AAP Lab Drost/Wiley Quiz 2

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Epithelial, Connective, Muscle
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1

Epithelial: Simple Squamous (characteristics)

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  1. single layer
  2. flattened
  3. flat nucleus
2

Epithelial: Simple Squamous (functions)

  1. filtration
  2. diffusion
  3. osmosis
  4. some produce serous fluid
3

Epithelial: Simple Squamous (location)

  1. alveoli
  2. walls of capillaries
  3. linings of blood and lymph vessels
  4. serous membranes
4

Epithelial: Simple Cubodial (characteristics)

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  1. single layer
  2. cube shaped
  3. large round circles
5

Epithelial: Simple Cubodial (functions)

  1. absorption
  2. secretion
6

Epithelial: Simple Cubodial (location)

  1. surface of ovaries
  2. lining of kidney tubes
  3. in many glands like thyroid
  4. pancreas
  5. salivary
7

Epithelial: Simple Columnar (characteristics)

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  1. elongated
  2. single layer
  3. nuclei at the same level near basement membrane
  4. goblet cells
  5. may have cilia or microvilia
8

Epithelial: Simple Columnar (function)

  1. protection
  2. secretion
  3. absorption
9

Epithelial: Simple Columnar (location)

  1. linings of digestive
  2. uterus
  3. respiratory tract
10

Epithelial: Pseudostratified (characteristics)

  1. single layer
  2. elongated
  3. staggered nuclei
11

Epithelial: Pseudostratified (function)

  1. protection
  2. secretion
12

Epithelial: Pseudostratified (location)

  1. trachea
13

Epithelial: Ciliated Columnar (characteristics)

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  1. each attach to basement membrane, but not all reach apical surface
  2. has cilia
14

Epithelial: Ciliated Columnar (function)

  1. move mucus
15

Epithelial: Ciliated Columnar (location)

????

16

Epithelial: Stratified Squamous (characteristics)

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  1. many layers
  2. tops of cells flattened
17

Epithelial: Stratified Squamous (function)

  1. protection
18

Epithelial: Stratified Squamous (location)

  1. outer layer of skin
  2. lining of mouth
  3. esophagus
  4. vagina
  5. anal canal
19

Epithelial: Stratified Cuboidal (characteristic)

  1. apical cells are cubed shaped
20

Epithelial: Stratified Cuboidal (function)

  1. protection
  2. secretion
21

Epithelial: Stratified Cuboidal (location)

  1. line larger ducts of glands: sweat, salivary, pancreas
22

Epithelial: Stratified Columnar (characteristics)

  1. basal layer cube shaped
  2. top layer
23

Epithelial: Stratified Columnar (function)

  1. protection
  2. secretion
  3. movement of mucous
24

Epithelial: Stratified Columnar (location)

  1. male urethra
  2. parts of pharynx
  3. nasal cavity
25

Epithelial: Transitional (characteristics)

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  1. many layers of dome shaped cells
  2. binucleate
  3. tight junctions
26

Epithelial: Transitional (function)

  1. protection
  2. distension for urine accumulation
27

Epithelial: Transitional (location)

  1. line urinary tract
28

Connective: Mesenchyme (characteristics)

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  1. cells: star-shaped mesenchymal cells
  2. fibers: reticular fibers
  3. matrix: semifluid
29

Connective: Mesenchyme (function)

  1. undifferentiated connective tissue
  2. precursor for lymphatic/ circulatory/ musculoskeletal systems
30

Connective: Mesenchyme (location)

  1. embryonic tissue
31

Connective: Areolar (characteristics)

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  1. cells: all common cells
  2. fibers: all fibers
  3. matrix: fluid gel
32

Connective: Areolar (function)

  1. cushion
  2. protection
  3. bind together organs
33

Connective: Areolar (location)

  1. under epithelia
  2. surround organs and capillaries
34

Connective: Adipose (characteristics)

  1. cells: adipocytes
  2. fibers: light collection of collagen and reticular
  3. matrix: very little
35

Connective: Adipose (function)

  1. reserve fuel
  2. insulation
  3. support and protect organs
36

Connective: Adipose (location)

  1. abdomen
  2. breasts
  3. under skin
  4. around kidney
37

Connective: Reticular (characteristics)

