AAP Lab Drost/Wiley Quiz 3, Part 1

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Ex 6-Connective Tissues and Ex 7-Integumentary System
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1
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Label A-E.

A- Epidermis

B- Dermis

C- Hypodermis

D- Papillary Layer (where you feel a papercut)

E- Reticular Layer

2
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Label F-K.

F- Hair Shaft

G- Adipose Tissue

H- Sensory Nerve Fiber with Free Nerve Endings

I- Tactile (Messner) Corpuscle (Soft-Ex. Wind on Neck)

J- Arrector Pili Muscle

K- Lamellar (Pacinian) Corpuscle (Deep-Ex. Rock in Shoe)

3
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Label L-S.

L- Hair Follicle Receptor (root hair plexus)

M- Dermal Vascular Plexus

N- Sebaceous (Oil) Gland

O- Eccrine Sweat Gland

P- Hair Root

Q- Hair Follicle

R- Sweat Pore

S- Dermal Papillae

4
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Describe 1st Degree Burn.

Epidermis damaged.

5
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Describe 2nd Degree Burn

Epidermis destroyed.

Dermis damaged.

6
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Describe 3rd Degree Burn

Epidermis destroyed.

Dermis destroyed.

Hypodermis damaged.

7
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Name this tissue.

Embryonic Connective Tissue: Mesenchyme

8
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Label A-C.

Mesenchyme

A. Fibers- Collagen and Reticular Fibers

B. Mesenchymal Cell

C. Ground Substance

9

Embryonic connective tissue.

Gel-like substance, Star-shaped cells.

Primarily in the embryo, this is the FIRST Connective Tissue you have.

Embryonic Connective Tissue:

Mesenchyme

10
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Name this Tissue.

Loose Connective Tissue, Areolar

11
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Label A-C.

Areolar

A. Collagen Fibers

B. Elastic Fibers

C. Fibroblast Nuclei

12

Cushion, protect, and bind together organs.

Plays important role in inflammation.

Areolar

13

Under Epithelia.

Surround organs and capillaries.

Areolar

14
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Name this Tissue.

Adipose

15
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Label A & B.

Adipose

A. Vacuole containing fat droplet

B. Nuclei of fat cells

16

Reserve fuel, insulation (fat cells), support and protect organs.

Located with abdomen, breasts, under skin, around kidney (everywhere)

Adipose

17
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Name this Tissue.

Cartilage: Elastic

18
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Label A & B.

Cartilage: Elastic

A. Chondrocyte in Lacuna

B. Matrix

19

Supports, protects, provides flexible framework, elasticity, strength.

Located in epiglottis, external ear, auditory tube.

Elastic Cartilage

20
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Name this Tissue.

Cartilage: Hyaline

21
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Label A & B.

Cartilage: Hyaline

A. Chondrocyte in Lacuna

B. Matrix

*found in pairs unlike fibro*

22

Most abundant, strong, fairly flexible, supports, protects, and provides framework.

All articular cartilage, costal, nose, trachea rings, bronchi

Hyaline Cartilage

23
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Name the Tissue.

Bone (Osseous) Tissue

24
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Label A-C.

Bone (Osseous) Tissue

A. Central Canal

B. Lamella

C. Osteocytes in Lacunae

25

Support, protection, structure, and store calcium.

Located in bones.

Bone (Osseous) Tissue

26
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Name this Tissue

Blood

27
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Label A-D.

Blood

A. Erythrocyte (Red Blood Cells)

B. Thrombocyte (Clotting)

C. Leukocyte

D. Plasma (Instead of Matrix)

28

Transport of gases, nutrients, and wastes.

Found within Circulatory System.

Blood

29
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Name this Tissue.

Cartilage: Fibrocartilage

30
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Label A-C.

Cartilage: Fibrocartilage

A. Chondrocytes in Lacunae

B. Collagen Fiber

C. Found in Rows unlike Hyaline

31

Structural strength, withstand tension.

Found in reticular layer of dermis, submucosa of digestive, fibrous capsule of joints, lymph nodes, and periosteum.

Dense Irregular CT

32
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Name this Tissue.

Reticular

33
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Label A & B.

Reticular

A- White Blood Cells (lymphocyte)

B- Reticular Fibers

34

Framework for soft-bodied organs.

Found in lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and kidney.

Reticular

35
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Name this Tissue.

Dense Regular CT

36
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Label A & B.

Dense Regular CT (look for waves of pink)

A- Collagen Fibers (tightly packed, not much of matrix)

B- Nuclei of Fibroblasts

(Ex. Piece of chicken tendon that doesn't break down when you chew)

37

Strength, flexibility, attach muscles and bone.

Found in tendons, ligaments, and aponeuroses.

Dense Regular CT

38
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Name this Tissue.

Elastic CT

39
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Label A.

Elastic CT

A- Elastic Fibers (Thick and Black)

(Needs to stretch and bounce back. Ex. Aorta)

40

Flexibility, strength, support, and protection.

Found in most hollow organs: blood vessels (aorta), bladder, uterus, nuchal ligament, framework for external ear and part of larynx.

Elastic CT

41
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Label L-S.

L- Hair Follicle Receptor (root hair plexus)

M- Dermal Vascular Plexus

N- Sebaceous (Oil) Gland

O- Eccrine Sweat Gland

P- Hair Follicle

Q- Hair Root

R- Sweat Pore

S- Dermal Papillae

42
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Label A & B.

Dense Irregular CT

A- Nuclei of Fibroblasts

B- Collagen Fibers

43

Structural strength, with stand tension.

Found in reticular layer of dermis, submucosa of digestive, fibrous capsule of joints, lymph nodes, and periosteum.

Dense Irregular CT

44

List the THREE Common Cells

Macrophage

Fibroblast

Mast Cell

45

List the THREE Characteristics of Connective Tissue

Common Origin- all connective tissues are derived from embryonic tissue (mesenchyme)

Degrees of Vascularity- many types of connective tissue have a rich blood supply. Exceptions include cartilage which is avascular and Dense Connective that is poorly vascular.

Extracellular Matrix- noncellular nonliving material between the cells of connective tissue.

46

What is the Extracellular Matrix composed of?

Ground Substance

Fibers- collagen, elastic, reticular

47

Describe the following Fibers:

  • Collagen
  • Elastic
  • Reticular
  • Pink
  • Black and Thick
  • Black and Thin
48
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Label the Red.

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49

Structural strength, withstand tension.

Found in reticular layer of dermis, submucosa of digestive, fibrous capsule of joints, lymph nodes, and periosteum.

Dense Irregular CT