Module 9 Part 2
Anxiety: What is it?
*State of being uneasy, apprehensive, or worried about what may happen*
Anxiety: What rxn's will it set off in the body?
-Fight or fligh
- Adrenalin released
- Symptoms subsides
Anxiety: Whaen is it classified as a disorder?
When it interferes with daily activity and relationships
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): What?
*Chronic anxiety that tends to focus on real life issues* (ie. Work, finance, health)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): S/s
-"Cant stop worrying"
-Tension, HA, Muscular tension & body aches
-Fight or Flight: increase HR, SOB, Shakiness
Testing for all Anxiety Disorders
-R/O Physical Disorders
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): What is it?
* Recurrent unwanted thoughts (obsessions) that are only alleviated by behaviors (compulsions)*
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): S/s
Where is this most seen in?
-Unwanted thoughts, images, urges
-Seek relief w/rituals
-seen in families
Panic Disorders (PD): What is it?
* Repeated unexpected (Unprovoked) episodes fo intense fear w/ physical symptoms*
Panic Disorders (PD): Agoraphobia
Fear of being in a place w/ no help around
Panic Disorders (PD): S/s
Stress response; Chest pain, numbness & tingling, hyperventilation, impending doom
Post-Traumatice Stress Disorder (PTSD): What is it?
*After occurence of witnessing or participating in event that cause or threaten harm*
Post-Traumatice Stress Disorder (PTSD): What normally occurs when a pt has PTSD
Post-Traumatice Stress Disorder (PTSD): S/s
Recurrence of event & Associated symptoms; Stress Response
Difficulty; Socially & Sleeping
Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia): What is it?
*Sever anxiety in social events*
Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia): S/s
-Speaking, eating, writing, working in front of others
-using public restrooms
-taking on the phone
Anxiety Disorder Treatments: (4 of them)
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Antidepressants: SSRI & SNRI
Anxiety Disorder Treatments: Buspirone
-Takes the edge off but does not elemiate anxiety
-Not sedating or addictive
-Safest for GAD
Anxiety Disorder Treatments: Benzodiazepine
-Works fast w/in 30min-1hr
- Major benefit
- Highly addictive physically & psychologically w/in weeks of use
- For sever paralysing anxiety
Anxiety Disorder Treatments: Antidepressants
-Many used for GAD
- Full effect take ~6weeks
- Casue sleep problem & nausea
- (SSRI) Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
- (SNRI) Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor