BONES-SHAPE, CONTOURS, PROJECTIONS AND DIRECTIONS

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created 3 years ago by Ellie_Ward
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human anatomy
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1

LONG BONES

LONGER THAN THEY ARE WIDE, USED AS LEVERS

Eg. HUMERUS, ULNA, RADIUS, METACARPALS, FEMUR, PHALANGES

2

SHORT BONES

RELATIVELY SMALL, CHUNKY SOLID BONES

Eg. CARPALS, TARSALS, PATELLA

3

FLAT BONES

BROAD, FLAT BONES PROVIDE PROTECTION

Eg. BONES OF THE SKULL, SCAPULA, STERNUM, RIBS, PELVIS

4

IRREGULAR BONES

VARIES IN SHAPE, HAVE MANY SURFACE MARKINGS

Eg. VERTEBRAE, CERTAIN BONE SOF THE SKULL

5

CONDYLE

ROUNDED PROJECTION AT END OF LONG BONE

DISTAL END OF FEMUR

6

FACET

SMOOTH, NEARLY FLAT SURFACE

SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR COSTAL FACETS OF VERTEBRAE

7

HEAD

ENLARGED END OF LONG BONE

HEAD OF HUMERUS, HEAD OF FEMUR

8

ARTICULATING SURFACE

AN AREA WHERE TWO BONES ARE ATTACHED FOR PURPOSE OF MOVEMENT

9

NON ARTICULATING SURFACE

INVOLVING SOFT TISSUE RATHER THAN JOINTS FOR PUPROSE OF MOVMENT

10

EPICONDYLE

SMALL PROJECTION LOCATED SUPERIOR TO CONDYLE

11

STYLOID PROCESS

LONG POINTED PROJECTION

12

TRACHANTER

LARGE BLUNT PROCESS ON THE FEMUR

13

PROCESS

A GENERIC TERM FOR ANY PROJECTION

14

DEPRESSION

HOLES