endocrinology

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Medical Terminology
Chapter 15
updated 2 years ago by babyruby
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1

aden/o

gland

2

adren/o

adrenal gland

3

adrenal/o

adrenal gland

4

crin/o

to secrete

5

glyc/o

sugar

6

glycos/o

sugar

7

oophor/o

ovary

8

orchi/o

testes

9

ovari/o

ovary

10

pancreat/o

pancreas

11

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

12

pineal/o

pineal gland

13

pituitar/o

pituitary gland

14

testicul/o

testes

15

thym/o

thymus gland

16

thyr/o

thyroid gland

17

thyroid/o

thyroid gland

18

acr/o

extremities

19

carcin/o

cancer

20

cyt/o

cell

21

ophthalm/o

eye

22

toxic/o

poison

23

al, an, ar, ic

pertaining to

24

centesis

puncture to withdraw fluid

25

cyte

cell

26

dipsia

thirst

27

ectomy

surgical removal

28

edema

swelling

29

emia

blood condition

30

ism

state of

31

itis

inflammation

32

logist

one who studies

33

logy

study of

34

malacia

abnormal softening

35

megaly

enlarged

36

oid

resembling

37

oma

tumor, mass

38

osis

abnormal condition

39

otomy

cutting into

40

pathy

disease

41

pexy

surgical fixation

42

plasty

surgical repair

43

rrhexis

rupture

44

uria

urine condition

45

endo

within

46

ex

outward

47

hyper

excessiveq

48

hypo

below, insufficient

49

poly

many

50

acromegaly

in adults with excessive growth hormones

51

corticosteroids

used to treat severe chronic inflammatory diseases

52

cushing syndrome

condition resulting from hypersecretion of adrenal cortex

53

diabetes insipidus

caused by insufficient antidiuretic hormone

54

diabetes mellitus

chronic disorder of sugar metabolism

55

exophthalmos

eyeballs protrude

56

fasting blood sugar

blood test to measure amount of sugar in bloodstream

57

gigantism

excessive growth due to hypersecretion of growth hormone

58

goiter

enlargement of thyroid gland

59

graves disease

results from hypersecretion of thyroid hormones

60

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

type 1 diabetes mellitus