131 notecards = 33 pages (4 cards per page)
Adenohypophysis is associated with which one of the following glands?
An adult patient who complains of being sleepy and less alert and having slow heart rate and reduced endurance may be suffering from which one of the following conditions?
Diuretics cause the elimination of excess fluid by preventing the reabsorption of which one of the following elements?
Drugs that relieve symptoms of a condition but do not cure it are:
Epinephrine is combined with local anesthetics to:
Prolong the effects of local anesthesia.
Hormones made of short chains of amino acids are called __________ hormones.
Hormones produced by the cortex of adrenal glands are collectively called:
Hormones produced by the medulla of the adrenal glands are collectively called:
Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL) is which type of diuretic medication?
Nonsteroidal hormones are synthesized from:
Oxytocin is available under which trade name?
Potassium-sparing diuretics are commonly used to treat which one of the following conditions?
Steroidal hormones are derived from:
Steroidal hormones that promote male characteristics are:
The body's failure to respond to the action of insulin on target cells ...
Type II diabetes
The definition of a diuretic medication is an agent that prevents the reabsorption of sodium and water by which one of the following organs?
The diuretic medication that draws fluid out of tissues and into the circulatory system is called:
The exocrine pancreas is the primary source for all of the following digestive enzymes except:
The fight-or-flight response to stress is initiated by:
The pituitary gland has a role in all of the following body functions except:
Production of insulin
The trade or brand name for furosemide is:
The trade or brand name for mannitol is:
What cardiac condition requires treatment with diuretics?
Congestive heart failure
What is the generic name for Pitressin?
Which concentration of epinephrine is for topical use only?
Which diuretic is contraindicated in patients with hypertension?
Which electrolyte may be seriously depleted in patients taking certain diuretics?
Which group of hormones is used to reduce the postoperative inflammatory response?
Which mineralocorticoid maintains hemostatic levels of sodium in the blood?
Which one of the following endocrine disorders may be treated surgically?
Which one of the following glands has both endocrine and exocrine functions?
Which one of the following glands is called the master gland?
Which one of the following glands secretes oxytocin?
Which one of the following hormones helps control calcium and phosphate levels in the blood?
Which one of the following hormones is given for palliative treatment of metastatic breast cancer?
Which one of the following hormones is given for palliative treatment of androgen-dependent prostate cancer?
Which one of the following hormones is necessary for the stimulation of uterine contractions during labor and delivery?
Which one of the following hormones is not a catecholamine?
Which one of the following hormones is used with local anesthetic medications?
Which one of the following is an ovarian hormone?
Which one of the following is classified as a high-ceiling diuretic medication and is used to decrease intracranial pressure?
Which one of the following is considered the simplest form of hormones?
Which one of the following is not a function of hormones?
Production of histamine (H2) receptor antagonists to bind to target cells
Which one of the following is the generic name for Decadron?
Which one of the following is the generic name for Solu-Medrol?
Which one of the following medications is a loop diuretic?
Which one of the following medications is given to stabilize fluid balance in patients with diabetes insipidus?
Which one of the following medications may be injected directly into the uterine muscle after a cesarean section?
Which one of the following pancreatic hormones stimulates the liver to break down glycogen into glucose to increase the blood sugar level?
Which one of the following pancreatic hormones stimulates the liver to form glycogen from glucose to lower the blood sugar level?
Which one of the following types of diuretic medications is prescribed in the treatment of glaucoma?
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
Ophthalmic lubricants are generally used to:
Prevent corneal abrasions while the patient is under general anesthesia
Anterior and posterior chambers are separated by the:
Steroid anti-inflammatory drugs are used in ophthalmology to:
Suppress inflammatory response to trauma
Microfibrillar collagen hemostat is derived from:
Bovine corium collagen
Anticoagulants are used for any of the following reasons except:
To dissolve blood clots causing a myocardial infarction
The dense, white, fibrous connective tissue that coats the entire globe of the eye is called the:a.Retina
Which one of the following medications should be reconstituted immediately before use?
Phenylephrine is the generic name for:
Why is topical application the most common method of administering anesthesia for eye surgery?
Eye procedures do not require systemic anesthesia.
Drugs that constrict the pupil by stimulating the iris muscle are called:
Which solution may be used as an irrigation solution at the sterile field during an atrioventricular (AV) fistula insertion?
