
How long do most remain in poverty
relationship between amount of education an occupation requires and the prestige it holds in society
Social class and mental problems
mental health of the lower classes is worse that that of the higher classes, partly due to the higher levels of stress that come with a low class.
social class and victims of crime
crimes of the lower class are dealt with police and court system. member of lower class are likely to be in jail on probation or parole. since those who commit street crimes tend to do so in or near their neighborhood the lower class are more likely to be robbed or burglarized.
S.G. about the same numbers of people moving up and down the social class ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change.
S.G. males' and females' unequal access to property, power, and prestige
sex and gender
sex: biological characteristics, consisting of primary and secondary sex charac
nature V nurture
Vietnam veteran study
that people with more testosterone tend to be more aggressive, but social class comes into play. lower class: more likely to get in trouble with law.
females as a minority group
nowhere in history is there a society where women had the decision making power over the men as a group.
the child penalty
often men are started with a higher salary than a woman
S.G. Mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top levels at work
S.G. the abuse of one's position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone
S.G. a group whose inherited physical characteristics distinguish it from other groups
S.G. the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of people because of their presumed race or ethnicity
S.G. having distinctive cultural characteristics
S.G. activities designed to discover, enhance, or maintain ethnic and racial identity
exaggerates the virtues of a group as when people think that some group is superior to others.
prejudice and discrimination
prejudice: an attitude or prejudging usually in a negative way
S.G.people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
Minority groups in text
individual: the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that persons perceived characteristics
S.G. to separate acts from feelings or attitudes