Module 9 Part 2

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created 2 years ago by mkeobounna
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Nervousness & Anxiety
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1

Anxiety: What is it?

*State of being uneasy, apprehensive, or worried about what may happen*

2

Anxiety: What rxn's will it set off in the body?

-Fight or fligh

- Adrenalin released

- Symptoms subsides

3

Anxiety: Whaen is it classified as a disorder?

When it interferes with daily activity and relationships

4

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): What?

Duration?

*Chronic anxiety that tends to focus on real life issues* (ie. Work, finance, health)

>6 months

5

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): S/s

-"Cant stop worrying"

-Tension, HA, Muscular tension & body aches

-Fight or Flight: increase HR, SOB, Shakiness

6

Testing for all Anxiety Disorders

-Clinical

-R/O Physical Disorders

7

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): What is it?

* Recurrent unwanted thoughts (obsessions) that are only alleviated by behaviors (compulsions)*

8

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): S/s

Where is this most seen in?

-Unwanted thoughts, images, urges

-Seek relief w/rituals

-seen in families

9

Panic Disorders (PD): What is it?

* Repeated unexpected (Unprovoked) episodes fo intense fear w/ physical symptoms*

10

Panic Disorders (PD): Agoraphobia

Fear of being in a place w/ no help around

11

Panic Disorders (PD): S/s

Stress response; Chest pain, numbness & tingling, hyperventilation, impending doom

12

Post-Traumatice Stress Disorder (PTSD): What is it?

*After occurence of witnessing or participating in event that cause or threaten harm*

13

Post-Traumatice Stress Disorder (PTSD): What normally occurs when a pt has PTSD

Subsides

14

Post-Traumatice Stress Disorder (PTSD): S/s

Recurrence of event & Associated symptoms; Stress Response

Difficulty; Socially & Sleeping

15

Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia): What is it?

*Sever anxiety in social events*

16

Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia): S/s

Fear of:

-Speaking, eating, writing, working in front of others

-using public restrooms

-taking on the phone

17

Anxiety Disorder Treatments: (4 of them)

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  2. Buspirone
  3. Benzodiazepine
  4. Antidepressants: SSRI & SNRI
18

Anxiety Disorder Treatments: Buspirone

-Takes the edge off but does not elemiate anxiety

-Not sedating or addictive

-Safest for GAD

19

Anxiety Disorder Treatments: Benzodiazepine

-Works fast w/in 30min-1hr

- Major benefit

- Highly addictive physically & psychologically w/in weeks of use

- For sever paralysing anxiety

20

Anxiety Disorder Treatments: Antidepressants

-Many used for GAD

- Full effect take ~6weeks

- Casue sleep problem & nausea

- (SSRI) Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor

- (SNRI) Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor