Final Prep

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1

Who coined the Phrase

"Mid-life Crisis"

Where one is in search of meaning?

Carl Jung

2

Who coined the Phrase

"Quarter-Life Crisis" (in their 20s')

Where one is in a struggle to find their way?

Robinson/Wilner

3

Name the 3 components of love

1. Commitment

2. Passion

3. Intimacy

4

So when do people become adults?

Distinct life stage as

"Emerging Adult"

Late Adolescence - Early 30's

5

Whats a unique aspect of the 6th stage of development in Ericksons theory?

Young Adult

Intimacy vs Isolation (6th stage)

(Montgomery Says)

A stronger sense of Identity

relates to

Higher Level of Intimacy

6

What is BMI?

Body Mass Index

Adjusted ratio of HT/WT

7

Identify ranges for BMI

Underweight= ____
Healthy= _____

Overweight= ______

Obese:_______

Underweight= < 18.5

Healthy= 18.5 - 24.9

Overweight= 25-29.9

Obese= 30+

8

BMI

Children who are in the upper ____% are considered overweight

Upper 5% equal Overweight BMI

9

Epidemic of Obesity:

in last 25-30 years:

Obesity rate has _____ in children

Obesity rate has _____ in adolescence

Ratio 1:__ are overweight

Obesity rate has doubled in children

Obesity rate had tripled in adolescence

1:6 are overweight

10

Read statement:

Even after losing weight, many will remain overweight

Best Practice is to avoid overeating and instead become physically active

11

What is a major risk factor for Anorexia Nervosa?

Over protective parents

12

Name Disorder

  • without treatment, 15% will die
  • leads to medical problems such as heart damage
  • distorted body image
  • persistent, refusal to eat accompanied by irrational fear of being overweight?

Anorexia Nervosa

13

Name Disorder:

  • Heredity/Genes: anxiety, food intake
  • feel they cannot stop eating
  • Use of laxatives and/or vomiting (few x's/wk - 30x's/wk)
  • Binge eat- followed by a purge

Bulemia

14

Eating Disorders found mostly in girls,

but __% are boys

10% are boys

15

By the end of High School how many adolescents will have had sex?

2/3

but those with higher executive functioning start at older ages

16

Which adolescent views sexual activity this way?

"Casual date, first partner doesn't have a strong sense of love. NO guilt afterwards."

Boys

17

Which adolescent view sexual activity this way?

"Someone they love. First partner stronger feelings of love. Mixed feelings afterwards : guilt, fear, happiness, excitement"

Girls

18

Which stage

  • begins a shared identity with another
  • how people want to share their lives with another

6th stage

Intimacy vs Isolation

(Remember Montgomery: Stronger sense of Identity- relates to- Higher level of intimacy)

19

Which is considered most healthy?

Fear of commitment (isolation)

or

Over-commit ( codependency)

Somewhere in the middle is most healthy

20

T or F

Healthy behavior is driven by positive motivations

T

21

T or F

Unhealthy behavior is driven by negative emotions

T

22

What are the ages for Erickson young adult?

18-35 years old

(Intimacy vs. isolation)

23

When do people become adults?

What motivated the idea of being an adult in the 1970's?

Trends

24

When do people become adults?

What motivated the idea of being and adult in the early 1900's?

Circumstances

25

What is the leading cause of death among young adults?

Accidents

26

Put in order from least to greatest, who is likely to die in a car accident

  • white
  • black & Latino
  • Asian & Pacific Islander
  • girls
  • boys

Least to greatest

  • girls (Least likely)
  • boys (most likely)
  • Asian & Pacific Islander (least likely)
  • White
  • Black & Latino (most likely)
27

When do people peak, in regards to their physical functioning?

Late 20's - early 30's

28

All these Characteristics are at their best during young adult. Indicate the changes that happen with Visual Acuity, and Hearing Acuity?

  • Tallest
  • strongest
  • coordination
  • dexterity
  • sensory acuity
  • visual acuity
  • hearing acuity

Visual Acuity:

  • lasts until middle age
  • then become far-sighted, needing reading glasses

Hearing Acuity

  • declines somewhat by late 20's for high pitched tones
29

Name Term:

Defined as physical dependence on a substance such that withdraw symptoms are experienced when deprived of that substance

Addiction

30

_____ occurs when a drug (ex. Alcohol) becomes so incorporated into the functioning of the bodies cells that the drug becomes necessary for normal functioning.

