Vocabulary Measurement

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created 9 years ago by fmarlatt
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updated 8 years ago by fmarlatt
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1

area

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The amount of square units needed to cover a figure. The area of this shape is 6 square units.

2

centimeter

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A small unit of metric measurement. Benchmark: across your pinky nail
The abbreviation for centimeter is cm.

3

cup

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A cup is a small customary unit of liquid capacity. The milk cartons you buy in the cafeteria hold 1 cup of milk. The abbreviation for cup is c.

4

degrees

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units used to measure temperature
Celsius or Fahrenheit

5

estimate

A close guess of the actual value, usually with some thought or calculation involved.

6

foot

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A customary unit of measure for length.
12 inches = 1 foot
The abbreviation for foot is ft.

7

gallon

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A customary unit of measure for liquid capacity.
1 gallon = 4 quarts

8

gram

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A metric unit of mass. One sheet of paper = 1 gram.
The abbreviation for gram is g.

9

inch

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A customary unit of measure for length. 1 inch = from your knuckle to the end of your thumb.
The abbreviation for inch is in.

10

kilogram

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A metric unit of mass. 1 kilogram = the weight of 1 math book
The abbreviation for kilogram is kg

11

kilometer

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A large metric unit of length. 1 kilometer = 1000 meters
The abbreviation for kilometer is km

12

length

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the distance between 2 points, how long something is,
the distance from one end to the other

13

liter

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A metric unit of capacity. Pop comes in 2 liter bottles.
The abbreviation for liter is L.

14

meter

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A metric unit of length. 100 centimeters = 1 meter
It is about 1 meter from the floor to a door knob.
The abbreviation for meter is m.

15

mile

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A large customary unit of length. Miles are used to measure the distance between cities. The abbreviation for mile is m.

16

ounce

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An ounce is a small customary unit of weight. A key weighs about 1 ounce.
The abbreviation for ounce is oz.

17

perimeter

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The distance around the outside of a shape. Perimeter is measured in units. Add the lengths of all the sides to get the perimeter.

18

pounds

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A customary unit for weight. 1 pound is able the weight of a loaf of bread.
The abbreviation for pound is lb.

19

quart

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A customary measure for capacity. 1 quart = 2 pints
4 quarts = 1 gallon
The abbreviation for quart is qt.

20

volume
capacity

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The volume of a container measured in liquid units
Customary: cup, pint, quart, gallon
Metric: milliliter, liter

21

weight
mass

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How heavy an object is
Customary: ounces, pounds, tons
Metric: grams, kilograms

22

yard

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A customary unit of length. 1 yard = 3 feet or 36 inches
The abbreviation for yard is yd.

23

a.m.

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Is the half of the day from midnight to midday. What we call night and morning.
It comes from the Latin "Ante Meridiem"

24

p.m.

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Is the half of the day from Midday to Midnight.
What we call afternoon and evening.
It comes from the Latin "Post Meridiem" for "after midday".

25

elapsed time

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The amount of time between the beginning and the end of an event

26

pint

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A customary measure of liquid capacity. You would need to buy 2 cartons of milk in the cafeteria to get a pint of milk.
The abbreviation for pint is pt.

27

temperature

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28

balance scale

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set of scales used to measure weight

29

Celcius

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metric unit for measuring temperature

30

Fahrenheit

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customary unit for measuring temperature

31

quarter hour

15 minutes before or after the hour