AAP Drost Test 1 Chapter 1

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1

Inner Layer of the Pericardium, forms the SURFACE of the HEART itself.

Visceral Pericardium

2

Outer Layer of the Pericardium

Parietal Pericardium

(pericardial sac)

3

Visceral and Parietal Pericardium are separated by a space called _______________ _________________.

Which is lubricated by _____________ ______________.

Pericardial Cavity

Pericardial Fluid

4

Each LUNG is enfolded by a serous membrane called the ___________.

Pleura

5

Visceral means _________.

Inner

6

Parietal means __________.

Outer

7

Inner layer, forms the surface of the LUNGS.

Visceral Pleura

8

Outer layer lines the RIB CAGE (lungs).

Parietal Pleura

9

Visceral and Parietal Pleura are separate by ____________ _____________.

Which is lubricated by _________ ___________.

Pleural Cavity

Pleural Fluid

10

The ABDOMINOPELVIC Cavity contains a two layered serous membrane called the _________________.

Peritoneum

11

The outer layer that lines the cavity abdominopelvic wall is called _____________ ____________.

Parietal Peritoneum

12

The inward layer suspends certain abdominal viscera from the body. (abdominopelvic cavity)

Visceral Peritoneum

13

The space between the Parietal and Visceral Peritoneum is called ____________ ____________.

It is lubricated by ______________ ______________.

Peritoneal Cavity

Peritoneal Fluid

14

Some of the organs of the abdominal cavity lie against the posterior body wall and are covered by there peritoneum only on the side facing there peritoneal cavity. They are said to have a ______________ position.

Retroperitoneal (Position)

15

The ORGANS in the Retroperitoneal Position are _____________________.

kidneys, ureters, adrenal gland, most of the pancreas, and abdominal portions of the two major blood vessels: aorta and vena cava.

16

ORGANS that are encircled by the peritoneum and connected to the posterior wall by peritoneal sheets are called _______________________.

Intraperitoneal

17

The visceral peritoneum is also called a ___________________.

Mesentery

18

The INTESTINES are suspended from the posterior abdominal wall by the _____________ ______________.

Posterior Mesentery

19

The posterior mesentery of the LARGE INTESTINE is called the ______________.

Mesocolon

20

A fatty membrane that hangs like an apron from the inferolateral margin of the stomach and overlies the intestines.

Greater Omentum

21

A smaller __________ ____________ extends from the superomedial margin of the stomach to the liver.

Lesser Omentum

22

Systems of Protection, Support, Movement

Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular

23

Systems of Internal Communication and Control

Nervous, Endocrine

24

Systems of Fluid Transport

Circulatory, Lymphatic

25

Systems of Intake and Output

Respiratory, Urinary, Digestive

26

Systems of Reproduction

Male and Female Reproductive Systems

27

Integumentary System (organs)

skin, hair, nails, cutaneous glands

28

Integumentary System (function)

-protection

-water retention

-thermoregulation

-vitamin synthesis

-cutaneous sensation

-nonverbal communication

29

Skeletal System (organs)

bones, cartilages, ligaments

30

Skeletal System (function)

-support

-movement

-protective enclosure of viscera

-blood formation

-mineral storage

-electrolyte and acid base balance

31

Muscular System (organs)

skeletal muscles

32

Muscular System (function)

-movement

-stability

-communication

-control of body openings

-heat production

33

Nervous System (Organs)

brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia

34

Nervous System (function)

-rapid internal communication

-coordination

-motor control and sensation

35

Endocrine System (organs)

pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, thymus, adrenal gland, pancreas, testes, ovaries

36

Endocrine System (function)

-hormone production

-internal chemical communication and coordination

37

Lymphatic System (organs)

lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, tonsils

38

Lymphatic System (function)

-recovery of excess tissue fluid

-detection of pathogens

-production of immune cells

-defense against disease

39

Respiratory System (organs)

nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs

40

Respiratory System (function)

-absorption of oxygen

-discharge of carbon dioxide

-acid-base balance

-speech

41

Urinary System (organs)

kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

42

Urinary System (function)

-elimination of wastes

-regulation of blood volume and pressure

-stimulation of red blood cell formation

-control of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance

-detoxification

43

Digestive System (organs)

teeth, tongue, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, liver, gall bladder, pancreas

44

Digestive System (function)

-nutrient breakdown and absorption

-liver functions include metabolism of carbs, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals

-synthesis of plasma proteins

-disposal of drugs, toxins, hormones

-cleansing of blood

45

Male Reproductive System (organ)

testes, spermatic ducts, seminal vesicles, prostate, penis

46

Male Reproductive System (function)

-production and delivery of sperm

-secretion of sex hormones

47

Female Reproductive System (function)

-production of eggs

-site of fertilization and fetal development

-fetal nourishment

-birth

-lactation

-secretion of hormones