Unit 1 Flashcards


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1

Music can be defined as

a. Sounds produced by musical instruments

b. Sounds that are pleasing, as opposed to noise

C. an art based on the organization of sounds in time

D. A system of symbols that performers learn to read

C. An art based on the organization of sounds in time

2

The four main properties of musical sounds are pitch, dynamics, tone color, and

A. Duration

B. Rhythm

C. Melody

D. Medium

A. Duration

3

Pitch is defined as

A. Degrees of loudness or softness in music

B. the quality that distinguishes musical sounds

C. The relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound

D, Leaning on a musical note

C. The relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound

4

The pitch of a sound is decided by the _____________ of its vibrations

A. amplitude

B. Timbre

C. Frequency

D. Dynamics

C. Frequency

5

The frequency of vibrations is measured in

A. cycles per minute

B.cycles per second

C.dynamic levels

D.Italian words.

B. Cycles per second

6

In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the __________ its pitch.

a. higher

b.softer

c.lower

d.louder

a. louder

7

A tone in music is a sound that

a. is pleasing to the ear

b. is produced by irregular vibrations

c. has an indefinite pitch

d. has definite pitch

d. has an definite pitch

8

The distance in pitch between any two tones is called

a. duration

b. dynamic accent

c. timbre

d. an interval.

d. an interval

9

If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at ____ cycles.

a. 220

b.440

c.660

d.1760

b.440

10

When tones are separated by the interval called a(n) ______, they sound very much alike

a. pitch range

b.dyad

c.octave

d, cycle

C. ocatve

11

The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called

a. pitch range

b. an octave

c. dynamic accent

d timbre

a. pitch range

12

Dynamics in music refers to

a. the quality that distinguishes musical sounds

b. the relative highness or lowness we hear in sound

c. an exemplary performance

d. degrees of loudness and softness

d. degrees od loudness and softness

13

The loudness of a sound is related to the _________ of the vibration that produces the sound.

a. timbre

b.amplitude

c. duration

d. frequnecy

b. amplitude

14

The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively

a. piano, mezzo forte, forte

b. mezzo piano, forte, fortissimo

c, pianissimo, piano, fortissimo

d. pianissimo, forte, fortissimo

c. pianissimo, piano, fortissimo

15

A gradual increase in loudness is known as a

a. decrescendo

b.crescendo

c. fortissimo

d. diminuendo

b. crescendo

16

A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a ___________.

a. ritardando

b.crescendo

c.fortissimo

d.diminuendo

d.diminuendo

17

Tone color is synonymous with ________

a. sound

b. amplitude

c. timbre

d. dynamic accent

c. timbre

18

While professional singers can command a pitch range of two octaves or more, an untrained voice is usually limited to about

a. half an octave

b.one octave

c.an ocatve and a half

d. two octaves

c. an octave and a half

19

A part of an instrument's total range is called a

a.mute
b.register

c.pizzicato

d. subrange

b. register

20

Plucking the string with the finger instead of using a bow is called

a. tremolo

b. pizzicato

c. vibrato

d.plukato

b. pizzicato

21

When the string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down, it is called

a. vibrato

b.pizzicato

c.tremolo

d. nervosa

a. vibrato

22

If a string player uses vibrato, it is most likely because

a. the performer is unsure of the correct pitch

b. the performer is nervous

c. using vibrato is easier than not using it, and no one can hear the fluctuations anyway

d. using vibrato makes the tine warmer and more expresive

d. using vibrato makes the tone warmer and more expressive

23

The very high-pitched tones that are produced when a string player lightly touches certain points on a string are called

a. harmmonics

b.vibrato

c.pizzicato

d. tremolo

a. harmonics

24

Rapidly repeating tones by quick up-and-down strokes of the bow is a string technique known as

a. tremolo

b.pizzicato

c.vibrato

d.portamento

a. tremolo

25

The highest woodwind instrument in the orchestra is the

a. piccolo'

b. flute

c. oboe

d. clarinet

a piccolo

26

The lowest instrument in the orchestra is the

a.piccolo

b.tuba

c. double bass

d. contrabassoon

d. contrabassoon

27

A thin piece of cane, used singly or in pairs by woodwind players, is called a

a reed

b mute

c double stop

d mouthpiece

a reed

28

The English horn is neither English nor a horn, but a(n)

a for of a bugle

b piece of cane used by woodwind players

c percussion instrument

d alot oboe

d. alto oboe

29

The saxophone is

a. a double reed woodwind instrument

b. a single reed woodwind instrument

c. a brass instrument

d. not a tru musical instrument

b. a single reed woodwind instrument

30

Which of the following is not a double reed instrument?

