Good things to remember

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created 2 years ago by Liz_Parker
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updated 2 years ago by Liz_Parker
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1

Treatment for hyperkalemia

Kayexelate

2

Calcium gluconate is used to

Stabilize heart function

3

What electrolyte do we need to replete in blood transfusion patients?

Calcium, gets bound up by Cl preservative

4

What drug do we use to treat stroke?

Alteplase

5

What do we use to treat Torsades?

IV Magnesium

6

What are 2 positive inotropic agents?

Dobutamine, milrinone

7

When does HIT typically present?

5-10 after start of treatment

8

What are the 4t’s of HIT?

Thrombocytopenia, timing of drop, thrombosis or sequelae (condition that is a result of a previous injury)

9

What drugs besides Heparin can cause thrombocytopenia?

Linezolid, zosyn

10

What is an interesting monitoring parameter of Argatroban?

INR goal is 4 (instead of the typical 2-3)

11

When do we do a corrected calcium?

If albumin <4

12

What is a normal calcium range?

8.8-10.5

13

Xarelto (rivaroxaban) dosing for active DVT:

15 mg/BID 21 days

*take with food

14

Xarelto (rivaroxaban) dosing for Afib/ DVT prophylaxis:

10

15

Eliquis (apixaban) dosing for active DVT:

10 mg / BID 7 days

16

Newest adverse reactions assocated with FQs

AMS, hypoglycemia

17

Merperidine is the generic name for

Demerol

18

Treatment for hyperkalemia

Kayexalate (polystyrene)

19

Treatments for hyperphosphatemia. Why is calcium citrate not recommended?

Sevelemer or Phos-lo (calcium acetate)

treatment depends on Ca2+ levels

citrate increases aluminum absorption/accumulation which can cause renal disease

20

Normal target Vanc trough

10-20

21

PNU target Vanc trough

15-20

22

Remeron (mirtazpipine) is a TETRAcyclic antidepressant typically indicated in hospitals for?

Sleep

23

Ropinirole is a dopamine agonist typically used to treat

RLS, Parkinson’s

24

Why does Clozaril (clozapine) have a REMS program?

Severe neutropenia, complicated when patient comes off drug and goes back on

25

What level has to be checked for a patient to be on clozapine?

ANC

26

When would we not give Alteplase to a stroke patient?

If BP >180, its been >3 hours, INR >1.7 on Warfarin (considered risky between 1.4-1.7), or they’re on anticoagulant therapy

27

What do hospitals use Librium for?

EtOH withdrawal

28

CIWA is the protocol to decrease _____________ risk in EtOH withdrawal

Seizure

29

What drug can be used to treat low neutrophils?

Neupogen (Filgrastim)

30

Used in hospitals to treat opioid-induced constipation

Relistor

31

Elevated BUN can indicate a patient is

Dehydrated

32

Why do we increase the dose of clozapine so slowly?

Agranulocytosis, orthostatic hypotension

33

Acronym for AMI

MONA2B

morphine

oxygen

nitrate

ASA/antiplatelet

Beta Blocker

34

Narrow complex

Supraventricular tachy (SVT)

35

Wide complex

V tach

36

Treatment for SVT

Adenosine

37

Treatment for Vtach

Amiodarone or lidocaine