21 notecards = 6 pages (4 cards per page)
also known as reduction division. Type of cell division that occurs in sex cells to produce gametes with half the number of chromosomes.
egg and sperm
cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as the parent cells
cells that contain 2 copies of every type of chromosome (one set from your mom and one set from your dad)
structure that forms during Meiosis I when the homologous sister chromatids pair up
when homologous pairs of chromosomes swap genetic information
What is produced at the end of meiosis?
4 daughter cells with half the genetic info as the parent cells.
Each daughter cell is unique
formation of egg cells by meiosis in females (produces 1 egg cell and 3 polar bodies)
formation of sperm cells by meiosis in males. (creates 4 unique sperm)
a fertilized egg formed when egg and sperm join together to form a new diploid organism
structures on the ends of chromosomes that protect the DNA from unraveling (may contribute to aging)
chromosomes that contain the same types of information such as genes for hair color, height, eye color, etc.
typical body cells