2nd year green vocab sheet 1

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1

Universal precautions

established to protect health care workers and the clients they serve from infectious agents such as HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C. UP placed an emphasis on preventing the transmission of pathogens through contact with blood and bodily fluids

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Universal precautions

Gloves; wash; gown/apron; mask/eyeware; sharps; no hand recap; resuscitation; waste/linen

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standard precautions

Synthesized the primary features of BSI (body substance isolation), and UP. Apply to blood, all bodily secretions and fluids, mucous membranes, and no intact skin

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standard precautions

prevent injury w/ sharpes; cover skin lesions w/ bandages; report infected/draining lesions to sup; avoid personal habits that increase oral mucous membrane contact w/ body; perform procedures involving body substances carefully to minimize splatters; cover equip w/ moisture proof barriers when possible if splatter risk; wash hands Even if gloves are worn; Avoid unnecessary use of protective clothing & use alternate barriers instead; Wear gloves if touching mucus membrane/ nonintacte skin/ direct contact w/ body substances; Wear protective clothing w/ splashing of body substances anticipated; ensure hospital has procedures for care, cleaning & disinfection of environmental surfaces & equip; handle & process soiled linens in a manner that min the transfer of microrganisms to others; handle used Pt care equip appropriately to prevent transfer of infections microorganisms & ensure reusable equip is cleaned

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Urinary catheters

remove urine from bladder w/ Pt unable to control retention or release; drained via plastic tube into bag, bottle or urinal; Used for trauma, disease, condition, disorder affecting neuromuscular control of bladder sphincter; temp or permanent;

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Urinary Catheters Precaution-

1. Disruption or stretching of the drainage tube should be prevented and no tension should be placed on the tubing or the catheter
2. Urine bag must not be placed above the level of the bladder for longer than a few minutes to avoid backflow of urine into the bladder or kidneys or soiling the client.
3. The bag should not be placed in the clients lap when the client is being transported.
4. The production, color, and odor of the urine should be observed
5. The following observations should be reported to a physician or nurse; foul-smelling cloudy, dark or bloody urine, or a reduction in the flow or production urine.
6. The collection bag must be emptied when it is full

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sprapublic catherter

inserted directly into bladder via incisions in lower abd into bladder.

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Foley catherter

held inplace w/ ballon inflated w/ air, water or sterile saline

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Feeding tubes

provide nutition; NG, G, TPN (total parenteral nutrition or hyperalimentation) , feeding pump, IV

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Foley catherter

held inplace w/ ballon inflated w/ air, water or sterile saline

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Feeding tubes

provide nutition; NG, G, TPN (total parenteral nutrition or hyperalimentation) , feeding pump, IV

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NG tube

nasogastic tube;

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G tube

gastic tube; ;

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NG tube

plastic tube inserted via nose to stomach; SIDE effects = sore throat, increased gage reflex; feeding training can occur; CAUTION when moving Pt head & neck ESPEcially in forward flex.

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G tube

inserted in incision in abdomin directly to stomach; DO not remove or distrurb

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Personal Protective Equipment

PPE;

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personal protectiv equipment

gloves, gown, mask, eye protection (googles), face shield,

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Gloves

touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, contaminated items; mucous membranes & nonitact skin

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Gown

during Pt care & procedures when contact of clothing/exposed skin w/ blood/obdy fluids, secretions & excretions is anticipated

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Mask, eye protection, face shield

during ax likely to generate splashes/ sprays of blood, body fluids, suction, endotracheal intubation, secretions

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hand hygiene

remove jewlary, approach sink & avoid touching sink & nearby objects;
turn water on to luke warm;
wet wrists & hands w/ fingers downward &
use 1 teaspoon of soap;
begin w/ hands, then fingers, then knucles, then btween fingers, rub & circular motions,
wash for at least 15 secondns;
rinse in running water,
wash as high as needed,
use orange wood stick/nail brush to clean under fingernails once a day when starting & each high contaminated & rinse under running water,
dry hands, wrist, forearms w/ paper towels.
use new towel fro each hand,
let water flow from tap as you dry,
use seperate towel to turn off water,
discard the towels ,
use lotion as necessary.