AAP Lab Drost/Wiley Quiz 2 Part 2

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created 3 years ago by Jase_H
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Tissues Nervous, Epithelial, Muscle
updated 3 years ago by Jase_H
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1

Epithelial: Simple Squamous (C)

3

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single layer, flattened, flat nucleus

2

Epithelial: Simple Squamous (F)

4-fods

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  1. filtration
  2. diffusion
  3. osmosis
  4. some produce serous fluids
3

Epithelial: Simple Squamous (L)

4-laws

  1. alveoli (lung air sac)
  2. wall of capillaries (heart)
  3. linings of blood and lymph vessels
  4. serous membranes (lining of ventral body cavity)
4

Epithelial: Simple Cuboidal (C)

3-csl

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single layer, cube shaped, large round nucleus

5

Epithelial: Simple Cuboidal (F)

2-as

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  1. absorption
  2. secretion
6

Epithelial: Simple Cuboidal (L)

3-gok

  1. surface of ovaries
  2. lining of kidney tubes
  3. in many glands like thyroid, pancreas, salivary
7

Epithelial: Simple Columnar (C)

5-senngc

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elongated, single layer, nuclei at same level near basement membrane, goblet cells, may have cilia or microvilli

8

Epithelial: Simple Columnar (F)

3-pas

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  1. protection
  2. secretion of mucus, enzymes, etc; ciliated type propels mucus
  3. absorption
9

Epithelial: Simple Columnar (L)

5-dergs

  1. linings of digestive tract (stomach to rectum)
  2. gallbladder
  3. excretory ducts of some glands
  4. small bronchi, uterus
  5. LOWER respiratory tract
10

Epithelial: Pseudostratified (C)

3-ses

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single layer, elongated, staggered nuclei

11

Epithelial: Pseudostratified (F)

2-ps

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  1. protection
  2. secretion (particularly mucus)
12

Epithelial: Pseudostratified (L)

2-surt

  1. nonciliated-male's sperm, carrying ducts
  2. ciliated-lines the trachea, most of the upper respiratory tract
13

Epithelial: Stratified Squamous (C)

2-mt

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many layers, tops of cells flattened

14

Epithelial: Stratified Squamous (F)

1

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  1. protection (underlying tissue from abrasion)
15

Epithelial: Stratified Squamous (L)

5-ovale

  1. outer layer of skin
  2. lining of mouth
  3. esophagus
  4. vagina
  5. anal canal
16

Epithelial: Ciliated Columnar (C)

2

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each attached to basement membrane, but not all reach apical surface, has cilia

17

Epithelial: Ciliated Columnar (F)

1-mm

  1. movement of mucus
18

Epithelial: Ciliated Columnar (L)

1

Trachea

19

Epithelial: Stratified Cuboidal (C)

2-ct

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apical cells are cube-shaped (generally two layers)

20

Epithelial: Stratified Cuboidal (F)

2- ps

  1. protection
  2. secretion
21

Epithelial: Stratified Cuboidal (L)

1-g

  1. line larger ducts of glands: sweat, salivary, pancreas, mammary
22

Epithelial: Stratified Columnar (C)

3

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several cell layers, basal layer cube shaped, top layer cells are elongated and columnar

23

Epithelial: Stratified Columnar (F)

3- pms

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  1. protection
  2. secretion
  3. movement of mucus
24

Epithelial: Stratified Columnar (L)

3- mpn

RARE IN THE BODY

  1. male urethra
  2. parts of pharynx
  3. nasal cavity (ciliated)
25

Epithelial: Transitional (C)

3-dbt

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many layers of dome shaped cells, bi-nucleate, tight junction

26

Epithelial: Transitional (F)

2-psu

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  1. protection
  2. stretches readily and permits distension for urine accumulation
27

Epithelial: Transitional (L)

1

  1. line urinary tract
28

Nervous: Sensory Neuron (C)

3- slu

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specialized endings, large round nuclei, unipolar- only one cell process extends out

29

Nervous: Sensory Neuron (F)

1

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  1. afferent pathway- carry nerve impulses TOWARD CNS
30

Nervous: Sensory Neuron (L)

