Range of Movement/ Cranial movement

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created 2 years ago by Akosua_Ruby
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1

flexion

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the bending movement of a joint

  • knees, elbows, fingers, neck
2

extension

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the straightening or unbending a joint

  • knees, elbows, fingers, neck
3

dorsiflexion

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flexion in dorsal direction; flexion of the foot in an upward direction

  • feet
4

plantar flexion

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movement of the foot that flexes the foot or toes downward toward the sole

  • feet
5

abduction

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movement of a bone or joint away from the midline of the body

  • arms, legs
6

adduction

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movement of bone or joint back towards the midline of body

  • arms, legs
7

eversion

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the condition (as of the foot) of being turned or rotated outward. sole faces outward

  • feet
8

inversion

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the condition (as of the foot) of being turned or rotated inward. sole faces inward

  • feet
9

pronation

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rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards

  • hands, forearm
10

supination

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rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forward or upward and the radius lies parallel to the ulna

  • hands, forearm
11

internal rotation

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foot rolls inward

  • hips
12

external rotation

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foot rolls outward

  • hips
13

olfactory (1)

  • olfaction (smelling)
  • sensory
  • have patient identify familiar scents with eyes closed
14

optic (2)

  • visual acuity and visual fields
  • sensory
  • have patient read card of newspaper one eye at a time and then both
15

oculomotor (3)

  • eyelid elevation, extra-ocular movements, pupillary reaction
  • sensory and motor
  • assess pupillary response to light
16

trochlear (4)

  • superior oblique eye muscle (downward and inward eye movement)
  • sensory and motor
  • have patient look down and inward
17

trigeminal (5)

  • sensory for face and mouth; motor to muscles of mastication (chewing), cornea reflex
  • sensory and motor
  • have patient move jaw from side to side against resistance
18

abducens (6)

  • lateral rectus eye muscle (lateral eye movement)
  • sensory and motor
  • have patient move eye from side to side
19

facial (7)

  • muscles of facial expression, corneal reflexes, eyelid and lip closure, lacrimal and salivary glands
  • sensory and motor
  • have patient raise eyebrows
  • have patient frown
20

vestibulocochlear (8)

  • hearing and equilibrium
  • sensory
  • place a ticking watch near patient's ear and have patient identify sound
  • use a tuning fork
21

glossopharyngeal (9)

  • muscles of the pharynx for swallowing and gag reflex sensation, posterior third of tongue, and parotid salivary gland
  • sensory and motor
  • ask patient to swallow and speak
22

vagus (10)

  • motor portion of swallowing and gag reflex, phonation, sensations from visceral organs, and parasympathetic Motor regulation of visceral organs
  • sensory and motor
  • assess vocal quality
23

accessory (11)

  • muscles that move the head, neck, and shoulders
  • sensory and motor
  • have patient shrug shoulder and move head from side to side
24

hypoglossal (12)

  • muscles of the tongue, speech articulation
  • sensory and motor
  • have patient stick tongue out