a oboe

b clarinet

c bassoon

d english horn

b clarinet

31

Which of the following is not a brass instrument?

a cornet

b french horn

c euphonium

d english horn

d english horn

32

The vibrations of brass instruments come from

a. a column of air in a metal tube

b. a single reed

c. a double red

d. the musician's lips

d. the musician's lips

33

A hollow, funnel-shaped piece of wood or plastic that brass players use to alter the tone of their instruments is called a

a tailpiece

b crook

c mute

d reed

c mute

34

The ___________ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch.

a snare drums

b bass drums

c timpani

d tambourines

c timpani

35

Which of the following is not a percussion instrument of definite pitch?

a tambourine

b timpani

c xylophone

d chimes

a tambourine

36

The _________ has strings that are plucked by a set of plastic, leather, or quill wedges.

a piano

b organ

c harsichord

d accordion

c harpsichord

37

Various sets of pipes on a pipe organ are brought into play by pulling knobs called

a keys

b pedals

c stops

d valves

c stops

38

MIDI is a

a. technology based on placing brief digital recordings of live sounds under the control of a synthesizer keyboard.

b. technology based on representing data in terms of measurrable physical quantities

c standard adopted by manufacturers for interfacing synthesizer equipment

d. technology based on representing physical quantities as number

c standard adopted by manufacturers for interfacing synthesizer equipment

39

Diagram of orchestra

listening correct

40

Audio of instruments

oboe = high pitched, grainy

clarinet = deep, smoother

flute = soft, very smooth, fluent

41

The ________ is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.

a beat

b syncopation

c tempo

d rhythm

a beat

42

The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or more specifically, the particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music, is

a beat

b tempo

c rhythm

d meter

c rhythm

43

The organization of beats into regular groups is called

a meter

b syncopation

c tempo

d dynamics

a meter

44

The first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the

a upbeat

b downbeat

c head

d intro

b downbeat

45

_____________ is defined as putting an accent in music where it would not normally be expected.

a meter

b syncopation

c tempo

d dynamics

b syncopation

46

The term ___________ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music.

a meter

b syncopation

c tempo

d dynamics

c tempo

47

The Italian term __________ is a tempo marking to indicate a moderately slow or walking pace.

a andante

b allegro

c adagio

d largo

a andante

48

The Italian term _____________ is a tempo marking to indicate a lively pace.

a andante

b allegro

c adagio

d vivace

d vivace

49

Which of the following is the slowest tempo indication?

a adagio

b andante

c allegro

d vivace

a adagio

50

A gradual slowing-down of tempo is indicated by the term

a accelerando

b andante

c ritardando

d crescendo

c ritardando

51

duple or triple meter audio

wing it

52

definition matching

Measure: untit or group containing a fixed number of beats

Meter: organization of beats into regular groupings

53

A _______________ is an apparatus that produces ticking sounds or flashes of light at any desired musical speed.

a clock

b beat

c metronome

d stopwatch

c metronome

54

In a musical time signature, the upper number tells

a. what kind of note gets a beat

b. how many beats fall in a measure

c. how many notes there are in a measure

d. how many measure there are in a composition

b. how many beats fall in a measure

55

Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody

a. in a short detached manner

b. in a smooth, connected manner

c. at a higher or lower pitch

d. in small steps

a in a short detached manner

56

A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as

a legato

b staccato

c glissando

d vibrato

a legato

57

A part of a melody is called a

a cadence

b sequence

c phrase

d step

c phrase

58

A melodic phrase ending that sets up expectations for continuation is known as a(n)

a incomplete cadence

b complete cadence

c sentence

d theme

a incomplete cadence

59

A cadence is

a. The emotional focal point of a melody

b. a resting place at the end of a phrase

c a melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music

d the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch

b a resting place at the end of a phrase

60

A melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music is called a

a theme

b true

c climax

d cadence

a theme

61

Sequence may be defined as

a resting place at the end of a phrase

b the emotional focal point of a melody

c a part of a melody

d the repition of a melodic patter at a higher or lower pitch

d the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch

62

The musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other is

a harmony

b tempo

c melody

d meter

a harmony

63

A chord is

a. a pattern of accents used in music

b. a combination of three or more tones sounded at once

c. a series or individual tones heard one after another

d a resting point at the end of a phrase

b a combination of three or more tones sounded at once

64

A series of chords is called a(n)

