CH 13 NCLEX PREP
A child is prescribed methylphenidate (Ritalin) to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The parent expresses concern about using a controlled substance to treat ADHD and asks the nurse about using a noncontrolled substance. The nurse knows ADHD can be treated with which noncontrolled substance?
A patient diagnosed with narcolepsy is prescribed a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. Which statement best describes the action of CNS stimulants?
CNS stimulants increase release of and block reuptake of neurotransmitters.
The nurse explains to a patient that using caffeine may exacerbate which health condition?
Which instructions should the nurse discuss to reduce the gastrointestinal (GI) adverse effects of orlistat (Xenical)?
Limit dietary intake of fat.
Ergot alkaloids exert their therapeutic effect by which action?
A nurse working with patients who are diagnosed with ADHD is aware that such patients often take CNS stimulant drugs. These medications are potent with a high potential for abuse and dependence. Based on this potential, how are these medications classified?
The nurse is providing care for a neonate diagnosed with apnea of prematurity. The prescription by the health care provider is for caffeine citrate intravenously 5 mg/kg once daily. The infant's weight is 5.4 lb. What is the correct dosage to administer to the patient?
A patient with narcolepsy is prescribed methylphenidate (Ritalin). Which adverse effects should the nurse include in the teaching of this drug? (Select all that apply.)