Shoulder Complex Flashcards


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created 2 months ago by LetsGoooo
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1

How many degrees of freedom do the sternoclavicular joint has ?

3 degrees of freedom.

2

Scapulohumeral Rhythm

First 30 degree of UE elevation

For every 2 degree of GH Joint

2:1

3

Osteokinematics of Shoulder Girdle

Elevation/Depression

Protaction/ Retraction

Upward/ Downward Rotation

4

Force Couples Upward Rotation Scapula

Upper trapezius

lower trapezius

serratus anterior

5

Force couples Downward Rotation Scapula

Pectoral minor

Rhomboids

Levator Scapula

6

How many muscles are attached to the scapula?

16

7

Spine of scapula sits?

T3-T4

8

Inferior angle of scapula sits in ?

T7

9

What other name do the clavicle has?

Collar bone

10

Glenoid Labrum

Fibrocartilage ring

bicep brachii tendon long head attaches to superior lambrum

11

Bursa

Fluid sacs which create a smooth surface

Avoid too much friction

12

Osteokinematics of GH

Flexion

extension

IR

ER

ABD

ADD

Scaption: 30-40 degrees ant to frontal plane

13

Flexion Arthrokinematics GH

Spin with posterior glide

14

Extension Arthkinematics GH

Spin with anterior glide

15

IR Arthkinematics GH

Roll with posterior glide

16

ER Arthkinematics GH

Roll with anterior glide

17

ABD Arthkinematics GH

Roll with inferior glide

18

ADD Arthkinematics GH

Roll with superior glide

19

Rotator Cuff

SITS

Supraspinatus

infraspinatus

teres minor

subscapularis

20

Where do the brachial plexus pass by and at what level?

In between scalenes

C5-T1

21

When the scapula moves into a protracted position, it moves in what direction in relation to the spine?

It moves anteriorly and laterally in relationship with the spine

22

What structure has poor blood supply?

Cartilage

23

What structure is the toughest form of cartilage and shock absorber?

Fibrocartilage

24

How many bones in human body?

206

25

Long bones

Femur, humerus

26

Short bones

Tarsals and carpals

27

Flat bones

Sternum

ilium

scapula

28

Irregular bones

Vertebrate

29

Sesamoid bones

Patella

30

Isometric

Force produce but no change in length

31

Isotonic

Force produce and muscle length changes

32

Isokinetic

Speed is constant while resistant varies

33

Active insufficiency

Points at which a muscle shorten any further actively

34

Passive insufficiency

Point at which a muscle cannot be elongated any further

35

How many joint in the human body?

150 joints

36

Hinge synovial joint

Uniaxial - elbow

37

Pivot synovial joint

Uniaxial - forearm

38

Ellipsis synovial joint

Biaxial - wrist

39

Saddle synovial joint

Biaxial - CMC of thumb

40

Ball and socket synovial joint

Triaxial or multiaxial - hip and shoulder

41

Gliding synovial joints

Nonaxial - carpals of the wrist

42

Saggital plane, frontal axis

Flexion and extension

43

Frontal plane, saggital axis

Abduction and adduction

44

Transverse plane

Rotation

45

Closed kinetic chain

Distal joint remains fixed while proximal end moves

squat, pushup

46

Open kinetic chain

Distal end joint is free to move

47

First class lever

Cervical , axis located between the forces

48

Second class lever

Ankle plantar flexion

resistance located between force and axis

49

Third class lever

Force located between axis and resistance