45 notecards = 12 pages (4 cards per page)
1-Which is not a function of the respiratory system?
2-The main function of serous fluid is to:
3-Foreign particles that are not filtered out by the respiratory
4-The lungs remain inflated because:
5-Organize the items listed into the proper sequence of events for
6-Which answer places the following events in proper order for
7-According to Boyle's law, the pressure of a gas _________ if the
volume of its container increases.
8-The reason air flows out of the body during expiration is that
during that time:
9-The involuntary, rhythmic activities that deliver and remove
respiratory gases are regulated in the:
10-At rest, a normal person breathes about _____ times per minute.
11-Also known as the pneumotaxic center, this area allows for smooth
transitions between inspiration and
12-When central chemoreceptors detect a drop in the pH of the
13-The carotid bodies contain _________ chemoreceptors that respond
to changes in
14-Breathing muscles such as the diaphragm are controlled by neurons
of the _________ nervous system.
15-Which type of receptor initiates the inhalation reflex (or
16-Following an automobile accident, a broken rib penetrates into the
pleural cavity causing air to
17-Airflow is ________ related to the pressure gradient and
__________ related to resistance.
18-Histamine release results in increased airway resistance and decreased airflow
19-If all else remains equal, an increase in the difference between
atmospheric and alveolar pressure
21-During expiration, relaxation of the diaphragm and external
22-wo individuals of the same size (same dead space) have a pulmonary
ventilation rate of 6 L/min,
23-The amount of air that can be forcibly inhaled after a normal
inspiration is the:
24-Airway obstruction can lead to hypoventilation, which can cause:
25-What changes in the blood levels of respiratory gases result from
26-When someone begins to hyperventilate the increased movements of
their respiratory muscles
27-When someone exercises vigorously, their breathing is described as
28- By following Boyle’s law, air flows from a region of lower
pressure (the atmosphere) into a region of
29-About 70% of the CO2 that diffuses into systemic capillaries:
30-Approximately what percent of the oxygen is blood is transported
by the hemoglobin of erythrocytes?
31-Which statement accurately describes alveolar and systemic gas
32-The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air in the
alveoli and blood in the lungs is
33-Compared to its partial pressure at sea level, what would be the
partial pressure of oxygen at an
34-Maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) is the greatest amount of air
that can be:
35-Which of the following is NOT part of the filtration
36-The composition of the filtrate is based primarily on
37- Which of the following does NOT normally appear in the
38-The layer of the filtration membrane that is LEAST permeable is
39- The filtration fraction averages what percentage of the plasma
that enters the glomerulus?
40-Which of the following does NOT increase renin release?
41. Angiotensin-I is converted into angiotensin-II in the
42- Angiotensin-II does NOT
44. Angiotensin-converting enzyme
45-The distal tubule and collecting duct