25 notecards = 7 pages (4 cards per page)
A 17-year-old college-bound student receives a vaccine against an
organism that causes meningitis. This is an example of
A disease that is native to a particular region is called
After suffering a heart attack, a middle-aged man is counseled to
take a cholesterol-lowering medication. This is an example of
Aldosterone may increase during stress, leading to (Select all that
decreased urinary output.
increased sodium retention.
increased blood volume.
All the following stress-induced hormones increase blood glucose
An obese but otherwise healthy teen is given a prescription for a
low-calorie diet and exercise program. This is an example of
A patient has been exposed to meningococcal meningitis, but is not
yet demonstrating signs of this disease. This stage of illness is
called the _____ stage.
A patient with high blood pressure who is otherwise healthy is
counseled to restrict sodium intake. This is an example of
Chronic activation of stress hormones can lead to (Select all that
C.Q. was recently exposed to group A hemolytic Streptococcus and
subsequently developed a pharyngeal infection. His clinic examination
reveals an oral temperature of 102.3°F, skin rash, dysphagia, and
reddened throat mucosa with multiple pustules. He complains of sore
throat, malaise, and joint stiffness. A throat culture is positive for
Streptococcus, and antibiotics have been prescribed. The etiology of
C.Q.’s disease is
Events which occur during the alarm stage of the stress response
include secretion of (Select all that apply.)
Indicators that an individual is experiencing high stress include all
the following except
In general, with aging, organ size and function
Many of the responses to stress are attributed to activation of the
sympathetic nervous system and are mediated by
Persistence of the alarm stage will ultimately result in
permanent damage and death.
Selye’s three phases of the stress response include all the following
Socioeconomic factors influence disease development because of
(Select all that apply.)
The effect of stress on the immune system
may involve enhancement or impairment the immune system.
The effects of excessive cortisol production include
The nurse is swabbing a patient’s throat to test for streptococcal
pharyngitis. The nurse must understand that tests such as this differ
in the probability that they will be positive for a condition when
applied to a person with the condition; this probability is termed
The primary adaptive purpose of the substances produced in the alarm
energy and repair.
The stage during which the patient functions normally, although the
disease processes are well established, is referred to as
When the cause is unknown, a condition is said to be idiopathic
Which is not normally secreted in response to stress?
Your patient’s red blood cell is slightly elevated today. This might
be explained by (Select all that apply.)