53 notecards = 14 pages (4 cards per page)
Carl jung emphasized the importance of _____ in personality functioning.
B)The collective unconscious
Jaydon doesn't realize that his alcohol abuse and neglect of his family is leading to the destruction of both his family and career. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Jaydon shows signs of a:
Although she is intelligent and a good athlete, Abigail believes that her low grades in school and losing the quartermile racing record are reflections of her own intellectual and athletic incompetence. Her conclusions best illustrate a pessimistic:
Freud suggested that adults with a passive and submissive personality marked by a childlike dependency demonstrate signs of:
B)an oral fixation.
Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate:
Sarah's optimism is both a contributor to and a product of her successful career accomplishments. This best illustrates:
Bryce often acts so daring and overly confident that few people realize he is actually riddled with unconscious insecurity and self-doubt. Bryce best illustrates the use of a defense mechanism known as:
Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait?
During a phone call to the Psychic Network, Mark was told that “you often worry about things much more than you admit, even to your best friends.” Mark's amazement at the psychic's apparent understanding of his personality best illustrates:
D)the Barnum effect.
When Vanessa noticed that she was wearing mismatched socks, she overestimated the extent to which others would also notice. Her reaction best illustrates:
A)the spotlight effect.
One of the Big Five personality factors is:
Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contests depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates:
E)an external locus of control.
The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the ________ perspective.
In 1921, Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used ________ test.
Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of:
D)a positive self-concept.
Jaydon lacks any recognition that his alcohol abuse and neglect of his family is leading to the destruction of both family and career. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Jaydon shows signs of a:
Which personality test classifies people in terms of the personality dimensions highlighted by Carl Jung?
B)Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Displays of self-effacing humility are most characteristic of those who value:
Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of:
Although Alex has frequently been caught stealing money and other valuables from friends as well as strangers, he does not feel guilty or remorseful about robbing these people. Alex most clearly demonstrates:
D)a weak superego.
According to Freud, fixation refers to a difficulty in the process of:
Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbearing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Bonnie's reaction to her children illustrates:
Children who have witnessed a parent's murder report memories that most clearly challenge Freud's concept of:
According to Abraham Maslow, people are highly motivated to achieve self-actualization ________ they become concerned with their personal safety and ________ they become concerned with achieving self-esteem.
Who emphasized the importance of unconditional positive regard in healthy personality development?
Ectomorph is to endomorph as ________ is to ________.
A “lie scale” that assesses the extent to which a person is faking to make a good impression is included in the:
The temporal stability of personality during adulthood best illustrates the value of the ________ perspective.
Albert Bandura's social-cognitive perspective highlights the importance of:
After experiencing prolonged and seemingly inescapable physical abuse from her husband, Kayla became increasingly depressed and hopelessly resigned to her suffering. Her reaction best illustrates:
Most college students perceive themselves as less likely than their average classmate to develop drinking problems or drop out of school. This best illustrates:
Card players who attribute their wins to their own skill and their losses to bad luck best illustrate:
Defining one's identity in terms of one's extended family or work group is most closely associated with:
Most late adolescents perceive themselves as less vulnerable than their peers to the AIDS virus. This best illustrates:
Prior to his use of free association, Freud had encouraged patients to retrieve their forgotten memories by means of:
Which theory has been most severely criticized for offering after-the-fact explanations without advancing testable predictions?
Morris is hostile, aggressive, and socially destructive. According to Carl Rogers, this behavior pattern results from:
Carl Rogers emphasized the importance of:
B)unconditional positive regard.
Compared to those with an external locus of control, people who perceive an internal locus of control are:
C)likely to be academically successful.
Coping with anxiety by retreating to behavior patterns characteristic of an earlier, more infantile stage of development is called:
As her parents became increasingly more abusive toward her, Amity began, with apparent sincerity, to emphatically express her great admiration for her parents. Amity's behavior illustrates most clearly the defense mechanism of:
Which perspective most clearly emphasizes the interactive effects of internal personality dynamics and external environmental occurrences on human behavior?
order to identify a relatively small number of the most basic personality traits, trait theorists have used:
Psychoanalytic theory suggests that the ego disguises threatening impulses and reduces anxiety by means of:
Within the framework of Bandura's reciprocal determinism, an external locus of control refers to a(n): a) behavior.
C)d) cognitive factor.
People are most likely to react violently to an insult if they experience ________ self-esteem.
People who cheat on their taxes are especially likely to think many others do as well. This false consensus effect is most similar to Freud's concept of:
Paula expects that diligent study will enable her to earn good grades on her tests. Paula's belief best illustrates:
E)an internal locus of control.
Innovation and creativity are most likely to be appreciated in a culture that values:
In national surveys, most business executives say they are more ethical than their average counterpart. This best illustrates:
Projection refers to the process by which people:
B)disguise unacceptable, unconscious impulses by attributing them to others.
In convincing people that they can accurately assess their personalities, astrologers, palm readers, and graphologists take advantage of:
D)the Barnum effect.
When Professor McKay nervously began teaching a college class for the first time, he overestimated the extent to which his students would notice that he was anxious. His reaction best illustrates:
C)the spotlight effect.