Appendix B: Abbreviations and Their Meanings

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Important Ones to Remember for Final
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1

AC, ac

before meals

2

ABC

Airway/Breathing/Circulation

3

Abd

abdomen, abduction

4

ABG

arterial blood gases

5

ABX

Antibiotics

6

ADA

American Diabetic Association

7

add

adduction

8

ADL

Activities of Daily Living

9

ad lib

as much as needed, as desired

10

Adm.

Admission

11

AKA

Above the knee amputation

12

a.m.

morning

13

AMA

against medical advice

14

AMB, amb

Ambulatory

15

amp

ampule

16

Ant.

Anterior

17

AP

anterior-posterior

18

ARF

Acute renal failure

19

AROM

Active range of motion

20

ASAP

as soon as possible

21

ASA

aspirin

22

ASSMT

Assessment

23

as tol

as tolerated

24

Ax

Axillary

25

BBS

bilateral breath sounds

26

BCX

blood culture

27

BE

barium enema

28

BG

blood glucose

29

bid

twice daily

30

bil

bilateral

31

BKA

Below the Knee Amputation

32

Bld

blood

33

BLE

bilateral lower extremity

34

bm

bowel movement

35

BMR

basal metabolic rate

36

BP, B/P

blood pressure

37

BPM, bpm

beats per minute

38

bs

bowel sounds

39

bs

bedside

40

BS

blood sugar

41

BS

breath sounds

42

BSA

body surface area

43

BUE

Bilateral Upper Extremity

44

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

45

Bx

biopsy

46

C

Degrees Centigrade C°

47

Ca

Calcium

48

CA

Cancer, carcinoma

49

Cal.

calorie

50

CT

computerized axial tomography

51

cath

catheter, catherization

52

CBC

complete blood count

53

CBR

Complete bed rest

54

CDC

Center for Disease Control

55

CEA

carcinoembryonic antigen

56

CHD

congenital heart disease

57

CHF

congestive heart failure

58

CHO

carbohydrate

59

cl liq

clear liquid

60

cm

centimeter

61

CNS

central nervous system

62

c/o

complains of

63

C02

Carbon dioxide

64

Cont.

continued

65

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

66

CRF

chronic renal failure

67

CRTT

Certified Respiratory Therapy Technician

68

C/S

C-section

69

C&S

culture and sensitivity

70

CSF

cerebral spinal fluid

71

CTA

clear to auscultation

72

CV

Cardiovascular

73

CVA

Cerebrovascular

74

CVL

Central Venous Line

75

Cx

Culture

76

CXR

Chest x-ray

77

DAT

diet as tolerated

78

DI

diabetes insipidus

79

Diab.

diabetes

80

DM

Diabetes mellitus

81

DNR

do not resuscitate

82

D5NS

Detrose 5% normal saline

83

DOA

dead on arrival

84

DOB

date of birth

85

Dr.

Doctor

86

Drsg

dressing

87

dx

diagnosis

88

EKG

electrocardiogram

89

Echo

echocardiogram

90

EEG

electroencephalogram

91

e.g.

for example

92

ENT

ear, nose and throat

93

EOM

extraocular muscles, movement

94

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

95

ESRD

End-stage renal disease

96

et

and

97

E.T.

Expiratory Time

98

ETT

endotracheal tube

99

F

Female

100

°F

Degrees Fahrenheit

101

FBS

fasting blood sugar

102

Fe

iron

103

FEV

Forced Expiratory volume

104

FHX

Family history

105

fl

fluid

106

FNP

Family Nurse Practitioner

107

FREQ

frequent

108

FROM

full range of motion

109

FS

full strength

110

F/U

Follow-up

111

FUO

fever of undetermined origin

112

FWB

full weight bearing

113

Fx

fracture

114

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

115

GI

gastrointestinal

116

gm

gram

117

GT

Gastrostomy tube

118

GTC

generalized tonic clonic

119

GTT

Glucose Tolerance Test

120

gtts

drops

121

GU

genitourinary

122

GYN

gynecology

123

HBG

Glycolated hemoglobin

124

Hct

hematocrit (to be used by laboratory only)

125

HEENT

head, eyes, ears, nose and throat

126

Hgb

hemoglobin

127

HOB

head of bed

128

H & H

hemoglobin and hematocrit

129

H&P

history and physical

130

hr

hour

131

HR

heart rate

132

hs, h.s.

hour of sleep

133

Ht.

