PSY 274 Exam 4

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1

When you ignore someone on purpose, you are engaging in _____________.

a. exclusion

b. rejection

c. ostracism

C

2

If your bae is paying more attention to their phone than to you, they are engaging in __________.

a. exclusion

b. rejection

c. ostracism

d. phubbing

D

3

Blatantly telling someone that they are unwanted is a form of this.

a. exclusion

b. rejection

c. ostracism

B

4

According to research, some of the reasons people engage in ____________ on social media, especially on Facebook, are for seeking attention from others and communicating.

a. posting

b. phubbing

c. liking

d. tagging

A

5

Deliberately keeping someone away from others is a form of _____________.

a. exclusion

b. rejection

c. ostracism

A

6

______________ phenomenon would suggest that the more related we are to someone, the more likely we are to help them.

a. Diffusion of responsibility

b. Inclusive fitness

c. Bystander effect

d. Pluralistic ignorance

B

7

The first step in helping is ____________.

a. interpreting it

b. taking responsibility

c. noticing someone

d. considering appropriate action

e. taking action

C

8

The second step in helping is ____________.

a. interpreting it

b. taking responsibility

c. noticing someone

d. considering appropriate action

e. taking action

A

9

The third step in helping is ____________.

a. interpreting it

b. taking responsibility

c. noticing someone

d. considering appropriate action

e. taking action

B

10

The fourth step in helping is ____________.

a. interpreting it

b. taking responsibility

c. noticing someone

d. considering appropriate action

e. taking action

D

11

The last step in helping is ____________.

a. interpreting it

b. taking responsibility

c. noticing someone

d. considering appropriate action

e. taking action

E

12

This phenomenon reflects our tendency to think that someone else (but not you) will help out in a situation.

a. Pluralistic ignorance

b. Inclusive fitness

c. Diffusion of responsibility

d. Bystander effect

C

13

This phenomenon reflects our tendency to forego helping when we are in a large group.

a. Pluralistic ignorance

b. Inclusive fitness

c. Diffusion of responsibility

d. Bystander effect

D

14

The arousal/cost-reward model of helping suggests that ______ levels of arousal predict helping.

a. high

b. low

A

15

This phenomenon reflects our tendency to not think anything is wrong if no one is doing anything.

a. Pluralistic ignorance

b. Inclusive fitness

c. Diffusion of responsibility

d. Bystander effect

A

16

What would reflect someone saying "nothing’s wrong, as no one’s doing anything”.

a. Pluralistic ignorance

b. Inclusive fitness

c. Diffusion of responsibility

d. Bystander effect

A

17

What would reflect someone saying “someone’s bound do something”.

a. Pluralistic ignorance

b. Inclusive fitness

c. Diffusion of responsibility

d. Bystander effect

C

18

Impulsive and thoughtless aggression is usually this type of aggression.

a. Instrumental

b. Hostile

B

19

Generally, thoughtful and planned aggression is usually this type of aggression.

a. Instrumental

b. Hostile

A

20

Aggression used to achieve goals is usually this type of aggression.

a. Instrumental

b. Hostile

A

21

Aggression motivated by anger is usually this type of aggression.

a. Instrumental

b. Hostile

B

22

Spreading rumors behind someone's back is a form of this aggression.

a. Indirect, Hostile

b. Direct, Hostile

c. Indirect, Instrumental

d. Direct, Instrumental

A

23

Aggression in competitive sports is usually this type of aggression.

a. Instrumental

b. Hostile

A

24

A person experiencing ______________ tends to believe that ambiguous cues from others are sings of hostility.

a.

b. hostile attribution bias

B

25

Punching someone is a form of this aggression.

a. Indirect, Hostile

b. Direct, Hostile

c. Indirect, Instrumental

d. Direct, Instrumental

B

26

Throwing a punch during a UFC match is a form of this aggression.

a. Indirect, Hostile

b. Direct, Hostile

c. Indirect, Instrumental

d. Direct, Instrumental

D

27

Messing with someone’s controller so they lose at Super Smash Bros is a form of this aggression.

a. Indirect, Hostile

b. Direct, Hostile

c. Indirect, Instrumental

d. Direct, Instrumental

C

28

Physical aggression is typically observed by __________.

a. men

b. women

A

29

Indirect aggression is typically observed by __________.

a. men

b. women

B

30

A group of general beliefs about a group's typical behavior is called ___________.

a. discrimination

b. prejudice

c. stereotypes

C

31

This phenomenon reflects negative beliefs about a social group's performance---the activation of these beliefs can hinder the performance of a group member on the task.

a. Stereotype threat

b. The contact hypothesis

c.

A

32

To fix deindividuation, we can do this. This also works to "cure" social loafing.

a.

b.

c.

d. Make the person's identity salient

D

33

This group phenomenon reflects the polarization of the group's attitude through routes such as little to no criticism of ideas.

a.

b.

c. Groupthink

d.

C

34

If you refuse to serve coffee to someone who is wearing a denim jacket because you believe that denim should only come in the form of pants, then you are engaging in this.

a. Discrimination

b. Prejudice

c. Stereotypes

A

35

Which modal DV reflects “I felt like an outsider”.

a. Belongingness

b. Self-esteem

c. Manipulation check

d. Control

e. Meaningful existence

A

36

Which modal DV reflects “I feel good about myself”.

a. Belongingness

b. Self-esteem

c. Manipulation check

d. Control

e. Meaningful existence

B

37

Which modal DV involves statistical results.

a. Belongingness

b. Self-esteem

c. Manipulation check

d. Control

e. Meaningful existence

C

38

Which modal DV reflects “I felt like I had control over the course of the interaction”.

a. Belongingness

b. Self-esteem

c. Manipulation check

d. Control

e. Meaningful existence

D

39

Which modal DV reflects “I felt nonexistent”.

a. Belongingness

b. Self-esteem

c. Manipulation check

d. Control

e. Meaningful existence

E

40

People with this "dark" trait have low self-control.

a. Narcissism

b. Psychopathy

c. Machs

d. Sadism

B

41

Which general criteria for helping involves from benefactor party to ≥ 1 beneficiary?

a. Interpersonal

b. Intentional

c. Socially defined

A

42

Which general criteria for helping benefits others more than the self?

a. Interpersonal

b. Intentional

c. Socially defined

B

43

Which general criteria for helping do we define what is and is not good?

a. Interpersonal

b. Intentional

c. Socially defined

C

44

Having negative attitudes towards a social group is ______________.

a. discrimination

b. prejudice

c. stereotypes

B

45

People with this "dark" trait enjoy other's pain.

a. Narcissism

b. Psychopathy

c. Machs

d. Sadism

D

46

People with this "dark" trait may have self-esteem that may be a little too high.

a. Narcissism

b. Psychopathy

c. Machs

d. Sadism

A

47

People with this "dark" trait may cheat, lie, and betray to get their way.

a. Narcissism

b. Psychopathy

c. Machs

d. Sadism

C

48

People with this "dark" trait have a cynical view of human nature.

a. Narcissism

b. Psychopathy

c. Machs

d. Sadism

C