65 notecards = 17 pages (4 cards per page)
When her professor failed to recognize that Judy had her hand raised for a question, Judy began to think her professor was unfriendly. Although she subsequently learned that the professor's limited vision kept him from seeing her raised hand, she continued thinking the professor was unfriendly. Judy's reaction best illustrates
When retested on WAIS, people’s second scores generally match their first scores quite closely. This indicates that the test has a high degree of
During a lecture, your professor says, "A child learns language as he interacts with caregivers." This generic use of the pronoun "he" is more likely to trigger images of males than of females. This best illustrates the impact of:
A)Language on thinking
Because he erroneously believes that older workers are not as motivated as younger workers to work hard, a factory foreman is especially vigilant for any signs of laziness among his senior workers. His supervision strategy best illustrates:
Prompt feedback regarding your performance on psychology practice tests is most likely to inhibit:
Which language theorist would have been most likely to emphasize that children master the rule for forming the past tense of regular verbs like “push” before they learn common past tense constructions of irregular verbs like “go”?
A defense attorney emphasizes to a jury that her client works full-time, supports his family, and enjoys leisure-time hobbies. Although none of this information is relevant to the trial, it is designed to make the defendant appear to be a typical member of the local community. The lawyer is most clearly seeking to take advantage of:
C)The representativeness heuristic
8.Which procedure is used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie people’s intelligence scores?
Vocal sounds that are not included in one’s native language first begin to disappear from usage during the ____ stage of language development.
When Phoebe strongly disagrees with her sister’s opinion, she effectively controls her own anger and responds with empathy to her sister’s frustration regarding their dispute. Her behavior best illustrates
In attempting to find and purchase high-quality cosmetics, Megan reminds herself that the most expensive brands are the best. Megan's self-reminder illustrates the use of:
An 8-year-old who responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency of an average 10-year-old was said to have an IQ of
Increasing years of schooling over the last half century have most likely contributed to
C)The Flynn effect
Pigeons can reliably discriminate pictures of cars from pictures of chairs. This best illustratres their capacity to develop
Women have been found to score lower on math tests when they are tested alongside men. This best illustrates the impact of
D) Stereotype threat
Exposure to language during a critical period is conducive for effectively establishing the settings of a child's:
D)Language acquisition device.
Managers who want to foster creativity in the workplace should try to increase the ________ of their employees.
Before publishing her test of musical aptitude, Professor Reed first administered the test to a representative sample of people. This was most clearly necessary for test:
Comparing the academic performance of those who score extremely low on intelligence tests with those whose scores are extremely high is an effective way to highlight the tests':
Stereotype threat is most likely to depress female students' performance on a difficult ________ test and to depress male students' performance on a difficult ________ test.
A)Math problem solving; verbal fluency
In her research, Professor Kyoto seeks to identify circumstances in which confirmation bias is especially likely to impede effective problem solving. Which specialty area does her research best represent?
Arnold had difficulty recognizing that bullfighting was a sport because it failed to resemble his ________ of a sport.
In attempting to solve difficult sexual assault cases, a police detective frequently reminds himself to focus investigative suspicion on the victims' friends and acquaintances. This strategy best illustrates the use of:
People are often unable to come up with the simple solutions to some of the three-jugs problems presented in the text because they repeat more complicated solutions that worked in the past. This best illustrates the dynamics of:
E)a mental set.
Brutus believes that men enjoy watching professional football and that women are categorically distinct from men. His gender stereotypes are so strong, however, that he mistakenly reasons from these premises the illogical conclusion that women do not enjoy watching professional football. His reasoning difficulty best illustrates:
Maintaining one's conceptions even after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited is known as:
The word “chimps” contains ________ phoneme(s) and ________ morpheme(s).
Adding -ed to the word “laugh” means that the action took place in the past. This illustrates one of the rules of English:
To simulate the learning of the statistical relationships among language terms, researchers are likely to make use of:
C)computer neural networks.
