60 notecards = 15 pages (4 cards per page)
obtain food by engulfing or ingesting smaller microorganisms
insects and similar organisms
study of bacteria
study of algae
study of fungi
study of protozoa
study of parasites
study of viruses
the study of chemical reactions that occur in microbes
the study of transmission and action of genetic information in microorganisms
the study of relationships of microbes with each other and with the environment
the study of how host organisms defend themselves against microbial infection
the study of the frequency and distribution of diseases
the study of causes of disease
the study of how to control the spread of nosocomial or hospital-acquired, infections
the study of the development and use of chemical substances to treat diseases
the study of how to protect humans from disease organisms in fresh and preserved foods
food and beverage technology
the study of how to maintain safe drinking water, dispose of wastes, and control environmental pollution
the study of how to apply knowledge of mircroorganisms to the manufacture of fermented foods and other products of microorganisms
the study of how to manufacture antibiotics, vaccines, and other health products
the study of how to use microorganisms to synthesize products useful to humans
was a popular item to give to babies years ago because it was also considered antimicrobial
What viruses is spread by the urine and/or droppings of rats that has no cure?
Haunta Virus (Y aseminite)
What could people tell from the pineyon pinenut in relationshion to disease years ago?
When more pinyeon pinenuts would show up it meant that there was a rise in humidity in the area, which also meant that the rodents would be out more, more than likely spreading diseases.
How often do scientists believe that a plague occures?
What plague would cause people to turn black where the virus entered the body at because the blood would clot there?
This plague was also known as the black death
Rod shaped virus that can be treated with antibiotics
Scientist believe that how many cases of Versinia Pestis occur each year?
Where is the main parts of the world that the plague still exists
Madagascar and the four coroners of the United States
Why do rodents that carry the plague never get sick?
because they are resevoirs, which means they are where the microbe can persist
built many microscopes; credited with the first sketching drawings of microbes
discovered cells and named them
How did Robert Hooke come up with the name cells?
He looked at plant material and said that it looked like little rooms which were at the time referred to as cells
known for proposing the cell theory
Schliden & Schwann
What does the cell theory state?
cells are the fundamental untis of life and carry out all the basic functions of living things
credited with giving the first innoculation?
man that proved once an individual was infected with cow pox (mild) the same individual could not get small pox (severe)
What contribution to microbiology is Lister known for?
initiating the use of dilute carbonic acid on bandages and instruments to reduce infection
What is the Human Genome Project's purpose?
to identify the location and chemical sequence of all the genes in the human genome (all the genetic material in the human species)
What is a microbe?
lacks a nucleus
single-celled, multicellular microorganism that can either be microscopic or macroscopic
What is AIDS caused by?
In the mis-fourteenth century, bubonic plague claimed approximately how many lives?
Who used swan-necked flasks to disprove the theory of spontaneous generation?
Louis Pasteur first created the pasteurization process to improve the quality of what beverage?
Who is credited with developing the techniques for pure culturing?
Robeert Koch won the Nobel peace Prize for his work on what?
The successful smallpox vaccine used material from what type of lesions?
The process of using microorganisms to clean up environmetnal pollution is called what?
The theory that life can arise form non-living things was called what?
Cultures that only contain one kind of organism are called what?
Elie Metchnikoff found that what type of cell of the body can ingest microbes?
Paul Ehrlich discovered what drug used to treat syphilis?
In 1952, Hershey and chase determined that the genetic material in viruses is what?
Lysozyme is an enzyme with what properties?
The Human Genome Project has identified how many genes in the human genome?