Dependence

31

You know when you have an addiction problem when: (3)

it affects:

  1. Social
  2. Occupational
  3. Personal
32

What is the action of this neurotransmitter?

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)

GABA

inhibits impulsiveness

33

What is the action of this neurotransmitter?

Glutamate

Glutamate

excites nervous system

34

what is the function of these neurotransmitters?

  • Dopamine
  • serotonin
  • opioid peptides

pleasurable feelings

35

What is the goal for alcohol treatment?

Abstinence

36

What medication is effective in treating Alcohol relapse related symptoms?

Gabapentin

37

Name the 2 types of Addiction?

  1. Physical- "my body actually needs this to feel normal"
  2. Psychological- "I think I need this thing to feel normal"
38

T or F

A person on steroids can have a physical addiction to this drug

False

Steroids is NOT physically addicting

39

Term

Theory that people find partners based on their similarity to each other

Assortative Mating

40

Name this Defense Mechanism:

Is the refusal to accept reality and to act as if a painful event, thought or feeling did not exist.

It is considered the most primitive of the defense mechanisms because it is characteristic of very early childhood development

Denial

41

Name this Defense Mechanisms:

Is the redirecting of thoughts feeling and impulses from an object that gives rise to anxiety to a safer, more acceptable one.

(ex. Angry at the boss, then go home and kick the dog)

Displacement

(putting unacceptable impossible impulses, on an less threatening object)

42

Name this Defense mechanism:

is that attribution of one's undesired impulses onto another.

(ex. unfaithful spouse, accusing partner of cheating)

Projection

43

Defense mechanism term

is the cognitive reframing of ones perceptions to protect the ego in the face of changing realities.

"it's not my fault, it's theirs"

(ex. Husband wanted job, after interview found he wasn't accepted. Response now is, "they didn't have what I was looking for anyway"

Rationalization

44

Defense mechanism term

is he converting of wishes or impulses that are perceived to be dangerous into their opposites.

(ex. A woman who is furious at her child and wishes her harm might become overly concerned and protect of the childs health)

(Hypocrite, similar to passive aggressive)

Reaction Formation

45

Defense mechanism term

the reversion to an earlier stage of development in the face of unacceptable impulses.

(reverting back to an early behavior that gave satisfaction)

Regression

46

Defense mechanism term

is the blocking of unacceptable impulses from consciousness

(motivated forgetting)

Repression

47

Defense mechanism term

is the channeling of unacceptable impulses into more acceptable outlets

(ex. a person with a kleptomania disorder, works at a local shelter to 'pay back' what she's stolen)

sublimination

48

Defense mechanism

in which a person tries to 'undo' an unhealthy, destructive or otherwise threatening thought or action by engaging in contrary behavior

(Ex. after thinking about being violent with someone, one would then be overly nice or accommodating to them)

Undoing

(doing the opposite of our impulses, or thoughts)

49

Define Personality

a relatively stable or consistent pattern of characteristics that a person uses to interact with the world

  • Freud studied behavior, specifically how a person develops, and what drives behavior
50

What is the purpose of a defense mechanism

  • to reduce anxiety, caused by the conflict between self and the environment
  • our way of distracting ourselves from a full awareness of unpleasant thoughts, feelings and desires
  • Defense mechanisms are used in an attempt to protect oneself from unpleasant emotions, they often result in equally harmful problems
51

Simply read this statement:

In Psychoanalytic Theory, defense mechanisms represent an unconscious mediation by the ego of id impulses which are in conflict with the wishes and needs of the ego and/or superego. By altering and distorting one's awareness of the original impulse, one makes it more tolerable

Psychoanalytic Theory

(a subset to Psychodynamic theory)

52

Simply read this statement:

Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic theory, have described the process by which we protect ourselves from awareness of our undesired and feared impulses. Defense mechanisms are our way of distancing ourselves from a full awareness of unpleasant thoughts, feelings and desires

Psychodynamic Theory

Freud called this an energy

(ex. Mommy/Daddy issues.. unconscious desire to fill gap with mate)

53

Mood vs. Emotion

Define Mood

Chemical change or shift

(something we can't help)

54

Mood vs. Emotion

Define Emotion

Response to an event or situation

55

Psychodynamics

Sig. Freuds, "Personality Development"

Of the ID, SUPER EGO and EGO

Which is conscious, and subconscious?

ID - unconscious (unaware)

Superego - Conscious (actively aware)

Ego- mediates between the ID and SUPEREGO

56

Psychodynamics (Freud's personality development)

Most of a persons behavior is driven by the (consciousness or unconscious)?

