the role of selected nutrients in wound healing

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created 2 years ago by Akosua_Ruby
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1

calories

  • fuel the cell energy "protein protection"
  • 30-35kcal/kg/day
2

proteins

  • fibroplasia, angiogenesis, collagen formation, and wound remodeling, immune function
  • 1.25-1.5g protein/kg body weight
3

vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

  • collagen synthesis, capillary wall integrity, fibroblast function, immunological function, antioxidant
  • 100mg/day
4

vitamin A

  • epithelization, wound closure, inflammatory response, angiogenesis, collagen formation
  • can reverse steroid effects on skin and delayed healing
  • 1600-2000 retinol equivalents per day
5

zinc

  • collagen formation, protein synthesis, cell membrane and host defenses
  • 15-30mg, correct deficiencies
  • no improvement in wound healing with supplement unless zinc is deficient
6

fluid

  • essential fluid environment for all cell function
  • 30-35ml/kg/day