RAD 113 Test 2 Study Guide

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Patient Transfer and Immobilization Techniques
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1

A component of physics, the laws of Newtonian mechanics, to living bodies at rest and in motion.

Biomechanics

2

The foundation on which a body rests or stands.

  • Base of support
3

A hypothetical area of the body where the mass of the body is concentrated; gravity works from this area.

Center of gravity

4

Where is your center of gravity?

Second sacral segment

5

What type of muscles are extremity muscles classified as?

Should be used for lifting?

Mobility

6

What type of muscles are the muscles of the torso classified as?

Should be used for support

Stability

7

Sudden drop in blood pressure in the brain when a person stands up quickly from a sitting or supine position; when the oxygen in the brain drops and the person becomes dizzy and prone to fall.

Orthostatic Hypotension

8

When lifting, the back should be kept straight or in a position of slightly increased __________.

Lumbar lordosis

9

When transferring a patient, what is one thing that must be checked before executing the transfer?

Check the patient's chart to see if they have a restricted weight-bearing status

10

May overestimate their transfer abilities and require assistance.

Patients with cognitive impairments

11

Example of a cognitive impairment.

Dementia

12

Using a __________ is a good practice when planning to perform transfers.

Transfer belt

13

Symptoms of orthostatic hypotension.

  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Slurred speech
14

Ways to minimize the severity of orthostatic hypotension.

  • Have patient stand slowly
  • Encourage patient to talk during the transfer by asking simple questions
15

May occur going from one surface type to a different surface type during transfer. Can be caused by several mechanical factors.

Skin damage

16

Immobilization devices is used for a lateral chest film on a nonambulatory patient?

Can also be used for compression.

Velcro straps

17

Four types of wheelchair transfers.

  • Standby and assist
  • Assisted standing pivot
  • Two-person lift
  • Hydraulic lift
18

Used for patients who have the ability to transfer from a wheelchair to a table on their own.

Standby assist

19

In standby assist transfers, what angle should the wheelchair should be positioned to the table?

45 degrees

20

The type transfer used when patients cannot transfer independently but can bear weight on their legs

Assisted standing pivot

21

Transfer used when a patient cannot bear weight on their legs in order to move from the wheelchair to the table.

Two-person lift

22

Used for transferring heavy patients.

Hydraulic lift techniques

23

What should a patient be seated on before using a hydraulic lift?

Lift sling

24

Is critical to lift success.

Communication

25

Type transfer that usually requires 3 people.

Cart transfer

26

Common recumbent patient positions.

  • Supine
  • Prone
  • Lateral
  • Sims
  • Fowler
27

Commonly attached medical equipment which should be checked before moving or positioning a patient.

  • Oxygen tubing
  • Intravenous lines
  • Central lines
  • Postsurgical drains
  • Urine bags
28

One of the most significant contributing factors to unacceptable image quality. Can result from voluntary and involuntary patient motion.

Motion distortion

29

Contribute to suboptimum image quality.

Positioning inaccuracies

30

Is a relation of harmony and accord between two persons, as between patient and physician.

Rapport

31

Immobilization devices.

  • Positioning sponges
  • Sheets
  • Sandbags
  • Velcro straps
  • Head clamps
  • Cervical collar
  • Spine board
  • Splints
  • Stockinettes
  • Tape
32

Allow for increased accuracy by supporting the patient or anatomic area of interest.

One of the most common methods of reducing patient motion.

Positioning sponges

33

Stretchable cotton fabric in the shape of a sleeve pulled over a fractured extremity before a plaster cast is applied. Good for immobilizing the upper limbs above and behind the child’s head.

Stockinette

34

Useful for positioning and immobilization devices and can be used in a variety of ways.

Sandbags

35

Can be used if injury to the thoracic or lumbar spine is involved, as well as injuries to the pelvis, hips, and lower extremities and when multiple injuries in addition to spinal trauma are present.

Spineboard (backboard)

36

Most often used spinal trauma traction device.

Cervical collar

37

One of the most effective, simple, inexpensive, and reliable method of restraining or immobilizing a child.

Mummy wrap

38

Commercial restraints.

What ages can these restraints accommodate depending on the child's size?

Restraints:

  • Pigg-O-Stat Infant Immobilizer
  • Pedia-Poser Pediatric Positioning Chair

Age:

3-4 years

39

Examinations the Pigg-O-Stat and Pedia-Poser Pediatric Positioning Chair are useful for.

Upright chest and abdomen

40

Contour-fitting pad, mold, or sponge with attached
Velcro straps for securing the patient.

Restraint board

41

Immobilization device that patient can be rotated 360° into 8 different positions. It is durable and made of radiolucent material. It is also limited to patients up to 1 year old.

Octostop Restraint Board

42

Substances or structures not naturally present but of which an authentic image appears on an image.

Artifacts

43

Recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person.

Empathy

44

Hindrance of an action (movement).

Restraint

45

Designed strictly for use in positioning various projections of the skull.

They ensure the reduction of voluntary movement on the part of the patient.

Head clamps

46

Inflatable plastic cuff that is slipped over the affected limb and inflated to provide stability for transport.

Inflation/Air Splint

47

Are designed for use on the lower extremities.

Traction splints