PSY 274 Exam 3

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1

A meta-analysis we discussed in class concluded that this type of similarity predicts liking better than does the other type of similarity.

a.

b. reciprocity of liking effect

c. perceived

d. self-expansion

C

2

The effect that reflects our tendency to like people who like us is called this.

a. self-expansion

b. reciprocity of liking effect

c. perceived

d. misattribution of arousal

B

3

This theory suggests that we form relationships in part to meet our motivation to expand our self-concept through things like obtaining novel experiences, skills, etc.

a.

b. reciprocity of liking effect

c. perceived

d. self-expansion

D

4

The classic "shaky bridge" study revealed that men who crossed a shaky (vs. sturdy) bridge were more likely to call a confederate. This study is a demonstration of which effect?

a. misattribution of arousal

b. reciprocity of liking

c. perceived

d. self-expansion

A

5

Due to differences in reproductive risk, it is this sex that is more selective of their mates.

a. Males

b. Females

B

6

Evolutionary theorists hypothesize that attractive traits such as symmetry reflect this, which can help an offspring cope with environmental pressures.

a.

b. sexual infidelity

c. genetic fitness

d.

C

7

On average, men tend to prefer the trait of ______ to a greater extent than do women, who prefer the trait of _____ to a greater extent than do men.

a. physical attractiveness; status/resources

b. status/resources; physical attractiveness

A

8

Paternal uncertainty is the notion that men cannot be fully guaranteed that the offspring they are raising is genetically theirs. Because of this risk, men would be more distressed by this type of infidelity than would women.

a. sexual infidelity

b. genetic fitness

c.

d.

A

9

Some research suggests that females' preferences in male traits shifts along with this biological process.

a. luteal cycle

b. menstruation cycle

c. follicular cycle

d. ovulatory cycle

D

10

This love style reflects the passion one may have for their lover.

a. agape

b. storage

c. eros

d. ludus

C

11

This love style reflects the belief that love grows from deep friendship.

a. agape

b. storage

c. eros

d. ludus

B

12

A person with this loves style may donate a lot of money to charity.

a. ludus

b. storage

c. eros

d. agape

D

13

A person with this love style may not necessarily be the most honest romantic partner.

a. ludus

b. storage

c. eros

d. agape

A

14

A person with this love style may very well ask for a genetic background when choosing a potential partner.

a. ludus

b. storage

c. pragma

d. agape

C

15

This type of love is what we often think of when we think of romantic love.

a.

b. passionate love

c.

d.

B

16

Sternberg's triangular theory of love suggests that there are three components to it. What are these components?

a. passion

b. intimacy

c. commitment

d. all the above

D

17

A person who is nervous about being abandoned probably has this attachment style.

a. secure

b. avoidant

c. anxious

d. fearful

C

18

A person with this attachment style will generally dislike intimacy, yet seek it at the same time.

a. secure

b. avoidant

c. anxious

d. fearful

D

19

A person with this attachment style may very well be hesitant on talking about their feelings.

a. secure

b. avoidant

c. anxious

d. fearful

B

20

Interdependence theory suggests that commitment is made up of three things. These things are what?

a. satisfaction

b. investment

c. attention to alternatives

d. all the above

D

21

People can take a number of routes to end their relationship. If a person asks another person to break up for them, then they are using this strategy.

a.

b. manipulation

c.

d.

B

22

People who are high in relationship satisfaction would generally use these two conflict resolution strategies the most.

a. voice and loyalty

b. exit and voice

c. loyalty and exit

d. voice and neglect

A

23

This phenomenon reflects the idea that partners in relationships help one another reach their ideal self.

a. Baxter's phenomenon

b.

c.

d. Michelangelo phenomenon

D

24

Long distance can increase all except...

a. idealization

b. romantic love

c. satisfaction

d. relationship reminiscence

C

25

Which conflict resolution strategy involves formal separation (break up)?

a. voice

b. exit

c. loyalty

d. neglect

B

26

Which conflict resolution strategy involves discussing problems & seeking help?

a. voice

b. exit

c. loyalty

d. neglect

A

27

Which conflict resolution strategy involves “giving it some time”?

a. voice

b. exit

c. loyalty

d. neglect

C

28

Which conflict resolution strategy involves ignoring conflict & partner?

a. voice

b. exit

c. loyalty

d. neglect

D

29

______________ is transforming motivation, feelings, etc from destructive to constructive.

a. Voie

b. Loyalty

c. Forgiving

d. Neglect

C

30

Forgiveness begins with ____________.

a. empathy

b. apology

c. forgiveness

d. conciliation behavior

B

31

_______________ leads to forgiveness.

a. Loyalty

b. Investment

c. Communication

d. Commitment

D

32

What form of jealousy would describe someone suspects that X may be attracted to someone else.

a. behavioral

b. cognitive

c. emotional

B

33

What form of jealousy would describe someone thinks x shows a great deal of interest or excitement in talking to someone of the opposite sex.

a. behavioral

b. cognitive

c. emotional

C

34

What form of jealousy would describe someone who look through X’s drawer’s, handbags, or pockets.

a. behavioral

b. cognitive

c. emotional

A

35

Which style of termination would someone devote more time to other people and activities?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

A

36

Which style of termination would someone avoid scheduling future meetings with their partner whenever possible?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

A

37

Which style of termination would someone give hints of their desire to break up to people who know the other person?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

B

38

Which style of termination would someone ask a third party to break the breakup news to my partner?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

B

39

Which style of termination would someone try to prevent their partner from having any ‘hard feelings’ about the disengagement?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

C

40

Which style of termination would someone avoid blaming their partner at all costs, even if their partner was to blame?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

C

41

Which style of termination would someone verbally explain to the person their reasons for desiring the disengagement?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

D

42

Which style of termination would someone honestly convey their wishes to their partner?

a. withdrawal

b. manipulation

c. positive tone

d. open confrontation

D

43

Which style of termination would be considered attachment avoidance?

a. withdrawal and manipulation

b. positive tone and attempt to leave the possibility to get back together open

A

44

Which style of termination would be considered attachment anxiety?

a. withdrawal and manipulation

b. positive tone and attempt to leave the possibility to get back together open

B

45

What leads to greater relationship stability?

a. investment

b. idealization

c. commitment

B

46

Which type of idealization involves viewing your partner in better light?

a. cognitive

b. behavioral

A

47

Which type of idealization usually occurs before being exposed to other’s everyday behavior?

a. cognitive

b. behavioral

B