19 notecards = 5 pages (4 cards per page)
carry genetic information
three parts of a nucleotide
5 C, phosphate group, and N base
high energy molecule made from nucleic acids with two extra phosphate groups
sugar in DNA
sugar in RNA
How many strands in DNA?
How many strands in RNA?
In DNA Adenine pairs with what?
thymine using 2 hydrogen bonds
In DNA Guanine pairs with what?
cytosine using 3 hydrogen bonds
What are purines?
Adenine and Guanine because they have 2 rings.
ATP is not a nucleic acid but is related because...
it is a modified nucleotide (deoxyribose-sugar, nitrogen base and 3 phosphate groups
What happens when the 3rd phosphate group is removed from ATP?
energy is released
What is a double helix?
Overall structure of DNA
a molecule passed from parent to offspring
What do nucleic acids and proteins have in common?
They are large polymers
What is the most important function of nucleic acids?
storing information related to heredity and protein synthesis
When does ATP release energy?
When a phosphate group is removed from it.