Unconsciousness

57

What are the ages of development for Sig Freuds:

  • ID (Devil, impulsive)
  • EGO (angel)
  • SUPEREGO (in the middle)

ID

  • Age: 0-2 years

EGO

  • Age: 2-5 year

SUPEREGO

  • Age: 6 year
58

Person is born with

ID or EGO

ID and only ID (very selfish)

59

Which is the rational part

ID or EGO or SUPEREGO

EGO

Rational part.

Made to manage ID

Reality principle, things are realistic

(Ex. Why we potty train at age 2, they are learning not to be so selfish)

60

Which is completely external?

ID or EGO or SUPEREGO

Superego

concerned about external factors

61

A person who doesn't think through things......

is called an IDiot

(impulsive, not rational)

62

Difference between

Amoral:

Immoral:

Amoral: doesn't know, shouldn't know

Immoral: knows, but doesn't care

63

What is anxiety?

Conflict between self and environment

(its ego's job to find a solution, this is where maturity is developed)

64

Who's job is it to find a solution to anxiety?

ID or EGO or SUPEREGO

Ego's job to find a solution

it's unconscious, depends on maturity, and on how the solution will be presented (ex. denial - acceptance)

65

We resolve issues otherwise we develop ______ ______.

Defense Mechanisms

Maturity is dependent upon this

66

Define

Assortative Mating

Theory that people find partners based on their similarity to each other

(homogamy- is the degree to which people are similar)

67

Of a study of 1500 participants: those who met at _____________ had the most homogamy.

School

68

What is the ratio for how people meet on online?

1:5 will meet online, more than any other country

69

Someone in their middle age has a stronger preference for

Speed Dating or Online Dating

ONLINE dating is a major preference for middle aged persons (36 +)

70

With online dating (FB), when viewing their website, what was observed most often?

male profiles

Female profiles

Male Profiles- personal information was viewed most

Female Profiles- Physical Attraction was viewed most

71

Speed Daters and Online daters alike, didn't mind the 'hook-up' sex, but how many resulted in regret of some form?

3/4

Most preferred a romantic relationship

72

Whose theory is Assortative Mating based on similar characteristics?

(ex. religion, education, physical traits, age, socioeconomic status, etc.)

Schwartz

73

Finding a partner based on similar characteristics or preferences such as themselves, would be called?

Assortative Mating

74

The degree to which one person has a lot in common is called _____

Homogamy

75

Who came up with the idea of 3 basic components of love?

Sternberg (2006)

76

Which of the 3 love components?

  • Happens early in relationship
  • has a high risk for misunderstanding and jealousy
  • in early relationships, its difficult to establish boundaries between sex and hook ups
  • Could be called infatuation

Passion

(as passion fades, the next level is........ Intimacy)

77

When does Romantic Love develop?

Once intimacy is established

(emotional intimacy, trust, honesty, acceptance, openness... these are all needed for a strong relationship)

78

Which of the 3 Love components?

  • acquired through time and hard work
  • together: making decisions, settling conflict, caring,
  • Signs of accomplishing this: Sharing mundane routines, wearing ring and having children

Commitment

79

Of the 3 love components...

as time progresses, 2 of the 3 components begin to slowly fade,

which remains and strengthens over time?

Commitment

80

Cross Cultural Differences in Partnership Preferences

First Main Dimension or Second Main Dimension?

  • Gender Specific preferences (Ex. men desire chastity in women, good cook and housekeeper; women desire men that ambitious, industrious, socially and financially stable)

First Main Dimension

(China, India, Iran, Nigeria)

81

Cross Cultural Differences in Partnership Preferences

First Main Dimension or Second Main Dimension?

  • A man from Greece is looking for a partner. He highly values an educated, intelligent, and socially refined woman.
  • A woman from Greece is also looking for partner who is well educated, intelligent and socially refined.

Second Main Dimension

men and women desire the same traits for each other, they are not gender specific

82

Cross Cultural Difference in Partnership Preferences

What attributes seem to transcend cultures?

Attractiveness

(also, all agree that love and mutual attraction are important)

83

Cross Cultural Difference in Partnership Preferences

Which main dimension? First or Second?

  • A Pleasing disposition is highly valued for both men and women in Indonesia

2nd Main Dimension

84

Cross Cultural Difference in Partnership Preferences

Which is considered a traditional culture

First or Second Dimensions?

First Dimensions