Chapter 6 vocabulary

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Vocabulary words from chapter 6
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1

Growth

Refers to physical changes in size, such as gains in height and weight.

2

Development

The gradual increase in skill and abilities that occurs over a life time. Relates to growth.

3

Physical development

Involves advances in physical abilities.

4

Gross-motto skills

Skills that depend on development of the larger muscles, including those in the arms, legs, back, and shoulders.

5

Fine-Motor Skills

Skills that depend on development of the small muscles such as those in the hands and wrists.

6

Cognition

Processes involving thought and knowledge.

7

Cognitive Development

The way people change and improve in their abilities to think and learn throughout life.

8

Social-Emotional Development

Includes the areas of relationships and feelings. Individuals must learn social skills and how to care about others.

9

Developmental Theories

Explanations formulated by researchers about why people act and behave the way they do and how they change over time.

10

Behaviorism

A theory based on the belief that individuals’ behavior is determined by the forces in the environment that are beyond their control.

11

Classical Conditions

The theory that behaviors can be associated with responses.

12

Operant conditioning

When people tend to repeat behaviors that have a positive result or are reinforced.

13

Constructivism

Taking new knowledge and interacting with it by forming hypothesis, testing it, and making decisions on whether or not to add it to one’s learning.

14

Experimental Learning

Takes place when students actually experience and then reflect on their learning.

15

Sequence

Steps that occur in a predictable and orderly manner.

16

Genetics

The traits, abilities, skills, and tastes people are born with.

17

Context

Includes past experiences, knowledge, and current reality.

18

Cognizant

Knowledge and mindful.

19

Social learning

Sharing dialogue between a teacher and students so students can discover new learning for themselves.

20

Virtue

Commendable moral qualities or traits such as kindness and honestly.