chapter 31 Flashcards


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1

what do the spermatogenic cells of the seminiferous tubules begin the process of

sperm cell production

2

what does the vas deferens do

carry sperm cells from epididymis to urethra

3

what does the prostate gland produce

secretes milkey alkaline fluid into urethra just before ejaculation

4

the seminal vesicles secrete seminal fluid which is rich in what

sugars and prostaglandins which provides source of energy to sperm

5

what forms semen

mix of sperm cells and fluid from seminal vesicles

6

what is the primary organ of the male reproductive system

testes which produce sperm and testosterone

7

what is each lobule of the testes filled with

seminiferous tubules which are filled with spermatogenic cells

8

what is impotence

inability to maintain an erect penis long enough to complete sexual intercourse

9

what do the cowper's glands produce

mucus like fluid secreted into urethra before ejaculation

10

what are symptoms of prostate cancer

pain during urination and bowel movements

11

what is a sign of prostatitis

low sperm count

12

what is an early sign of testicular cancer

hard painless lump in one testicle

13

what do the ovaries produce

estrogen and progesterone (female hormones)

14

what is the fringed expanded end of the fallopian tube

the infundibulum which catches an ovum as it leaves the ovary

15

what is the vagina

tubular muscular organ that extends from the uterus to outside the body

16

what do the vestibular glands (bartholin's glands) secrete

mucus during sexual arousal to ease insertion

17

what does the clitoris contain

female erectile tissue which is rich in sensory nerves

18

when is early detection of cervical cancer typically found

during annual pap smear

19

what is dysmenorrhea

condition of experiencing severe menstrual cramps that limit daily activity

20

what is discharge from the nipples a sign of

breast cancer

21

what are fibroids

non cancerous tumors that grow in uterine wall

22

what may vulvovaginitis cause

abnormal increase or decrease in amount of vaginal discharge

23

why is ovarian cancer more deadly than other cancers

its signs and symptoms are usually mild until the disease has spread

24

what is cervicitis

inflammation of cervix usually caused by infection

25

what is endometriosis

condition where tissue that make up lining of uterus grows outside the uterus

26

what is chlamydial caused by

becterium chlamydia trachomatis and is most commonly reported STI

27

what implants in the endometrial wall of the uterus

morula after it travels down fallopian tube to uterus and invades to become a blastocyst

28

what is the embryonic period

from 2 weeks to 8 weeks of pregnancy

29

when is the fetal period

from 9 weeks to birth

30

what is cleavage

rapid cell division undergone by mitosis

31

what is the mesoderm

middle layer of embryo which gives connective tissue rise

32

what does the yolk sac make

new blood cells for the fetus

33

what is the amnion

protective fluid filled sac that surrounds embryo

34

what does the endoderm give rise to

epithelial tissues only

35

what does the ectoderm give rise to

nervous tissue and some epithelial tissue

36

what does the ductus venousus allow

most of the fetal blood to bypass the liver

37

where is the foramen ovale located

between right and left atrium during fetal development

38

what does the ductus arteriosus connect

pulmonary trunk and aorta

39

what do oral contraceptives include

low doses of estrogen or progesterone that prevent LH surge necessary for ovulation

40

what does an IUD prevent

blastocyst from implanting in uterus

41

what % of infertility if from male? Female? unknown?

35%

50%

15%

42

what can syphilis be cured by

intranuscular penicillin or antibiotics

43

what does a combined APGAR score of 7 indicate

that the baby may need medical support such as oxygen or physical stimulation