Chapter Four - Tissues

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1

The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body

A) Endothelium
B) Serous membrane
C) Mucous membrane
D) Cutaneous

B. Serous membrane

2

The epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior membrane

A) Endothelium
B) Serous membrane
C) Mucous membrane
D) Cutaneous

C.) Mucous membrane

3

Found lining the digestive and respiratory tracts

A) Endothelium
B) Serous membrane
C) Mucous membrane
D) Cutaneous

C.) Mucous membrane

4

Makes up the pleura and pericardium

A) Endothelium
B) Serous membrane
C) Mucous membrane
D) Cutaneous

B.) Serous membrane

5

Lines blood vessels and the heart

A) Endothelium
B) Serous membrane
C) Mucous membrane
D) Cutaneous

A.) Endothelium

6

Smooth muscle

A) Virtually no functional regenerative ability
B) Regenerates extremely well
C) Weak regenerative ability
D) Moderate regenerative ability

D.) Moderate regenerative ability

7

Areolar connective tissue

A) Virtually no functional regenerative ability
B) Regenerates extremely well
C) Weak regenerative ability
D) Moderate regenerative ability

B.) Regenerates extremely well

8

Tendons and ligaments

A) Virtually no functional regenerative ability
B) Regenerates extremely well
C) Weak regenerative ability
D) Moderate regenerative ability

D.) Moderate regenerative ability

9

The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength, which allows them to absorb shock, is because they possess:

A) reticular fibers B) elastic fibers C) collagen fibers D) hydroxyapatite crystals

C) collagen fibers

10

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?

A) fibrocartilaginous tissue

B) osseous tissue

C) areolar tissue

D) cartilage tissue

B) osseous tissue

11

Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelium?

A) microvilli

B) lysosomes

C) Golgi bodies

D) multiple nuclei

C) Golgi bodies

12

The simple columnar epithelium that form absorptive cells of the digestive tract have which characteristic?

A) dense microvilli

B) fibroblasts

C) cilia

D) a rich vascular supply

A) dense microvilli

13

Which of the following is a single-celled layer of epithelium that forms the lining of serous membranes?

A) pseudostratified columnar

B) simple cuboidal

C) simple squamous

D) simple columnar

C.) Simple Squamous

14

Which tissue type arises from all three embryonic germ layers?

A) nervous tissue

B) muscle tissue

C) epithelial tissue

D) connective tissue

C) epithelial tissue

15

Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which tissue?

A) transitional

B) stratified squamous

C) simple squamous

D) simple columnar

D) simple columnar

16

Which of the following is true about epithelia?

A) Simple epithelia are commonly found in areas of high abrasion.

B) Pseudostratified epithelia are commonly keratinized.

C) Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.

D) Stratified epithelia are associated with filtration.

C) Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs

17

Arteries, veins, and lymphatics keep clots from sticking as long as their ________ is intact and healthy.

A) transitional epithelium

B) simple cuboidal epithelium

C) mesothelium

D) endothelium

D) endothelium

18

Select the correct statement regarding the stem cells of connective tissue.

A) Connective tissue does not contain cells.

B) Connective tissue cells are nondividing.

C) "Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.

D) Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper.

C) "Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.

19

Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair.

A) The clot is formed from dried blood and transposed collagen fibers.

B) Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.

C) Granulation tissue is another name for a blood clot.

D) Granulation tissue is highly susceptible to infection.

B) Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable

20

Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?

A) goblet cells

B) cilia

C) mast cells

D) macrophages

A) goblet cells

21

Which of the following is not a step in tissue repair?

A) Regeneration and fibrosis.

B) Formation of new stem cells

C) Restoration of blood supply

D) Inflammation

B) Formation of new stem cells

22

True or false:

Healing of a surgical incision through the body wall will tend to increase the amount of areolar tissue.

False

23

True or false:

Endocrine glands are often called ducted glands.

False

24

True or false:

Cartilage tissue tends to heal less rapidly than bone tissue.

True

25

True or false:

Connective tissues that possess a large quantity of collagen fibers often provide the framework for organs such as the spleen and lymph nodes.

False

26

True or False:

Salivary glands exhibit simple tubuloalveolar glandular arrangement.

False

27

True or False:

Merocrine glands produce their secretions by accumulating their secretions internally until the cell ruptures

False

28

True or false:

Aging tends to increase bony spread within the body as chondrocytes die

False

29

True or False:

Macrophages are found in areolar and lymphatic tissues.

True

30

True or False:

The role of brown fat is to warm the body; whereas, the role of white fat is to store nutrients.

True