CH 20 NCLEX PREP

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created 2 years ago by val0rie
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pharmacology
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1

Cholinergic (parasympathomimetic) drugs have which therapeutic effect?

Increased gastrointestinal (GI) motility

2

Cholinergic (parasympathomimetic) drugs are indicated for which situation?

To lower intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma

3

The nurse is performing postoperative teaching for a patient prescribed bethanechol (Urecholine). The patient is prescribed this drug for the treatment of which condition?

Urinary atony

4

What is an adverse effect of bethanechol (Urecholine)?

Headache

5

The nurse administering donepezil (Aricept) to a patient with Alzheimer’s disease understands this drug has which expected therapeutic action?

Increases levels of acetylcholine in the brain by blocking its breakdown

6

When providing teaching to a patient diagnosed with myasthenia gravis, which instruction regarding the administration of physostigmine (Antilirium) is MOSTappropriate?

Instruct the patient to take the medication 30 minutes before meals.

7

The health care provider prescribes donepezil (Aricept) for a patient. The patient states to the nurse, “I have no idea why I take this medication.” The nurse knows the administration of donepezil (Aricept) is MOST commonly associated with what condition?

Alzheimer's disease

8

The nurse is providing care for a patient with a tricyclic antidepressant overdose. The health care provider prescribes physostigmine (Antilirium) intravenously at 0.02 mg/kg repeated every 5 to 10 minutes to achieve the desired effect for the patient. The patient weighs 92 lb. What dose amount will the nurse administer every 5 to 10 minutes?

0.84 mg

9

The nurse is providing education to a patient on the primary uses of cholinergic drugs. Which uses would the nurse include in the teaching? (Select all that apply.)

Stimulate peristalsis
Stimulate bladder emptying
Decrease intraocular pressure