5000 units heparin in 1000 mL saline
Thick, gelatinous substances that are injected into the eye to keep the chamber expanded or to replace vitreous humor are:
The formation or presence of a blood clot within the vascular system is termed:
Which one of the following is the nervous layer of the eye?
Hemostatic agents are effective against major arterial or venous bleeding.
Phacoemulsification and extracapsular cataract extraction techniques have made which one of the following drugs obsolete?
The posterior cavity of the globe is filled with:
Which one of the following drugs is used to reverse the effect of heparin?
Which one of the following is not a viscoelastic agent?
Which group of ophthalmic drugs dilates the pupil?
5% ophthalmic solution of tetracaine is known by which trade name?
Which one of the following is a form of oxidized regenerated cellulose?
Avitene microfibrillar collagen hemostat (MCH)
What is the duration of heparin (in hours)?
2 to 4
Avitene must be applied with a __________ instrument.
What types of hemostatics are used on areas of capillary bleeding?
All of the following are topical hemostatics except:
Which one of the following hemostatic agents should be used immediately after it is reconstituted?
Which one of the following hemostatic agents promotes platelet aggregation leading to clot formation?
Calcium and vitamin K play vital roles in the process of clot formation.
What is the effect of cycloplegic drugs?
Which one of the following agents dissolves blood clots?
Which one of the following procedures is performed to remove a blood clot?
Intravenous administration of _________ is associated with anaphylactic reactions and should not be attempted unless no other venue is available.
Which one of the following focuses the image onto the retina?
Which one of the following is a microfibrillar collagen?
Drugs that promote clot formation are termed:
Which of the following is not a form of absorbable gelatin?
Agents that dissolve already formed clots are called:
Heparin is measured in:
Which one of the following hemostatic agents creates a mechanical barrier to control bleeding?
Which one of the following causes a chemical burn to stop capillary bleeding?
Anterior and posterior cavities of the eye are separated by the:
Which group of drugs is given intravenously to dissolve existing blood clots?
BSS is an example of which ophthalmic drug category?
Which one of the following is not a thrombolytic drug?
Bone wax is used primarily in which one of the following surgical specialties?
Which form of anticoagulant is used for long-term management of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
The vitreous humor of the eye does not:
Which one of the following agents is a chemical hemostatic?
Which of the following is not a form of absorbable collagen sponge?
Long-term treatment of glaucoma may include any one of the following groups of drugs except:
Osmotic diuretic medications
The mucous membrane layer that covers the inside of the eyelids, as well as the anterior surface of the globe of the eye, is known as the:
Aqueous humor is a fluid secreted by the:
Chronic open-angle glaucoma results from a blockage of the:
Proteins used in eye surgery that act as catalysts to speed up chemical reactions are called:
What is the onset of Coumadin (in hours)?
12 to 72
Which one of the following hemostatic agents causes adhesion formation if it comes in contact with nonbleeding tissues?
Which one of the following agents is a thrombolytic?
Which one of the following is mixed with injectable local anesthetic agents to increase its rate of diffusion through tissues?
An ophthalmic ointment that is made of tobramycin and dexamethasone is marketed under what trade name?
Which one of the following is not an oral anticoagulant?
The anterior chamber of the eye is filled with:
The antidote for heparin is which one of the following?
Agents that inhibit the process of blood clot formation are called:
Which one of the following parenteral anticoagulants is used most often?
Which is not a topical hemostatic?
Which one of the following hemostatic agents may be used dry or moist and is available in film, powder, and sponge forms?
5% ophthalmic solution of proparacaine is known by which trade name?
Ophthalmic dyes are used to accomplish each of the following except:
Observe flow of vitreous humor
The clear, nonvascular fibrous tissue that covers the front of the eye to allow light into the eye is known as the:
What is the duration of Coumadin?
5 to 7 days
Which vitamin serves a vital role in coagulation?
Which group of drugs interferes with the transmission of pain impulses to the brain?
Which one of the following is used to correct deficiencies in the natural clotting mechanism and may be administered preoperatively or intraoperatively?
What is the generic name for Coumadin?
What is the onset of heparin (in minutes)?
Increased intraocular pressure is a characteristic of which one of the following diseases?
Which one of the following is a systemic anticoagulant?
Which group of ophthalmic drugs is used in the short-term treatment of glaucoma?
Neomycin combined with polymyxin and bacitracin is marketed as which one of the following?