  1. cells: adipocytes
  2. fibers: light collection of collagen and reticular
  3. matrix: very little
38

Connective: Reticular (function)

  1. framework for soft bodied organs
39

Connective: Reticular (location)

  1. lymph nodes
  2. spleen
  3. liver
  4. kidney
40

Connective: Dense Regular CT (characteristics)

  1. cells: all common cells
  2. fibers: collagen (type 1)
  3. matrix: watery
41

Connective: Dense Regular CT (function)

  1. strength
  2. flexibility
  3. attach muscle and bone
42

Connective: Dense Regular CT (location)

  1. tendons
  2. ligaments
  3. aponeuroses
43

Connective: Elastic CT (characteristics)

  1. cells: all common cells
  2. fibers: mostly elastic
  3. matrix: very little (solid gel)
44

Connective: Elastic CT (function)

  1. flexibility
  2. strength
  3. support
  4. protection
45

Connective: Elastic CT (location)

  1. most hollow organs: blood vessels, bladder, uterus, nuchal ligament, framework for external ear and part of larynx
46

Connective: Dense Irregular CT (characteristics)

  1. cells: all common cells, many fibroblast
  2. fibers: irregular collagen, some elastic
  3. matrix: watery
47

Connective: Dense Irregular CT (function)

  1. structural strength
  2. withstand tension
48

Connective: Dense Irregular CT (location)

  1. reticular layer of dermis
  2. submucosa of digestive
  3. fibrous capsule of joints
  4. lymph nodes
  5. periosteum
49

Connective: Hyaline Cartilage (characteristics)

  1. cells: chondrocytes, chondroblasts
  2. fibers: collagen
  3. matrix: firm
50

Connective: Hyaline Cartilage (function)

  1. most abundant
  2. strong
  3. fairly flexible
  4. supports
  5. protects
  6. provide framework
51

Connective: Hyaline Cartilage (location)

  1. all articular cartilage
  2. costal
  3. nose
  4. trachea rings
  5. bronchi
52

Connective: Elastic Cartilage (characteristics)

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  1. cells: chondrocytes, chondroblasts
  2. fibers: collagen, mostly elastic
  3. matrix: ??
53

Connective: Elastic Cartilage (function)

  1. support
  2. protect
  3. flexible framework
  4. elasticity
  5. strength
54

Connective: Elastic Cartilage (location)

  1. epiglottis
  2. external ear
  3. auditory tube
55

Connective: Fibrocartilage (characteristics)

  1. cells: chondrocytes, chodroblasts
  2. fibers: collagen bundles
  3. matrix: strongest form of cartilage
56

Connective: Fibrocartilage (function)

  1. support
  2. protect
  3. absorb shock
57

Connective: Fibrocartilage (location)

  1. immovable joints
  2. invertebratal disks
58

Connective: Bone/ Osseous (characteristics)

  1. cells: osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts
  2. fibers: collagen
  3. matrix: hard, calcified (calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate)
59

Connective: Bone/ Osseous (function)

  1. support
  2. protection
  3. structure
  4. strore calcium
  5. also identify: osteon, lacunae, canaliculi, central canal, lamellae
60

Connective: Bone/ Osseous (location)

  1. bones
61

Connective: Blood (characteristic)

  1. cells: red and white blood cells
  2. fibers: none
  3. matrix: fluid (plasma)
62

Connective: Blood (function)

  1. transport of gases
  2. nutrients
  3. wastes
63

Connective: Blood (location)

  1. within circulatory system
64

Muscle: Skeletal (characteristics)

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  1. long
  2. cylinderical
  3. striated
  4. multinucleated
  5. peripherally located nuclei
65

Muscle: Skeletal (function)

  1. voluntary movement
66

Muscle: Skeletal (location)

  1. attached to skeleton
67

Muscle: Cardiac (characteristics)

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  1. branched
  2. faintly striated
  3. one nucleus
  4. intercalated disks
68

Muscle: Cardiac (function)

  1. involuntary heart movement
69

Muscle: Cardiac (location)

  1. heart
70

Muscle: Smooth (characteristics)

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  1. spindle shaped
  2. non striated
  3. one longitudinal nucleus
71

Muscle: Smooth (function)

  1. involuntary organ movement
72

Muscle: Smooth (location)

  1. hollow organ walls