Where and when a story takes place
A person or animal in a story.
The events that make up a story.
Introduces main characters, setting, and conflict
The plot begins to build as the conflict devolps
The turning point of a story.
The events after the climax which focus on how the conflict is solved
The event that ties loose end together
A conclusion based on the text and what you already know
A struggle between opposing characters or opposing forces in a story
Problem -- Solution
Identifies at least one problem, offers one or more solutions to the problems, and explains the outcomes and the final result.
Cause and Effect
Explains why something happens (causes) and shows the results of something (effects)
Points out the similarities and/or diffrences; often uses a Venn Diagram
Enumerating or Listing
Presents material according to certain criteria such as size, location, importance, or relatedness.
Sequential or Chronological
Presents details in order in which they occur
Presents an explination or defintion of a concept, brings the reader to an understanding of an idea
Presents a judjment made about something in the world based on what the writer has read,seen, or experienced
Explains a process and tells the reader how complete a certain task step by step
General subject of a text
The topic and what the author wants to say about the topic (both types)
The ideas and examples that support the main idea
Explicit Main Idea
When the text states the main idea, usally the topic sentence.
Implicit Main Idea
When the text does not state the main idea.You have to infer the main idea from all of the information included in the text
Is how the author decribes ideas, events, objects
Is the deliberate use of certain to make sure the reader understands the message and purpose of a text.
Is the use of sensory words (words that cater to 5 senses sight, smell, taste, touch, and sound) to create an image in the reader's mind.
Is the main reason why he or she has written a text. There are 3 categories.
Persuade (Author's Purpose)
To convince a reader to believe or do something.
Inform (Author's Purpose)
To give informationand/or explain.
Entertain (Author's Purpose)
To provide an enjoyable story of poem.
The words mean exactly what they say
The use of words that go beyond their ordinary meanings. It requires you to use your imagination
A figure of speech comparing two diffrent things using the words like or as
A figure of speech comparing two diffrent things withot using the words like or as.
A word or words that imitate a sound
Giving human charcteristics to things that are not human
Figurative language where exaggeration is used for emphasis
Figuatve language using the repetition of consontant.
An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but must be learned as a whole.
Provides the definition, Spelling, pronunciation, syllables, part of speech.
Contains information on many subjects to include states, famous people, cities, animals, and objects
Contains the most up to date information on diffrent subjects weather reports, facts, statistics, current events, world records and reports and sports
A book of maps
A global computer network where informationcan be found by acceessing the web by by doing "search"
Prvides the synonyms and antonymys of many words.
A newspaper or magazine
An alphabetical list or names, subject, ect. with iinferences to the places where the occur, typically found at the end of the book
A list of difficult words found in a text with a definition
Added to the beginning of a root to create a new meaning.
The core of a word gives the main meaning.
Added to the end of the of a root ,change of the meaning or indicates the part of speech.
words, phrases, and sentences around a word that help readers discover the meaning of unfamiliar words.