psyc-3337 exam 2 ch7

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1

Injury During the Preschool Years

  • Accidents are greatest risk
  • Danger of injuries –High levels of physical activity –Curiosity –Lack of judgment
2

Silent Danger: Lead Poisoning

  • Children can get lead poisoning by chewing on pieces of peeling paint
  • Lead can also be in air, water, and food.
3

Effects of Lead Poisoning

  • High levels of lead are linked to higher levels of antisocial behavior in school age children

–Aggression

–Delinquency

  • Higher levels of exposure of lead poisoning results in illness and death
4

Myelin

The protective insulation that surrounds neurons.

5

childhood age 5

Age 5 child brain almost size of adult brain.

6

American Academy of Pediatrics
Current Guidelines Regarding Toilet Training

  • Dry at least 2 hours during day or after nap
  • Regular, predictable bowel movements
  • Indications that bowel movement or urination is about to occur
  • Ability to follow simple directions
  • Ability to get to bathroom and undress on time
  • Discomfort with soiled diapers
  • Asking to use toilet
  • Desire to wear underwear
  • Begin only when children are ready
7

PIAGET- Preoperational ages 2-7

Knowledge is product of direct motor behavior

  • All children pass through series of stages
  • Stage lasts from age of two years until around seven years
  • Preoperational Stage
8

Egocentrism

  • Preschoolers do not understand that others have different perspectives from their own
9

Egocentrism (all about them, lack of empathy)

Egocentric thought takes two forms:

Lack of awareness that others see things from a different physical perspective

Failure to realize that others may hold thoughts, feelings, and points of view that differ from theirs

10

Saying No to the Show

American Academy of Pediatrics

  • Recommends that exposure to television should be limited
  • Suggests that until age of 2, children watch no television, and after that age, no more than 1 to 2 hours of quality programming each day