height

134

HTN

hypertension

135

hx

history

136

I

Independent

137

IBW

ideal body weight

138

ICU

intensive care unit

139

I&D

incision and drainage

140

IDDM

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

141

IM

intramuscular

142

IMM

immunization

143

Inj

injection

144

I&O

intake and output

145

IPPB

intermittent positive pressure breathing

146

IS

Incentive spirometry

147

IV

intravenous (write continuous or push)

148

JT

jejunal tube

149

K+

potassium level

150

Kcal

kilocalorie

151

KCL

potassium chloride

152

Kg

kilogram

153

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder

154

KVO

keep vein open (cannot stand alone; must be accompanied with a specific rate)

155

L

left

156

l

liter

157

LAB

Laboratory

158

LAT

lateral

159

lb

pound

160

LE

Lower Extremity

161

LIQ

Liquid

162

LLE

left lower extremity

163

LLL

left lower lobe

164

LLQ

left lower quadrant

165

LMP

last menstrual period

166

L/min

liters per minute (oxygen)

167

LOC

loss of consciousness

168

LP

lumbar puncture

169

LTC

Long term care

170

LUE

Left Upper Extremity

171

LUL

left upper lobe

172

LUQ

left upper quadrant

173

LVN

licensed vocational nurse

174

Lytes

electrolytes

175

MAE (E)

moves all extremities (equally)

176

max

maximum

177

Mcg

microgram

178

MCL

midclavicular line

179

M.D.

Medical Doctor

180

meds

medications

181

mEq

milliequivalent

182

mg

milligram

183

MI

myocardial infarction

184

min

minute or minimum

185

ml

milliliter

186

mm

millimeter

187

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella

188

mod

moderate

189

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

190

N/A

not applicable

191

Na+

sodium

192

NACL

sodium chloride

193

NC

nasal cannula

194

neg

negative

195

NG

nasogastric

196

NGT

nasogastric tube

197

NKA

no known allergies

198

NKDA

no known drug allergies

199

NS

normal saline

200

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

201

N/V

nausea and vomiting

202

NWB

non-weight bearing

203

O2

oxygen

204

OB

obstetrics

205

OR

Operating Room

206

OOB

out of bed

207

Ophth

ophthalmic

208

OT

occupational therapy

209

OTC

over the counter drugs

210

OTR

Occupational Therapist Registered

211

oz.

ounce

212

Path

Pathology

213

pc

after meals

214

PCA

patient controlled analgesia

215

PE

physical exam

216

PERRLA

pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodations

217

PF

peak flow

218

PFT

Pulmonary Function Test

219

PMI

point of maximum impulse

220

p.m.

afternoon

221

po

by mouth

222

P.Ox

pulse oximeter

223

PT

Prothrombin time

224

PROM

Passive Range of Motion

225

PR

per rectum

226

prn

when necessary

227

prox

proximal

228

PT

Physical therapy

229

pt

patient

230

PWB

partial weight bearing

231

q

every

232

qid

four times a day

233

qns

quantity not sufficient

234

R

right

235

RBC

red blood cells

236

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

237

Rec

rectal

238

reg

regular

239

Resp

respiratory

240

RLL

right lower lobe

241

RLQ

right lower quadrant

242

RN

Registered Nurse

243

R/O

rule out

244

ROM

range of motion

245

ROS

review of systems

246

RPh

Registered Pharmacist

247

RUE

Right Upper Extremity

248

RUL

Right Upper Lobe

249

RUQ

Right Upper Quadrant

250

Rx

medication, prescription

251

SBA

stand-by assistance

252

SOB

short of breath

253

SP

speech

254

S/P

status post

255

Sp. gr.

specific gravity

256

sq

Subcutaneous (injection)

257

S/S

Signs/Symptoms

258

STAT

at once, immediately

259

STD

Sexually Transmitted Disease

260

Subcut.

Subcutaneous

261

TB

tuberculosis

262

tbsp.

Tablespoon

263

TCDB

turn cough and deep breathe

264

TID, tid, t.i.d.

three times a day

265

T , temp

temperature

266

T.O. or T/O

telephone order

267

TPR

temperature, pulse, and respirations

268

tsp

teaspoon

269

TTWB

toe touch weight bearing

270

Tx

treatment

271

UA

urinalysis

272

UE

upper extremity

273

UTI

urinary tract infection

274

URI

upper respiratory infection

275

V/O, V.O.

verbal order

276

V/S

vital signs

277

WB

weight bearing

278

WBAT

weight bearing as tolerated

279

WBC

white blood cells

280

W/C, w/c

wheel chair

281

WNL

within normal limits

282

Wt.

weight

283

X

times

284

x-match

cross match

285

y/o

years old

286

yr.

year(s)