Literary Terms

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created 10 months ago by ntitler
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1

Setting

Where and when a story takes place

2

Character

a person or animal in a story

3

Plot

the events that make up a story

4

Exposition

Introduces main characters, setting, and conflict

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rising action

the plot begins to build as the conflict develops

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climax

the turning point of a story

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falling action

the events after the climax which focus on how the conflict is solved

8

resolution

the event that ties loose ends together

9

inference

a conclusion based on the text and what you already know

10

conflict

a struggle between opposing characters or opposing forces in a story

11

problem-solution

identifies at least one problem, offers one or more solutions to the problems, and explains the outcomes and the final results

12

cause and effect

explains why something happens (causes) and shows the results of something (effects)

13

comparison / constrast

points out similarities and/or differences; often uses a Venn diagram

14

enumeration or listing

presents material according to certain criteria such as size, location, importance, or relatedness

15

sequential or chronological

presents details in the order in which they occur

16

concept/definition

presents an explanation or definition of a concept, brings the reader to an understanding of an idea

17

generalization

presents a judgment made about something in the world based on what the writer has read, seen, or experienced

18

process

explains a process and tells the reader how to complete a certain task step by step

19

topic

general subject of a text

20

main idea

the topic and what the author wants to say about the topic (both types)

21

supporting details

the ideas and examples that support the main idea

22

explicit main idea

when the text states the main idea, usually in the topic sentence

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implicit main idea

when the text does not state the main idea. You infer the main idea

24

author's craft

how the author describes ideas, events, objects, etc.

25

word choice

the deliberate use of certain words to make sure the reader understands the message and purpose of a text

26

imagery

the use of sensory words (words that cater to the 5 senses - sight, smell, taste, touch, and sound) to create an image in the reader's mind

27

author's purpose

the main reason why he or she has written a text

28

persuade (author's purpose)

to convince a reader to believe or do something

29

inform (author's purpose)

to give information and/or explain

30

entertain (author's purpose)

to provide an enjoyable story or poem

31

literal language

the words mean exactly what they say

32

figurative language

the use of words that go beyond their ordinary meanings

33

simile

A figure of speech comparing two different things using the words "like" or "as"

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metaphor

a figure of speech comparing two different things without using "like" or "as"

35

onomatopoeia

a word or words that imitate a sound

36

personification

giving human characteristics to things that are not human

37

hyperbole

figurative language where exaggeration is used for emphasis

38

alliteration

figurative language using the repetition of consonant sounds

39

idiom

an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but must be learned as a whole