Your ability to recall which direction you turn the faucet handle in your bathroom in order to get cold water best illustrates the importance of:
C)thinking without language.
We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird.
Prototype is to category as ________ is to ________.
To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of:
Max is so used to thinking that a tough competitive style of behavior is the best way to impress others that he fails to recognize that the most effective way to impress his girlfriend is with cooperative tenderness. Max's oversight best illustrates:
Pablo vainly searches for a screwdriver while failing to recognize that a readily available coin in his pocket would turn the screw. His oversight best illustrates:
The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. This best illustrates the impact of:
E)the availability heuristic.
College students are more likely to judge a condom as effective when informed that it has a 95 percent success rate than when told it has a 5 percent failure rate. This best illustrates the impact of:
Professor Chadwick evaluated a graduate student's research proposal negatively simply because he had heard a rumor about the student's incompetence. When later informed that the rumor had been patently false, the professor's assessment of the student's research proposal remained almost as negative as ever. This best illustrates:
A computer program designed to process the information in a psychology textbook and correctly answer multiple-choice questions regarding the text contents illustrates an application of:
In the English language, adjectives are typically placed before nouns, as in “white house.” This illustrates a rule of English:
The two-word stage of language development typically begins at the age of ________ months.
42.The fact that children speak with an accent that is similar to their peers is best explained by ________ theory of language acquisition.
Learning a spoken language during childhood ________ the learning of sign language during adolescence. Learning sign language during childhood _______ the learning of a spoken language during adolescence.
Using different words for two very similar objects enables people to recognize conceptual distinctions between the objects. This illustrates:
When choosing who should retrieve food for them, humans prefer someone who has witnessed it being hidden. Chimps do not. This best illustrates that chimps have a more limited:
C)theory of mind.
Chimpanzees are capable of learning to:
D)do all of the above.
Syntax refers to the:
A)orderly arrangement of words into grammatically sensible sentences.
The principles of learning emphasized by behaviorists would be most helpful in explaining why children:
B)add new words to their vocabulary.
According to Chomsky, the fact that young children overgeneralize certain rules of grammatical structure suggests that:
A)language skills are not developed simply through the processes of imitation and reinforcement.
At 17 months of age, Julie says “wada” whenever she wants a drink of water. Julie is most likely in the ________ stage of language development.
Jahmal cites his cousin Luana's many car accidents as evidence that women are worse drivers than men. He overlooks the fact that his wife and three daughters have had far fewer car accidents than he and his two sons. Jahmal's prejudicial conclusion about women's driving skills best illustrates the effects of:
People more easily detect male prejudice against women than female prejudice against men because the former more closely resembles their ________ of prejudice.
Framing refers to:
A)the way in which a problem or issue is phrased or worded.
In the words “lightly,” “neatly,” and “shortly,” the “ly” ending is a(n):
Judging the likelihood that things fall into a certain category on the basis of how well they seem to match a particular prototype refers to the use of the:
A mental set is a:
C)tendency to approach a problem in a way that has been successful in the past.
57.Research on the language capabilities of apes indicates that they cannot:
D)grammatically order language symbols as well as most 3-year-old children.
To promote cognitive efficiency, concepts are typically organized into:
Jamilla systematically tried each successive key on her dad's key ring until she found the one that unlocked his office door. This best illustrates problem solving by means of:
Encouraging people to explain why their own personal views on an issue are correct is most likely to promote:
Business managers are more likely to track the career achievements of those they once hired than the accomplishments of those they once rejected. This best illustrates:
Most people take less time to identify a cow as a mammal than a mouse as a mammal because a cow more closely resembles their ________ of a mammal.
The tendency to conclude that a person who likes to read poetry is more likely to be a college professor of classics than a truck driver illustrates the use of:
A)the representativeness heuristic.
Professor Thompson's research activities involve the use of computers to simulate human decision-making strategies. Which specialty area does this research best represent?
Psychologists are most likely to question whether chimps have the capacity to:
A)infer another chimp's mental states.