3

  1. brain
  2. spinal cord (dorsal root ganglion)
  3. nerves
31

Nervous: Motor Neuron (C)

3-ddm

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dendrites, dark nuclei, multipolar

32

Nervous: Motor Neuron (F)

1

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  1. efferent pathway- carry nerve impulses AWAY from CNS
33

Nervous: Motor Neuron (L)

3

  1. brain
  2. spinal cord (anterior horn)
  3. nerves
34

Nervous: Astrocytes & Neurolgia (C)

2- bs

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branched cytoplasmic processes, star-shaped

35

Nervous: Astrocytes & Neurolgia (F)

2- nd

  1. non-neural cells of CNS
  2. develop/ maintain/ support neurons
36

Nervous: Astrocytes & Neurolgia (L)

2

  1. brain
  2. spinal cord
37

Muscle: Skeletal (C)

5- pmscl

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long, cylindrical, striated, multinucleated, peripherally located nuclei

38

Muscle: Skeletal (F)

3- vmf

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  1. voluntary movement
  2. manipulation of the environment
  3. facial expression
39

Muscle: Skeletal (L)

1

  1. attached to skeleton or occasionally the skin
40

Muscle: Cardiac (C)

4- foid

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branched, faintly striated, one nucleus, intercalated discs

41

Muscle: Cardiac (F)

2- ic

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  1. involuntary heart movement
  2. contraction propels blood into the circulation
42

Muscle: Cardiac (L)

1

  1. walls of the heart
43

Muscle: Smooth (C)

3- lns

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spindle-shaped, non-striated, one longitudinal nucleus

44

Muscle: Smooth (F)

2- ip

  1. involuntary organ movement
  2. propels substances or a baby along internal passageways
45

Muscle: Smooth (L)

1

  1. hollow organ walls
46

Characteristics of Epithelial Tissues (different from others)

spars

polarity- membranes always have one free surface

specialized contacts- cells fit closed together and are bound by specialized junctions

supported by connective tissue- cells are attached and supported by basal body membrane

Avascular but inverted- are supplied by nerves but have no blood supply of their own

regeneration- can easily divide to regenerate the tissue

47

Epithelia consists of one layer of cells attached to the basement membrane.

Simple

48

Epithelial consist of two or more layers of cells.

Stratified

49

Covering and Lining Epithelial are classified by TWO things:

arrangement OR number of layers and cell shape

50

Based on Cell Shape: Epithelial are classified into THREE categories

scc

squamous (scalelike)

cuboidal (cubelike)

columnar (column-shaped)

51

An acellular material secreted party by the epithelial cells (basal lamina) and connective tissue cells (reticular lamina) that lie next to each other

Basement Membrane

52

Simple epithelium (one layer of cells) that gives the false appearance of being stratified

Pseudostratified Epithelium

53

SIX Epithelial Cells that provide PROTECTION

spssst

  1. Simple Columnar
  2. Pseudostratified
  3. Stratified Squamous
  4. Stratified Cuboidal
  5. Stratified Columnar
  6. Transitional
54

TWO Epithelial that provide ABSORPTION

sc

  1. Simple Cuboidal
  2. Simple Columnar
55

FIVE Epithelial that provide SECRETION

*Secretion is a specialty of the glands*

sspss

  1. Simple Cuboidal
  2. Simple Columnar
  3. Pseudostratified
  4. Stratified Cuboidal
  5. Stratified Columnar
56

Outward messengers (Nervous Tissue)

Motor Neurons

57

Inner messengers (Nervous Tissue)

Sensory Neurons

58

Nervous Tissue is made up of TWO major cell population

neuroglia

neurons

59

Cells talk to each other through these (Nervous Tissue)

Axon

60

Afferent means (Sensory Neuron)

Toward

61

Efferent means (Motor Neuron)

Away

62

Special supporting cells that protect, support, and insulate the more delicate neurons

Neuroglia

63

Highly specialized to receive stimuli and to generate electrical signals that may be sent to all the parts of the body (conductivity)

Neurons

64

Smooth muscle, locate the following:

  • Smooth muscle cell
  • Nucleus

photo to come