AAP Lab Drost/Wiley Quiz 4, Part 1

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Skeleton
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1
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Label 1-6

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1- Skull

2- Thoracic Cage (ribs, sternum, and thoracic vertebrae)

3- Vertebral Column

4- Oscoxa

5- Cranium

6- Facial Bones

2
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Label 7-13

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7- Clavicle

8- Scapula

9- Sternum

10- Rib

11- Vertebra

12- Bones of Pectoral Girdle

13- Bones of Pelvic Girdle

3
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Label Sutures 1-4 (YELLOW)

Label Processes 1-6 (PURPLE)

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1- Coronal suture

2- Lamboidal Suture

3- Squamous Suture

4- Occipitomastiod Suture

_____________________________________________

1- Zygomatic Process

2- Mastoid Process

3- Styloid Process

4- Condylar Process

5- Alveolar Processes

6- Coronoid Process

4
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Label Bones 1-11 (BLUE)

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1- Parietal Bone

2- Temporal Bone

3- Occipital Bone

4- Frontal Bone

5- Sphenoid Bone (greater wing)

6- Ethmoid Bone

7- Lacrimal Bone

8- Nasal Bone

9- Zygomatic Bone

10- Maxilla

11- Mandible

5

Label Miscellaneous 1-7 (GREEN)

*No number 6- Labeling Mistake*

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1- External Acoustic Meatus

2- Mandibular Notch

3- Mandibular Ramus

4- Mandibular Angle

5- Lacrimal Fossa

6- NO SIX-mistake

7-Coronoid Process

6
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Label 1-16.

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1-Maxilla (palatine process)

2- Palatine bone (horizontal plate)

3- Hard plate

4- Zygomatic bone

5- Temporal bone (zygomatic process)

6- Volmer

7- Mandibular Fossa

8- Styloid process

9- Temporal bone (petrous part)

10- Mastoid process

11- Basilar part of the occipital bone

12- External occipital crest

13- Parietal bone

14- External occipital protuberance

15- Incisive fossa

16- Intermaxillary suture

7
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Label 17-32.

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17- Maxilla

18- Infraorbital forman

19- Median palatine suture

20- Sphenoid bone (greater wing)

21- Forman lacerum

22- Forman ovale

23- Forman spinosum

24- Carotid canal

25- External acoustic meatus

26- Stylomastoid foramen

27- Jugular foramen

28- Occipital condyle

29- Inferior nuchal line

30- Superior nuchal line

31- Foramen magnum

32- Occipital bone

8
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Name Vertebral Column A and the number of vertebra.

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Cervical curvature

7 vertebrae, C1-C7

C7 (vertebra prominens)

9
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Name Vertebral Column B and the number of vertebra.

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Thoracic curvature (convex)

12 vertebrae, T1-T12

T1 (Spinous process)- back

T4 (Transverse processes)- front and back

T12 (Intervertebral foramen)- back

10
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Name Vertebral Column C and the number of vertebra.

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Lumbar curvature (concave)

5 vertebrae, L1-L5

11
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Name Vertebral Column D and the number of vertebra.

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Sacral curvature (convex)

Sacrum- 5 fused vertebrae

12
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Name Vertebral Column E and the number of vertebra.

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Coccyx

4 fused vertebrae

13
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Name A-D.

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A- Lamina

B- Transverse process

C- Superior articular facet and process

D- Pedicle

14
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Name E-H

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E- Body (centrum)

F- Vertebral forman

G- Vertebral arch

H- Spinous process

15

Three types of cartilage found in the human body

hyaline

fibrocartilage

elastic

16

Cartilage contains no nerves or blood vessels and its surrounded by a covering of dense irregular connective tissue called __________.

Perichondrium

17

In embryos the skeleton is predominately made up of ___________ cartilage.

hyaline

18

Most common cartilage found in the body.

hyaline

19

Cartilage known for its flexibility

Elastic

20

Cartilage that provides strength and shock absorption

Fibrocartilage

21

Bone that is dense and made up of organizational units called osteons

Compact Bone

22

Bone composed of trabeculae (columns) of bone and lots of open space

Spongy Bone

23

Bones Classified into these FOUR groups

long

short

flat

irregular

24

Bones generally consisting of a shaft with heads at either end

Ex: femur, phalanges, humerus

Long Bones

25

Long bones are mostly composed of ___________ ________.

Compact Bone

26

Typically cube shaped and they contain more spongy bone and they contain more spongy bone than compact bone

Ex: tarsals and carpals

Short Bone

27

Generally thin with two waferlike layers of compact bone sandwiching a thicker layer of spongy bone between them

Ex: bones of the cranium, sternum

Flat Bones

28

Bones that do not fall into specific categories

Ex: vertebra

Irregular Bones

29

Cover the ends of most bones at movable joints

Hyaline: Articular Cartilage

30

Connect the ribs to the sternum

Hyaline: Costal Cartilage

31

Found in the larynx and other respiratory structures

Hyaline: Respiratory Cartilage

32

Support the external nose

Hyaline: Nasal Cartilage

33

Found in the external ear and the epiglottis (guardian of the airway)

Elastic Cartilage

34

Pads located between the vertebrae

Fibrocartilage: Intervertebral Discs

35

Pads located in the knee joint

Fibrocartilage: Menisci

36

Located where the hip bones join anteriorly

Fibrocartilage: Public Symphysis