22 notecards = 6 pages (4 cards per page)
Freud believed that we may block from consciousness the thoughts, wishes, feelings, or memories that are unbearably painful of unacceptable. He called this unconscious process
According to Freud’s view of personality structure, the “executive” system, the _____, seeks to gratify the impulses of the _____ in more acceptable ways.
Freud proposed that the development of the “voice of conscience” is related to the _____, which internalizes ideals and provides standards for judgement.
According to the psychoanalytic view of development, we all pass through a series of psychosexual stages, such as oral, anal, and phallic stages. Conflicts unresolved at any of these stages may lead to
Freud believed that all defense mechanisms disort or disguise reality, and all are
Projective tests ask test-takers to respond to an ambiguous stimulus, for example, by describing it or telling a story about it. The creator of the well-known projective test that uses inkblots as stimuli was
In general, neo-Freudians such as Adler and Horney accepted many of Freud’s views but placed more emphasis on
Psychodynamic theorists and therapists tend to reject Freud’s view that sex is the basis of personality. But they would agree with Freud about
Which of the following is not part of the COMTEMPORARY view of the unconscious?
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposes that we must satisfy basic physiological and psychological needs before we seek self-actualization. Maslow based his ideas on
The total acceptance Rogers advocated as part of a growth-promoting environment is called
Trait theory describes personality in terms of characteristic behavior patterns, or traits, such as agreeableness or extraversion. A pioneering trait theorist was
13.Personality inventories are long questionnaires that ask people to report their characteristic feelings and behaviors. One famous personality inventory is the
Which of the following is NOT one of the Big Five personality factors
People’s scores on personality tests are only mildly predictive of their behavior. Such tests best predict
The social-cognitive perspective proposes that interacting with our environment involves reciprocal determinism, or mutual influences among personal factors, environmental factors, and behavior. An example of an environmental factor is
When elderly patients take an active part in managing their own care and surroundings, their morale and health tend to improve. Such findings indicate that people do better when they experience
Seligman’s research showed that a dog will respond with learned helplessness if it has received repeated shocks and has had
Critics say that _____ personality theory is very sensitive to the way people interact with particular situations, but it says little about their enduring traits
The spotlight effect is our tendency to
Researchers have found that low self-esteem tends to be linked with life problems. How should this link be interpreted?
People tend to accept responsibility for their successes of good qualities and blame circumstances or luck for their failures. This is an example of