Chapter 6 vocabulary
Refers to physical changes in size, such as gains in height and weight.
The gradual increase in skill and abilities that occurs over a life time. Relates to growth.
Involves advances in physical abilities.
Skills that depend on development of the larger muscles, including those in the arms, legs, back, and shoulders.
Skills that depend on development of the small muscles such as those in the hands and wrists.
Processes involving thought and knowledge.
The way people change and improve in their abilities to think and learn throughout life.
Includes the areas of relationships and feelings. Individuals must learn social skills and how to care about others.
Explanations formulated by researchers about why people act and behave the way they do and how they change over time.
A theory based on the belief that individuals’ behavior is determined by the forces in the environment that are beyond their control.
The theory that behaviors can be associated with responses.
When people tend to repeat behaviors that have a positive result or are reinforced.
Taking new knowledge and interacting with it by forming hypothesis, testing it, and making decisions on whether or not to add it to one’s learning.
Takes place when students actually experience and then reflect on their learning.
Steps that occur in a predictable and orderly manner.
The traits, abilities, skills, and tastes people are born with.
Includes past experiences, knowledge, and current reality.
Knowledge and mindful.
Sharing dialogue between a teacher and students so students can discover new learning for themselves.
Commendable moral qualities or traits such as kindness and honestly.