38 notecards = 10 pages (4 cards per page)
group of genes transcribed into one mRNA
site to which repressor binds.
can diffuse through the cytoplasms and act at target DNA sites on any DNA molecule in the cell.
Can influence only the expression of adjacent genes on the same DNA molecule.
Often fused to regulatory regions of genes whose expression is being monitored.
bind to enhancers (prevent transcription initiation)
site of DNA methylation.
organizes enhancer/promoter interactions (DNA that forms loop from chromatin).
activates gene transcription temporal and tissue specifically.
bind to promoters.
gene transferred by a scientist into an organism's genome
synthetic restriction enzyme
loss-of-function mutant through gene targeting.
plant or animal that carries a transgene
genome editing technology ( Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)
Green fluorescent protein
a tag used to follow proteins in living cells.
individuals with cells of more than one genotype.
divide the body into identical units (segments) .
assign identity to body segments.
substance whose concentration determines cell fates.
control progress in the cell cycle in response to DNA damage.
Growth Factor receptor
Protein that binds a hormone
mutations in these genes are dominant for cancer formation.
Programmed cell death.
cyclin-dependent protein kinases
cell cycle enzymes that phosphorylate proteins.
mutations in these genes are recessive at cellular levels for cancer formation.
ability to survive and reproduce.
chance fluctuations in allele frequency
collection of alleles carried by all members of a population.
who begat whom. two biological parents, four grandparents, 8 great grandparents and so on....... This is a set number as long as they weren't related.
intelligence or personality. influenced by many factors, including multiple genes , environment.
broad sense heritability
genetic variation/ phenotypic variance
narrow sense heritability
proportion of total variance due specifically to variance of the additive genetic component. VA/Vp=h^2
genetic variance/component of overall genetic variance.
proportion of total phenotypic variance attributed to genetic variance.
genes contributing to complex traits. (Quantitative trait loci)
nearly isogenic lines. first step in fine mapping procedures.