45 notecards = 12 pages (4 cards per page)
publics belief in its ability to influence government and politics
freedom from governmental control
quality of states being equal
government by the people; the form in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system
system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on governmental power
systems of rule in which government recognizes no formal power limits but may be restrained by the power of other social institutions.
Systems of rule in which the gov’t recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other institutions that challenge it.
systems that permit citizens to play a big part of governmental process
governments in which small groups makes most of governing decisions
government in which one individual rules.
led by daniel shay in 1817 winter, and stopped foreclosure of farmers lands
slaves will count as 3/5th of a person.
the government may not impose religion on anyone
free exercise clause
congress shall make no law prohibiting the free exercise of religion.
elected by the president. Created by the judicial branch, the final judge in all cases involving laws of Congress, and the highest law of all the Constitution.
the power of the courts to declare actions of the legislative and executive branches null and void; or unconstitutional.
the national government shares power with lower levels of gov.
congress powers - Collect taxes and borrow money, Regulate commerce, Maintain an army and a navy, Declare war
the powers not delegated to the national government or prohibited to the states are “reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.”
powers both national and state government cant have
powers shared by both state and gov.
bill of rights
Concession by the Federalists to the Antifederalists. 10 amendments approved. ratified on december 15, 1971
American courts have applied portions of the U.S. Bill of Rights to the states.
Jim Crow Laws
laws enacted by southern states following Reconstruction that discriminated against African Americans.
a court hears and determines what happens in civil lawsuit, criminal or administrative proceedings.
mayflower compact symbols
general good, justice, deliberation.
the legislative branch: the US congress makes laws for America.
the executive branch: carryout of laws made by congress
the judicial branch: determines whether power belongs to the government or states.
“full faith and credit”: states have the power to make and carry out their own laws.
the amending process: new amendment can be added with 2/3rd house votes and 3/4th states.
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly.
right to bear arms
rights of the criminally accused
reserved powers (state)
Reconstruction amendments - abolish slavery, citizenship, etc.
election of senators by popular vote
extended vote to women on august 18, 1920
fundamental orders of the constitution
created a government (public state, common wealth)`
the new jersey plan
compromise b/w anti-nationists and state equality nationalist. each state would receive one vote.
Establishes a real Nat’l gov’t. Representation in both houses based on population or taxation
agreement between large and small states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.proposed a bicameral legislature, resulting in the current United States Senate and House of Representatives.
to revise the Articles of Confederation. Met in Philadelphia in May 17, 1787
articles of confederation
Adopted in 1777, First U.S. written constitution. The Articles adopted a model of a confederation. Execution of laws was left to individual states. Ratified on march 1, 1781
US political culture
Widely shared set of beliefs and values concerning the relationship of citizens to their government. ex: liberty, equality, unity, diversity, etc.