Acidosis and Alkalosis

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 2 years ago by Pmborton
4 views
book cover
Clinical Chemistry
No Chapter
updated 2 years ago by Pmborton
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

7.34-7.45

pH reference range

2

35-45 mmol/L

PCO2 reference range

3

85-105 mmol/L

PO2 reference range

4

22-27 mmol/L

HCO3 reference range

5

22-28 mmol/L

TCO2 reference range

6

metabolic

involves kidney; effects base bicarbonate

7

respiratory

involves lungs; effects acid carbonic acid

8

PCO2 > 45

PCO2 indicating respiratory acidemia

9

PCO2 < 35

PCO2 indicating respiratory alkalemia

10

>28

HCO3 indicating metabolic alkalemia

11

<11

HCO3 indicating metabolic academia

12

respiratory acidosis

increased CO2 leading to increased carbonic acid H2CO3; due to bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia, respiratory center inhibition, and asphyxia;

13

kidney reabsorbs more HCO3

how the body responds to respiratory acidosis

14

metabolic acidosis

decreased HCO3

15

hyperventilation to lose CO2

how the body responds to metabolic acidosis

16

20:1

bicarb to carbon dioxide normal ratio

17

increased anion gap in metabolic acidosis

renal failure, diabetic ketoacidosis, lactic acidosis, acetylsalicylic acid, methanol, formic acid, isopropyl alcohol, and ethylene glycol

18

normal anion gap in metabolic acidosis

gastrointestinal loss of HCO3, renal tubular acidosis, and increased serum chloride resulting in suppressed bicarb ion reabsorption

19

respiratory alkalosis

decreased CO2 and H2CO3; CO2 loss due to fever, encephalitis, late stages of salicylate poisoning, high altitude, and hysterical hyperventilation

20

kidneys get rid of bicarb

how the body responds to respiratory alkalosis

21

metabolic alkalosis

increased HCO3 and H2CO3

22

hypoventilation to conserve CO2

how the body responds to metabolic alkalosis

23

TABLE 13-4

...