a triad

b progression

c arpeggio

d consonance

b progression

65

A consonance is a combination of tones that

a is considered unstable and tense

b is considered stable and restful

c are sounded one after the other

d form a melody

b is considered stable and restful

66

A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a

a consonance

b progression

c dissonance

d chord

c dissonance

67

When a dissonance moves to a consonance, it is called a

a triad

b chord

c resolution

d broken chord

c resolution

68

The simplest, most basic chord used in western music is the

a consonance

b dissonance

c dyad

d triad

d triad

69

The triad built on the first step of the scale is called

a the tonic chord

b the dominant chord

c a progression

d the resolution

a the tonic chord

70

Traditionally, a composition would almost always end on a

a progression

b dissonant chord

c dominant chord

d tonic chord

d tonic chord

71

The dominant chord is the triad built on the _________ step of the scale.

a first

b second

c fourth

d fifth

d fifth

72

When the individual tones of a chord are sounded one after another instead of simultaneously, it is called a broken chord or

a cadence

b arpeggio

c allegro

d progression

b arpeggio

73

The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the

a scale

b dominant

c tonic

d modulation

c tonic

74

Key refers to

a the major scale

b a central tone, scale and chord

c any twelve random pitches

d a musical symbol placed at the beginning of the staff

b a central tone, scale, and chord

75

Tonality is another term for

a key

b scale

c chromaticism

d modulation

a key

76

In traditional western music, the __________ is the smallest interval between successive tones of a scale.

a quarter step

b whole step

c half step

d octave

c half step

77

Sharp or flat signs immediately following the clef sign at the beginning of the staff
of a musical composition are called the

a time signature

b music signature

c key signature

d meter

c key signature

78

The word chromatic comes from the Greek word chroma, color, and is used in music to refer to the

a twelve tones of the octave

b eight tones of the ocatve

c color of the instrumentation

d use of color descriptions of the music

a twelve tones of the ocatve

79

Modulation refers to

a the central tone of a musical composition

b the use of All keys in one octave

c the sharp or flats signs immediately following the clef sign at the beginning of the staff of a musical composition

d a shift from one key to another within the same composition

d a shift from one key to another within the same composition

80

Musical texture refers to

a how many different layers of sound are heard at the same time

b what kind of layers of sound are related to each other

c how layers of sound are related to each other

d all answers are correct

d

81

The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

a contrapuntal

b homophonic

c monophonic

polyphonic

c monophonic

82

Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice is described as playing or singing in

a unison

b counterpoint

c harmony

d imitation

a unison

83

When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

a monophonic

b homophonic

c polyphonic

d heterophonic

c polyphonic

84

The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called

a texture

b imitation

c counterpoint

d unison

c counterpoint

85

Contrapuntal texture is sometimes used in place of the term

a monophonic tecture

b homophonic texture

c polyphonic texture

d unisonal performance

c polyphonic tecture

86

A round is an example of

a homophonic tecture

b monophonic texture

c strict imitation

d sloppy singing

c strict imitation

87

Homophonic texture consists of

a single melodic line without accompaniment

b one main melody accompanied by chords

c two or more melodies of relatively equal iterest performed simultaneously

d. two or more different versions of the same basic melody performed simulatneously

b one main melody accompanied by chords

88

The organization of musical ideas in time is called

a form

b repetition

c ternary

d variation

a form

89

Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called

a form

b contrast

c repetition

d variation

d variation

90

Forward motion, conflict, and change of mood All come from

a contrast

b repetition

c homogeneity

d dynamics

a contrast

91

Three-part form can be represented as

a A B A

b A B A'

c statement, contrast, return

d all answers are correct

D

92

A musical statement, followed by a repeat of that statement, then a counterstatement, would be called __________ form.

a binary

b ternary

c song

d free

a binary

93

audio

The firebird finale

94

audio

C-jam blues

95

audio

The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra

96

audio

over the rainbow

97

audio

No.chopin: prelude in E minor Op 28 No 4

98

audio

The Nutcracker

99

audio

J.S Bach: suite for Lute in E minor (weird guitar)