History - Ch. 6 - A Glory by the Sea: Classical Greece pp. 133-144
[Gk: paidos; agogos – child; leader]
servants that made sure boys behaved in school
a pointed writing instrument used to scratch letters
wooden frame with beads used to teach math
a type of flute
someone who participates in sports
(Gk: philo; sophia)
lover of wisdom
(Gk: dia; legein – across; speak)
book written in the form of conversations
a method of study requiring careful observation and record keeping
What is this?
What is this?
a carefully tested idea
(Gk: amphi; theātron – both sides; seeing place)
an outdoor theater
a play meant to make the audience laugh and put them in a lighthearted mood
a play meant to make the audience think; ended in the downfall of a hero because a character flaw
the Greek god of music
nine goddess that presided over the arts
a poet that wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
philosopher, taught his students by asking questions that made them think; he believed that right thinking led to right actions
philosopher; Socrates’ pupil; wrote dialoges; believed that the spiritual world (a world of the mind and of ideas) was superior to the physical world
Plato’s pupil; science was the most important academic subject; is credited for the scientific method; taught that reason controls behavior
a mathematician who perfected the lever and compound pulley
[yoo-klid] – wrote the first geometry book
mathematician, studied geometry, developed a theorem about triangles; Pythagorean Theorem
a2 + b2 = c2
the first to draw the latitude and longitude lines on a map; calculated the circumference of the earth
suggested that the sun not the earth is the center of the universe
Father of Medicine
Father of History
latitude and longitude lines
T/F: The Greeks believed that music was the greatest of all the arts.
T/F: The Greeks were the first to hold the Olympic games.
T/F: The Olympic games were held in Olympia.
T/F: The winners of the Olympic games were given a garland of olive leaves to wear on their heads as a crown.
T/F: Much of what we know about the Greeks comes from their art.
T/F: Greeks actors used exaggerated costumes and larges masks for their acting.
T/F: Greek masks had small mouth pieces that acted like megaphones.
What was the Peloponnesian War?
The Peloponnesian War lasted from 431-404 B.C. 27 years.
During the Persian Wars some the city states allied with Athens against the Persians.
Sparta and its allies saw this alliance as a threat.
Sparta won the war but could not rule the quarreling democratic city states.
Who was Philip II of Macedonia?
In 338 B.C., Philip II of Macedonia took control of the weakened government.
Alexander the Great
When Philip died, his son Alexander took the throne; tutored by Aristotle; commanded the army at age twenty; extended his rule as far as India; spread the Greek culture, philosophy, inventions, teachings, and art where he conquered
What happened the Greek Empire after Alexander died?
After Alexander died, his four generals divided the empire among themselves.
Rome would eventually conquer them.
What was significant about the Greek Language?
The Greek language became the official language of the Greek Empire.
It brought a common language to the Western world and made it easier to communicate.
The written Greek language would become pave the way to the spread of the Gospel in a few centuries.
Mars Hill in Athens
Acts 17:16-32 Paul’s Sermon on the Areopagus [ar-ee-op-uh-guh s] or Mars Hill
As intelligent as the Greeks were, they still did not have God.